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First Spacewalk: A Historical Achievement That Nearly Ended In Tragedy



More than 50 years ago the first spacewalk nearly ended in tragedy, the story behind the historical moment which changed the way we look at space is fascinating and here we have the details.

During the so-called space-race between the USSR and the United States, the competition was fierce and both the USSR and the United States wanted to be the first to make it to the moon, to space in general…
In order to conquer space, many steps were required but above all, courage was needed, a courage that would give those chosen once, the space adventure of their life time.
Alexey Leonov
On March 18, 1965, Russian Cosmonaut Alexey Leonov had an adventure of a lifetime as he stepped outside the Voskhod-2 spaceship to float in space: the first spacewalk in human history which opened many doors for future space exploration.
With this great achievement, Leonov became the first human to ever ‘walk’ in space, observing planet Earth from a distance of 500 kilometers.
The truth about this historical moment is fascinating and could have very well ended in a tragedy that could have changed the way we look at space exploration forever. In 1965, Leonov was celebrated by the USSR as a hero, the Cosmonaut who gave them a strategic advantage over their competitor, the United States.
On that historic day, Leonov stepped out of the spaceship attached by a 5.35 meter-long cable, remaining in space for a period of over ten minutes. When everything seemed alright, luck proved how unpredictable it was.
Leonov had a very simple mission while in space: Attach a camera to the airlock, film his spacewalk with a camera mounted on the front of the spacesuit and… survive. Leonov managed almost all three objectives expect the second one.
It was impossible for Leonov to document his spacewalk since his spacesuit inflated like a balloon which prevented him from reaching the shutter-switch located on his thigh.
The first human spacewalk was an extraordinary and dangerous attempt. Until then, no one knew what it was like, what to expect and how things would turn out. According to medical reports, Leonov’s core body temperature rose 1.8 degrees Celsius in just 20 minutes, nearly causing a heat stroke. Leonov floated inside his space suit.
The BBC reports Leonov’s recollections of the critical moment:
“My suit was becoming deformed. My hands had slipped out of the gloves [and] my feet came out of the boots. The suit felt loose around my body. I had to do something. I couldn’t pull myself back using the cord. And what’s more, with this misshapen suit, it would be impossible to fit through the airlock.”
As Leonov’s spacesuit bloated and stiffened in the vacuum, it was too large to fit through the airlock. Leonov opened an oxygen valve slowly, depressurizing his suit until it became small enough to allow him to squeeze into the spacecraft. The problems however, did not end once he was inside the spacecraft.
Once the inflatable airlock was ejected it sent the spacecraft into an extremely dangerous spin, to add to the misery of the situations, a malfunction within the spacecraft sent oxygen levels up, a very risky situation for the cosmonauts. A single spark could have caused an explosion destroying the entire spacecraft.
In an interview with RT, former cosmonaut Alexey Leonov reflects on the dangers during the first human spacewalk:
“I keep going over the mission and I keep finding mistakes that could have been avoided. They could have led to tragedy, everything was on the edge. We were thrown to an altitude of 495 kilometers by an error, it [was]…200 kilometers higher than planned. And it so happened that we were flying some 5 kilometers below the radiation layer.”
“The sheer size of the Earth, space. We don’t understand it on the ground. Only there you can comprehend space. While from inside the spacecraft cosmonauts could see only a small fraction of the scenery, outside “the stars and the sun are everywhere… I did not expect all this.
The silence struck me. I could hear my heart beating so clearly. I could hear my breath – it even hurt to think. The heavy breaths were looped via microphones and broadcast to Earth.”
Leonov died on 11 October 2019 after a long illness in Moscow. His funeral took place on 15 October. He was 85[31] and the last living member of the five cosmonauts in the Voskhod programme.
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“Alien bases” may be hiding off the coast of Alaska, researchers say




An organization of civilian volunteers dedicated to the study of
unidentified flying objects (UFOs) has issued a statement based on
decades of studying eyewitness reports. According to Mutual UFO Network,
“alien bases” may be hiding off the coast of Alaska, reports

say the deep waters in this region may hold something surprising. After
analyzing reports from the ship’s crew from 1945, they hypothesized
that alien objects could be lurking underwater, off the coast of the

Alleged sightings of alien spacecraft nearly 80 years ago
have become a key point in research. Members of the organization believe
that UFOs move over water and may have “bases.”

allege crew members on a U.S. Army transporter ship sailing past Island
Adak saw a massive UFO sized 150 to 200 feet emerge from the water.
Although these reports are nowhere to be found, UFO enthusiasts believe
the unidentified flying vehicles likely were used to commute to
different supposed alien bases hiding in the deep waters.

the “secret reports” of the sailors aren’t available, investigators
have taken it upon themselves to unravel the mystery surrounding the
unidentified flying objects and they believe the ocean has alien bases
that humans aren’t aware of.

Enthusiasts claim that UFOs may be
using “underwater networks” or wormholes as superhighways to travel
between points in the universe. UFO researcher Johnny Enoch added that
such objects could serve as a vehicle for aliens.

There are also
theories that other places on Earth could serve as bases for alien life.
A mountain in Seoul, South Korea is believed to be hiding a UFO,
according to Dr. Steven Greer.

An episode of the series “The
Alaska Triangle” features satellite imagery that claims to show one of
the “alien bases” in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California.

another researcher featured in the program showed markings from the sea
bed that she claimed could have been roadways for aliens.

the mysteries of the ocean remain unsolved, researchers continue their
search, trying to unravel the mystery of what may be hiding in the
depths of the waters off the coast of Alaska.

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Enormous City-Size Comet Racing Towards Earth Grows ‘Devil Horns’ After Massive Eruption




A volcanic comet the size of a mid-sized US city has
violently exploded for the second time in four months as it continues
racing toward the earth. And following the massive eruption, the cloud
of ice and gas sprouted what looked like a pair of gigantic devil horns.

The city-sized comet, named 12P/Pons-Brooks, is a cryovolcanic — or
cold volcano — comet. It has a solid nucleus, with an estimated diameter
of 18.6 miles, and is filled with a mix of ice, dust and gas known as
cryomagma. The nucleus is surrounded by a fuzzy cloud of gas called a
coma, which leaks out of the comet’s interior.

When solar radiation heats the comet’s insides, the pressure builds up
and the comet violently explodes, ejaculating its ice-cold innards into
space through seeping cracks in the nucleus’s shell.

Live Science report:
On Oct. 5, astronomers detected a large outburst from 12P, after the
comet became dozens of times brighter due to the extra light reflecting
from its expanded coma, according to the British Astronomical Association (BAA), which has been closely monitoring the comet 

Over the next few days, the comet’s coma expanded further and developed its “peculiar horns,”
reported. Some experts joked that the irregular shape of the coma also
makes the comet look like a science fiction spaceship, such as the
Millennium Falcon from Star Wars.

The unusual shape of the comet’s coma is likely due to an irregularity in the shape of 12P’s nucleus, Richard Miles, a BAA astronomer, told Live Science after the comet’s previous eruption.
The outflowing gas is likely being partially obstructed by a notch
sticking out on the nucleus, Miles said. As the gas continues to expand
away from the comet, the irregularity in the coma’s shape becomes more
defined and noticeable, he added.

12P is currently hurtling toward the inner solar system, where it
will be slingshotted around the sun on its highly elliptical 71-year
orbit around our home star — similar to the green comet Nishimura, which
pulled off a near-identical maneuver on Sept. 17

12P will reach its closest point to Earth on April 21, 2024, when it
may become visible to the naked eye before being catapulted back toward
the outer solar system. It will not return until 2095.

This is the second time 12P has sprouted its horns this year. On July
20, astronomers witnessed the comet blow its top for the first time in
69 years (mainly due to its outbursts being less frequent and harder to
spot during the rest of its orbit). On that occasion, 12P’s coma grew to
around 143,000 miles (230,000 km), which is around 7,000 times wider
than the comet’s nucleus.

It is unclear how large the coma grew during the most recent
eruption, but there are signs the outburst was “twice as intense” as the
previous one, the BAA noted. By now, the coma has likely shrunk back to
near its normal size.

As 12P continues to race toward the sun, there is a high probability
that we will witness several more major eruptions. It is possible that
those eruptions will be even bigger than the most recent one as the
comet soaks up more solar radiation, according to

But 12P is not the only volcanic comet that astronomers are currently
monitoring: 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann (29P) — the most volatile volcanic
comet in the solar system — has also had several noticeable eruptions
in the last year.

In December 2022, 29P experienced its largest eruption in around 12 years, which sprayed around 1 million tons of cryomagma into space. And in April this year, for the first time ever, scientists accurately predicted one of 29P’s eruptions before it actually happened, thanks to a slight increase in the comet’s brightness in the lead-up to the icy explosion.

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