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Archaeologists uncover ancient city of Changgan

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Archaeologists excavating in Nanjing have uncovered the ancient city of Changgan from Li Bai’s “Ballad of Changgan”.

The discovery was made in present-day Nanjing, the capital of Jiangsu province, China, during excavations near the Porcelain Tower of Nanjing, also known as the Great Bao’en Temple.

Excavations revealed evidence of occupation dating back more than 3,000 years during the  Shang (1600 BC-1046 BC) and Zhou (1046 BC-256 BC) dynasties, while occupational evidence from the Tang period has led to the discovery of the ancient city of Changgan.

The city is mentioned in the “Ballad of Changgan”, composed by Chinese poet, Li Bai (AD 701- 762), during the reign of Emperor Xuanzong.

This poem centres around a tale of love, where Li Bai narrates the story of a young girl who weds a boy at the age of fourteen. The poet delves into the girl’s inner thoughts, detailing her emotional journey as she matures, and her reactions upon reaching fifteen and her preparations for the solitude that awaits her at sixteen. Upon her husband’s departure, she grapples with intense loneliness, finding life devoid of meaning. The poem concludes on an elegiac note, capturing the yearning of a solitary girl for her absent husband, yet to return from his journey.

The team found wall foundations and circular trenches that played a role in the city defence, in addition to water wells, kilns, and a sacrificial pit for swine. Wang Wei, president of the China Council of Archaeology, said: “The dating of the discovery places it around 3,100 years ago. It stands as a notable archaeological find for Nanjing in 2023.”

Excavations also revealed numerous artefacts, including ceramic pieces with triangular decorations, ding ware used as ritual food vessels, swine bones, and over 10,000 objects providing new insights into the people that lived in Changgan.

Header Image Credit : xhby

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Researchers find that Żagań-Lutnia5 is an Iron Age stronghold

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Archaeologists have conducted a ground penetrating radar (GPR) survey of Żagań-Lutnia5, revealing that the monument is an Iron Age stronghold.

Żagań-Lutnia5 was first discovered in the 1960s near the town of Żagań in western Poland, with previous studies suggesting that the monument could be associated with the Białowieża group of the Lusatian urnfield culture.

The Lusatian culture existed in the later Bronze Age and early Iron Age (1300–500 BC) in most of what is now Poland. It formed part of the Urnfield systems found from eastern France, southern Germany and Austria to Hungary, and the Nordic Bronze Age in northwestern Germany and Scandinavia.

A recent study led by Dr. Arkadiusz Michalak on behalf of the Archaeological Museum of the Middle Oder River has revealed two parallel sequences of magnetic anomalies at Żagań-Lutnia5 that represent the remnants of earthen and wooden fortifications.

The course of the fortifications were recorded in the northern, western and southern parts of the study area, however, a study of the eastern section was limited due to a sewage collector built in the 1990’s.

Exploratory excavations found four cultural layers with remains of huts and hearths, in addition to a burnt layer from the last phase of occupation that suggests a period of conflict.

According to the researchers, the monument was likely built by the same people who constructed the stronghold in Wicin and a number of verified defensive settlements within the area of the Elbe, Nysa Łużycka and Odra.

As a result of the study, Żagań-Lutnia5 has been added to the catalogue of verified Early Iron Age strongholds located in today’s Lubusz Voivodeship.

Header Image Credit : Provincial Office for the Protection of Monuments

Sources : Provincial Office for the Protection of Monuments – Archaeological research at the site of Żagań-Lutnia5

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Rare copper dagger found in Polish forest

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A rare copper dagger from over 4,000-years-ago has been discovered in the forests near Korzenica, southeastern Poland.

Piotr Gorlach from the Historical and Exploration Association Grupa Jarosław made the discovery during a metal detector survey in Jarosław Forest.

Upon realising the significance of the find, Mr Gorlach contacted the Podkarpacie conservator of monuments in Przemyśl and the Orsetti House Museum.

The dagger dates from over 4,000 years ago, a period in which objects made from copper were extremely rare in the Central European Plain.

A preliminary study indicates that the dagger may originate from the Carpathian Basin or Ukrainian steppe, and predates the development of bronze metallurgy for the region.

This transition is traditionally known as the Copper Age and marked a gradual incorporation of copper while stone remained the primary resource utilised.

Dr. Elżbieta Sieradzka-Burghardt from the museum in Jarosław, said: “This is a period of enormous change in the main raw materials for the production of tools. Instead of flint tools commonly used in the Stone Age, more and more metal products appear heralding the transition to the next period – the Bronze Age.”

Daggers during this era were a universal attribute of warriors, however, being made from copper suggests that the owner held a high social status. This is further supported by its size measuring 10.5 cm in length, which for this period is actually very large when compared to other metal objects from the same era.

The dagger has already been added to the collection of the Orsetti House Museum in Jarosław.

Header Image Credit : Łukasz Śliwiński

Sources : PAP – A dagger from over 4,000 years ago found in the forest.

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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