Connect with us


The Petrozavodsk phenomenon: Jellyfish UFO



A drawing of of the Petrozavodsk Jellyfish UFO by an Eyewitness. Photo: moviemaker

On September 20th, 1977 a series of bright, flying objects resembling jellyfish were reported in the skies over Eastern Europe and Scandinavia.

Sightings of the Petrozavodsk Jellyfish UFO

On the 20th September, 1977 many sightings of unidentified objects in the sky were reported to authorities across Eastern Europe and Scandinavia.

These objects varied in appearance from small, fast moving orbs of light that left behind a trail of smoke to large jellyfish shaped light forms.

At least 48 objects were reported between 1:00 and 1:20am UTC.

There were also sightings before 1:00am local time over Medvezhyegorsk, at 2:30 am over Loukhi, and at 3:00am over Kovdor and Palanga (Lithuania).

Between approximately 3:00 and 3:25 am, the supervising personnel of the Leningrad maritime trade port observed an unidentified luminous object.

At 3:30 am, the crew of the Soviet fishing vessel Primorsk reportedly saw a flying object surrounded by a luminous coat as it departed from the Primorsk harbor. The object appeared to move silently from the east and abruptly changed direction to the north near Primorsk.

Newspapers Ilta-Sanomat and Kansan Uutiset reported sightings of a glowing ball in Helsinki, Finland, on September 20th and 21st. Many residents, including taxi drivers, police officials, and Helsinki Airport personnel, claimed to have observed the ball.

Two men near Turku, Finland reported seeing an unidentified spinning object resembling a lifebuoy, approximately 10 meters in diameter, at a distance of 300 meters.

Ilta-Sanomat, a Finnish newspaper also reported a sighting of a glowing object over Copenhagen, Denmark, by the pilots of a Finnish airline aircraft flying from Rome.

Reports from eyewitnesses, including paramedics, on-duty militsiya officials, seamen, longshoremen at Petrozavodsk’s port, military personnel, local airport staff, and an amateur astronomer, described bright, luminous bodies in the European part of the Soviet Union.

These bodies were surrounded by extended shells and emitted light rays or jets of peculiar shapes. The shells transformed and diffused within 10 to 15 minutes, while a more persistent and stable glow was observed, mostly in the northeastern part of the sky. This phenomenon was witnessed by various individuals in different professions and locations.

A. Novozhilov’s Sighting of the Jellyfish UFO

A photo taken of the Jellyfish UFO by Michael Heseman

Engineer A. Novozhilov reported seeing a luminous object in the settlement of Kurkijoki, which he initially thought was a meteor. He described the object as resembling an airship and reported the sighting to Konstantin Polevitsky, a candidate of technical sciences, who recorded it.

As time passed, the object stopped moving and then started moving towards Novozhilov, increasing in size and taking on the distinct shape of an airship.

The object had facets and was tipped with bright shining spots on the front and back, with the edges glowing with white light that was slightly fainter than the spots.

The facets looked like windows that were lit from the inside and glowed evenly with a white light that was fainter than the edges.

The object was approximately 100 meters long and 12-15 meters in diameter, moving at an altitude of 300-500 meters. As the object approached Novozhilov, it released a brightly shining ball from the rear that flew north, descending behind a forest and causing a bright glow upon landing.

Novozhilov attempted to take three photos of the sighting with a 0.1-second exposure at 4:15 am, but they were unsuccessful. He described the object as being “much larger than the moon” and moving at the speed of a helicopter. The observation lasted for about 10-15 minutes and occurred in complete silence.

Yuri Linnik’s Sighting of the Jellyfish UFO

Soviet writer and philosopher Yuri Linnik provided a detailed description of an unidentified object he observed at his dacha near Namoyevo around 3:00 am, using an amateur telescope with 80x magnification.

The object had a lens-like shape with a dim, translucent ring, and its color was described as a “dark amethyst, intensively lightened from inside”. Linnik noted that the edges of the object had 16 spots, which he referred to as “nozzles”, emitting pulsating red rays at an angle of 10°-15°.

The object stopped near Gamma Cephei at an azimuth of 220°, then changed direction near Kappa Coronae Borealis to 30°-35° west at an azimuth of 340°-350°. Finally, it disappeared in the north at an azimuth of 340° after a flight duration of 15 minutes.

Sightings of the Jellyfish UFO over Petrozavodsk

A video containing information about the Petrozavodsk Jellyfish UFO sightings

In 1974, Petrozavodsk, a city in the Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, was the capital and an important industrial center.

A large unidentified object was spotted over Petrozavodsk by many eyewitnesses, including a TASS correspondent named Nikolai Milov.

Milov described the object as a “huge star” that appeared in the sky around 4:00 am local time and emitted pulsating shafts of light towards the Earth. The object was also seen by other newspapers and eyewitnesses in adjacent places.

The object was initially seen in the northeastern part of the sky, below Ursa Major constellation, at an azimuth of about 40°. It appeared as a bright object, similar in brightness to Venus, and moved upwards towards Ursa Major.

As it moved, it expanded and pulsated, but did not decrease in brightness. After about three minutes, the object stopped and dispersed a bright cloud, which was round or oval in shape and had a diameter larger than that of Ursa Major.

he altitude of the object during the formation of the cloud was estimated to be around 7.5 km or 6.0 km based on different observations.

The object was red in color and emitted a bluish white glow, illuminating the area like a full moon. The glowing cloud then developed a dark spot around the central core, which expanded while the glow faded away.

The object hovered over Petrozavodsk for about five minutes before moving away. During hovering, its speed was similar to that of a passenger aircraft, and one eyewitness noted that its underside resembled a Segner wheel. The entire phenomenon lasted for about 10-15 minutes and was also observed in adjacent places.

In 1978, a color reconstruction of various stages of the object was published in Tekhnika i Nauka, a scientific and technical magazine.

The eyewitness reports and preliminary data analysis by the Academy of Sciences of the USSR in 1977 found the observations to be consistent and complementary. Some of the details of the object’s size and shape were estimated based on drawings and descriptions provided by eyewitnesses.

In November 1977, a clinical psychologist named Y. Andreyeva evaluated the mental health of nine eyewitnesses of the Petrozavodsk phenomenon and concluded that they were mentally stable and their testimonies were truthful.

Strange Effects of the Jellyfish UFO

There were reports of the phenomenon having a strange impact on humans and the environment.

Some eyewitnesses observed that the air above the lake in Petrozavodsk glowed with white light after the glowing yellow ball disappeared, and the glow was even brighter than the city lights.

There were also reports of increased biological activity in the areas where the phenomenon was observed, such as blooming of roses and herbaceous plants, which was considered unusual for the region.

Some engineers in the Petrozavodsk area reported “huge failures” in computing devices during the phenomenon, which later returned to normal functioning.

Investigation into the Petrozavodsk Jellyfish UFO

In 1977, Lev Gindilis, a researcher at the Sternberg Astronomical Institute, analyzed testimonies and meteorological data related to a phenomenon observed in Petrozavodsk, Russia.

He suggested that the object observed could have been at an altitude of around 100 kilometers or higher, with a minimum size of about 1 kilometer and a diameter of several tens of kilometers.

He also pointed out that the observed motion of the object did not match the expected trajectory of the Soviet satellite Kosmos-955, which had been launched to the northeast.

In October 1977, a local hydrometeostation further confirmed the southwest motion of the object. In 1978, an expert group was dispatched to Petrozavodsk to study the phenomenon on-site, and an updated report was compiled. Copies of the report were sent to foreign research groups, including one to GEPAN in France and another to CUFOS in the United States.

The reception of the Soviet report abroad was mixed, with some considering it as evidence of unidentified flying objects (UFOs), while others criticized it as a possible Soviet attempt to divert attention from their own UFO activities. James Oberg was particularly critical of the Soviet investigation.

The initial analysis and subsequent investigations were inconclusive and did not provide a definitive explanation for the Petrozavodsk phenomenon.

Possible Explanations for the Petrozavodsk Phenomenon

Many explanations have been proposed to explain the phenomenon observed over Petrozavodsk. At first, some experts thought it was caused by a meteorite or aurorae, but these explanations were later challenged.

Vladimir Krat, the director of the Pulkovo Observatory, initially attributed it to a meteorite, but later changed his view to aurorae. Vladimir Migulin, the director of IZMIRAN, also supported the aurorae explanation, but this was rejected by Felix Ziegel, who argued that aurorae cannot occur at the altitude and brightness observed in Petrozavodsk.

Migulin then suggested that the phenomenon was caused by a combination of factors, including the launch of the satellite Kosmos-955, magnetic perturbations from a solar flare, and a scientific experiment involving low frequency radio waves on the ionosphere.

In an interview, Matti Kivinen from the Nurmijärvi geophysical observatory speculated that the object could be debris from a launch vehicle or satellite.

James Oberg attributed the phenomenon to the launch of Kosmos-955 from Plesetsk Cosmodrome, which caused a blaze trail visible from Petrozavodsk due to the direction of the launch.

Yuli Platov, a fellow from IZMIRAN, endorsed Oberg’s view and linked the phenomenon to the satellite’s engine flare and passage through the turbopause boundary.

In a later article, Platov also mentioned the possibility of an unsuccessful test launch of a ballistic missile in the same region at the same time, but this argument remains contested.

Another hypothesis proposed by M. Dmitriyev in Aviatsiya i Kosmonavtika suggested that the phenomenon was a chemiluminescent area in the atmosphere, but Ziegel criticized this explanation, stating that the energy output of chemiluminescence is too low compared to the observed brightness and movement of the object.

Ukrainian researcher Oleh Pruss, who has experience with rocket launches, stated that the phenomenon observed over Petrozavodsk was different from what is typically seen during rocket launches. Further investigation and research is needed to determine the true nature of the phenomenon.

No definitive explanation for the phenomenon exists to this day.

What do you think caused the Jellyfish UFO over Petrozavodsk? Let us know in the comments.

Continue Reading


Flight 1628: Aircraft Manoeuvres to Avoid UFO




Captain Terauchi with a drawing of what he saw during Flight 1628

On November 17, 1986, a Japan Airlines flight was stalked for 30 minutes by several UFOs. These UFOs were also seen by the Anchorage Federal Aviation Administration who advised the pilot to take evasive action.

Two Small Ships and a Mothership

Captain Kenju Terauchi, a former fighter pilot and seasoned airline captain with over 10,000 hours of flight experience, was assigned to command a Japan Airlines cargo flight from Paris to Reykjavik, Anchorage, and then on to Tokyo.

At 5:09 pm Alaska time on November 17, the Anchorage Air Route Traffic Control Center communicated with JAL 1628, located approximately 104 miles northeast of Fort Yukon. The flight controller instructed the pilot to adjust the heading to pass south of Fort Yukon and Fairbanks. Responding to this, the copilot initiated a left turn of about 15 degrees. Captain Terauchi, seated on the left side of the cockpit, noticed unidentified lights below and to the left through his window. Initially assuming them to be military aircraft, he disregarded them. However, he soon realized these unidentified objects were keeping pace with their aircraft.

Flight 1628 made two rapid inquiries to the Anchorage Center, seeking clarification on any other aircraft in the vicinity. The Center confirmed the absence of military aircraft and reported that ground radar detected only Flight 1628. Subsequently, the two lights began displaying erratic movements.

Terauchi’s Account

The large mothership as described by Terauchi

At first, the lights appeared distant, so there was no immediate sense of danger. Captain Terauchi began to speculate that they might be UFOs due to their peculiar movements. Suddenly, two large spacecraft emerged directly in front of the plane, emitting bright lights. The cockpit was illuminated brightly, and the warmth from the UFOs’ thrusters could be felt on Terauchi’s face. After a brief moment, the fiery illumination ceased, transforming into small circles of light flying alongside at the same speed. The middle of the ships emitted sporadic bursts of light, resembling a glowing fire. Their size was comparable to a large aircraft, flying slightly higher and just ahead.

The inexplicable nature of such an encounter struck Captain Terauchi, considering the impossibility for man-made machines to swiftly appear and maintain formation with a fast-moving aircraft. Nevertheless, there was no immediate sense of threat, only astonishment. The reasons behind their proximity remained a mystery.

A pale, white light marked the path where the ships departed, maintaining pace with the aircraft. Despite inquiries to the Anchorage Center, no objects were detected on their radar. However, the aircraft’s weather radar revealed a significant green circle approximately seven or eight miles away in the same direction.

As they passed over the Eielson Air Force Base and Fairbanks, the city lights illuminated the terrain below. Suddenly Terauchi was confronted with the silhouette of a massive spaceship.

In coordination with the Anchorage Center, Captain Terauchi undertook evasive maneuvers, including circling and altering altitude. However, the massive UFO, described by Terauchi as comparable in size to two aircraft carriers, persisted in shadowing Flight 1628 regardless of their efforts.

Terauchi was terrified and felt concerned about what the UFOs were trying to achieve. The Anchorage Center proposed deploying a military jet, but Captain Terauchi opted against it, concerned about potential unintended repercussions of a military encounter with the unidentified craft. Around the same time, a United Airlines passenger jet entered the airspace and was instructed by air traffic control (ATC) to observe the situation visually. Terauchi recounted, “When the United plane approached our position, the spaceship abruptly vanished. The peculiar encounter concluded approximately 150 miles away from Anchorage.”

The Investigation into Flight 1628

In 1986, John Callahan, holding the position of FAA Division Chief within the Accidents and Investigations Branch in Washington, DC, received an urgent call from Alaska approximately one week after the JAL 1628 incident.

During an interview conducted around 2000, Callahan recounted the event, expressing that an unidentified caller, whose identity he couldn’t recall, conveyed a sense of urgency regarding media inquiries flooding the FAA office in Alaska. The caller informed Callahan about a UFO sighting involving a 747 aircraft that occurred a week prior.

Callahan instructed the caller to gather all available data, including civilian and military disks, and any accessible tapes, to be sent overnight to the technical center where he was stationed. Despite initial reluctance from the military to share their tapes, the caller managed to collect all available information from Anchorage Traffic Control.

Callahan further explained that they directed the caller to recreate the setup exactly as it was in Anchorage, aiming to project all gathered data onto the radar monitor, including radar, digital radar, and audio recordings, in order to gain a comprehensive understanding of the situation.

Upon reviewing the tapes, Callahan listened to a three-way conversation involving Anchorage Air Traffic Control (ATC), Elmendorf’s NORAD Regional Operations Control Center (ROCC), and Captain Terauchi of JAL 1628. Additionally, he examined a tape displaying ATC radar sightings on a scope. Although Anchorage Air Traffic Control did not detect the UFOs on their radar, indications from their conversation suggested that the military was actively monitoring the UFOs. Callahan elaborated:

“The military controller possesses what they refer to as height-finding radar, along with long-range and short-range radar. Therefore, if they fail to detect an object on one system, they may catch it on another. Our radar system, however, did not record such sightings.”

Details relayed by the military controller revealed that the UFOs were traveling at incredibly high speeds while navigating the airspace around the 747. Additionally, the military controller made another surprising observation: towards the end of the incident, a United Airlines flight was diverted to observe the JAL flight. Interestingly, Captain Terauchi no longer spotted the large UFO at that point, and neither did the United Airlines pilot. However, unbeknownst to both pilots, military radar clearly indicated that the UFO had concealed itself from view behind the United flight and had begun tailing it.

Following the presentation, Callahan’s superior instructed him, “Don’t communicate with anyone until I authorize it.” The subsequent day, his superior organized a briefing, during which Callahan recounted, “I gathered all the personnel from the tech center. We assembled upstairs, armed with various data boxes and printouts that filled the room. Three individuals from the FBI, three from the CIA, and three from Reagan’s scientific study team were brought in, alongside others whose identities I’m unsure of, but they all seemed enthusiastic.”

Callahan and his team presented all their findings to the group and fielded numerous technical inquiries.

Upon concluding the briefing, the assembled individuals were actually sworn to secrecy, with instructions to deny the existence of the meeting and its recordings. This directive came from a CIA representative. Perplexed by this directive, Callahan questioned the rationale behind concealing such information. He reasoned that if the object observed wasn’t the then-in-development Stealth Bomber, it could only be classified as a UFO. He questioned why the public shouldn’t be informed. The CIA representative explained that disclosing such information to the American public would likely incite widespread panic, hence the decision to keep it classified. Despite this, Callahan retained copies of all the data in his office.

When asked for his opinion, Callahan expressed his belief that what they witnessed appeared to be a UFO. He noted that Reagan’s scientific team shared his enthusiasm for the data, emphasizing that this was the first instance in which a UFO had been recorded on radar for an extended duration.

In the aftermath, Captain Terauchi was reassigned to a desk role within months of the incident, reportedly due to company embarrassment, although he was later reinstated. As for Callahan, he retired from the FAA, transitioning into a career as an industry consultant, and periodically shared the true account of JAL flight 1628.

Think Anomalous discusses Flight 1628

More UFO Accounts:

The Strange Disappearance of Pilot Frederick Valentich

The Kaikoura UFO Sightings

The Mysterious Dome of Light Seen by Military Aircraft

Are you Interested in Spirit Communication? Try our AI Powered Spirit Box!

Continue Reading


Hessdalen Lights




One of the most famous photos of the Hesddalen Lights. Photo: Life in Norway

Since the 1980s Scientists have been studying a strange aerial phenomenon in Norway but they yet to find a definitive explanation.

What are the Hessdalen Lights?

NewScientist shares footage of th Hessdalen Lights

The Hessdalen lights are strange, unexplained lights seen in a part of Norway called the Hessdalen valley since the 1930s. These lights can appear during the day or night and look white, yellow, or red.

They move around the valley, sometimes quickly and other times slowly. Sometimes they stay in one spot. Hundreds of people have seen these lights over the years.

At times, these lights can be as large as cars and linger in the air for as long as 2 hours. Sometimes, they may swiftly traverse down the valley before vanishing abruptly. Other times, there are instances of quick blue and white flashes that appear and disappear in an instant, along with sightings during the daytime resembling metallic objects in the sky.

In the early 1980s, there was a huge uptick in the amount of sightings. Since 1983, a group called “Project Hessdalen” and later a program named EMBLA have been trying to study these lights.

They’ve set up cameras and equipment to record them. Scientists from Østfold University College, Norway and Italian National Research Council are spearheading this research.

The 80s Sightings

Reports of sightings in the Hessdalen valley started in late-1981. On December 1st, there were multiple reports of unusual sightings including a “bullet-shaped object,” a sphere, and various strange lights moving northward towards Trondheim. About six weeks later, on January 18th, 1982, another sighting described a strange light tilting slightly up and down as it moved.

A significant sighting occurred on February 11th when a skeptical journalist, Arne Wisth, witnessed the lights himself. Initially intending to write a dismissive piece about the sightings, Wisth changed his mind when he saw the phenomenon. He described a star-like object approaching rapidly with tremendous speed, growing larger and brighter as it came closer. The object then stopped, hovered briefly, and descended closer to the ground before disappearing. Although Wisth managed to capture a photograph, the object vanished before he could take another picture.

Wisth observed the lights again exactly one week later, on February 18th, this time with around thirty witnesses present. The lights pulsated and changed colors several times before disappearing. Approximately twenty minutes later, a long red-white luminous shape appeared, moving slower and closer to the ground between the Fjellbekkhogda and Finsahogda mountains.

Leif Havik, a well-known ufologist and writer in Norway, was among those who witnessed the initial sightings of lights over Hessdalen. During a four-day expedition starting on March 17th, he and his team encountered six separate incidents.

The first incident occurred shortly after 7:30 pm on the first evening. As they prepared to leave their transport and head to their base on Varhusvollan Mountain, Havik’s colleague, Lars Lillevold, suddenly exclaimed, “There it is!” They all observed an oblong object slowly passing in front of Finnsahogda Mountain. Despite their awe, they couldn’t unpack their cameras in time and proceeded to their mountain hut for the night. Shortly after their arrival at 8:39 pm, another luminous object passed over the valley, confirming the reality of the sightings.

The following evening, around the same time, the oblong-shaped object reappeared with a red light at the front and two white-yellow lights separated by a dark patch at the back. It flew low over the group for about forty-five seconds. Almost exactly twenty-four hours later, on March 19th, a “star” suddenly appeared in the night sky. Initially unsure if it was a star, the object then turned a warmer yellow-white color, growing in size as it followed the same route as the previous evenings.

Hessdalen Light Research

In 2018, the Hessdalen Observatory was set up atop a mountain, situated nearly 1,000 meters above sea level. It operates using solar panels and methanol fuel cells, allowing four researchers to work there throughout the year.

Even though scientists are studying the phenomenon, they still haven’t agreed on what causes it. Some think the lights might be mistaken sightings of things like stars, airplanes, or car lights.

One idea suggests that the lights could be caused by dust particles from mining in the area burning up in the air. This theory gained attention when researchers found certain elements in the air that are known for their ability to reflect light.

Another theory proposes that the lights form when certain types of crystals in the rocks of the valley create electricity under pressure.

In 2010, a different hypothesis suggested that the lights are created by a special kind of plasma made from charged particles in the air and dust. This could be caused by natural processes like radon decay.

Piezoelectricity and the Hessdalen Lights

In a study from 2011, Gerson Paiva and Carlton Taft proposed an explanation for the strange shapes seen at the center of the Hessdalen lights. They suggested that these lights form clusters due to interactions between different types of waves in the air. These clusters of light balls can shoot out at very high speeds, similar to what’s been observed. The central ball is white, while the ones that shoot out are green, likely because of certain types of ions in the air. These ions break apart more quickly than others, so only certain colors are seen.

Paiva and Taft also developed a model to explain the specific pattern of light seen in the Hessdalen lights. They suggested that the light behaves like thick gas, which affects how its spectrum looks. When the air is clear, the light shows a certain pattern. They also proposed that the shapes of the lights might be caused by rocks underground breaking apart quickly.

In 2014, Jader Monari introduced another theory, suggesting that the valley itself could act like a battery. In this model, the river and the sides of the valley play roles similar to the parts of a battery. Gas bubbles rising from the ground could become charged and create the Hessdalen lights.

Paranormal Theories about the Hessdalen Lights

The shape taken by the lights in this image could be imagined as reflective surfaces on a spacecraft.

UFO enthusiasts often find the Hessdalen lights intriguing and compelling evidence of extraterrestrial activity. Some believe that these lights could be manifestations of alien spacecraft or advanced technology from other worlds. They argue that the lights’ behavior, such as their sudden appearances, rapid movements, and unconventional shapes, are consistent with characteristics commonly attributed to UFO sightings.

Paranormal theories about the Hessdalen lights propose various supernatural explanations. Some suggest that the lights are manifestations of ghosts, spirits, or otherworldly entities. Others propose connections to ley lines, Earth’s energy grids, or mystical phenomena. These theories often draw upon folklore, pseudoscience, and speculative interpretations of the lights’ behavior to support their claims.

What do you think is causing the Hessdalen Lights? Tell us your theories in the comments.

If you enjoyed this article you might also be interested in Kristina Florence’s UFO Abduction or the 1994 Muskegon UFO Sightings.

Are you a paranormal investigator? Try our free spirit communication app

Continue Reading


Generated by Feedzy