During the Cold War, the United States and the USSR were under enormous pressure to win the space race. The Soviet Union was the first to land its spacecraft on the moon and, of course, the first to launch a satellite into space. The Luna 2 spacecraft became the first unmanned vehicle to land on the Moon on September 13, 1959.
In 1966, the USSR carried out the first successful landings and took the first photographs of the lunar surface during the Luna-9 and Luna-13 flights. The United States followed with five successful uncrewed landings on the Surveyor.
Moreover, the Soviet space probe Luna-16 returned to Earth with lunar soil containing evidence of alien life, which allowed scientists to answer many questions about the origin and evolution of the solar system.
On September 24, 1970, for the first time, an unmanned spacecraft delivered a sample of the lunar “soil” to Earth. The Soviet Union’s Luna-16 spacecraft returned from the lunar Sea of Fertility with 101 grams of lunar regolith in a hermetically sealed container.
In February 1972, just 120 kilometers from the Luna 16 landing site, Luna 20 used a drill with a 25 cm hollow bit to collect another regolith sample that was also hermetically sealed on the Moon.
In the USSR, hermetic containers obtained during the Luna flights were promptly delivered to the laboratory to study and photograph the contents.
But even after hundreds of images were published in an atlas in 1979, the biological nature of some of the particles went unnoticed.
Reference: “Luna-16” was created by the design group of NPO named after S.A. Lavochkin under the direction of Georgy Nikolaevich Babakin. On November 17, 1970, Soviet scientists prepared a report on the preliminary results of a study of the physical properties of the lunar soil.
On December 21, the order of the Minister of General Machine Building of the USSR was published, according to which bonuses were awarded to developers and manufacturers of ground-based space infrastructure facilities. (Documents relating to the USSR lunar program were made public in 2020)
Further study of the images was carried out by biologists from the Russian Academy of Sciences, Stanislav Zhmur, Institute of Lithosphere of the Marginal Seas, and Lyudmila Gerasimenko, Institute of Biology.
The scientists noted that some of the particles in the photographs were virtually identical to the fossils of known species on Earth. In particular, they noted some spherical particles of regolith, where the material brought back by Luna 20 was very similar to fossils of coccoid bacteria such as Siderococcus or Sulfolobus in scale, distribution, shape, and the distortion of the spheres that occurs during fossilization.
Organic fossils on the lunar surface
The regolith of Luna 16 contained a fossil whose striking morphology did not go unnoticed by the editors of the 1979 atlas. Because of its concentric round shape with strong spokes, they assumed it was a tiny meteorite crater.
But Zhmur and Gerasimenko saw an unmistakable similarity between the fossil and modern spiral filamentous microorganisms, such as Phormidium frigidum, found in growing stromatolites in Shark Bay, Australia, and with spiral filamentous microorganisms from the early Proterozoic shiungites of Karelia.
The results of their new analysis of these particles were published at the astrobiology conferences in Denver in 1994 and 1999.
At the same conference in Denver, Zhmur and Gerasimenko also announced the discovery of biological microfossils in several carbonaceous meteorites found far beyond the moon.
“We thought the fossils in the meteorites were their most interesting find.” Although no one disputed the biological nature of these microfossils, a negative stereotype for scientists was subsequently formed of the rejection of these facts by the scientific community.
In March 2000, at a conference on lunar and planetary sciences, held in Houston, it was announced that there were signs of contamination in all carbonaceous and Martian meteorites that were examined for its presence.
Because microorganisms on the ground and on human hands can easily colonize meteorites before they are examined, and because petrification can occur in as little as a few days, fossilized microorganisms in meteorites are now widely suspected as remnants of recent terrestrial contamination.
Microfossils from the Moon are different. Each sample from the Moon was encapsulated on the Moon and opened only in the laboratory, where they immediately began to study it.
These fossils are reliable evidence of the existence of ancient life in space, but for some reason, mainstream science refuses to admit it.
“Alien bases” may be hiding off the coast of Alaska, researchers say
An organization of civilian volunteers dedicated to the study of
unidentified flying objects (UFOs) has issued a statement based on
decades of studying eyewitness reports. According to Mutual UFO Network,
“alien bases” may be hiding off the coast of Alaska, reports the-sun.com.
say the deep waters in this region may hold something surprising. After
analyzing reports from the ship’s crew from 1945, they hypothesized
that alien objects could be lurking underwater, off the coast of the
Alleged sightings of alien spacecraft nearly 80 years ago
have become a key point in research. Members of the organization believe
that UFOs move over water and may have “bases.”
allege crew members on a U.S. Army transporter ship sailing past Island
Adak saw a massive UFO sized 150 to 200 feet emerge from the water.
Although these reports are nowhere to be found, UFO enthusiasts believe
the unidentified flying vehicles likely were used to commute to
different supposed alien bases hiding in the deep waters.
the “secret reports” of the sailors aren’t available, investigators
have taken it upon themselves to unravel the mystery surrounding the
unidentified flying objects and they believe the ocean has alien bases
that humans aren’t aware of.
Enthusiasts claim that UFOs may be
using “underwater networks” or wormholes as superhighways to travel
between points in the universe. UFO researcher Johnny Enoch added that
such objects could serve as a vehicle for aliens.
There are also
theories that other places on Earth could serve as bases for alien life.
A mountain in Seoul, South Korea is believed to be hiding a UFO,
according to Dr. Steven Greer.
An episode of the series “The
Alaska Triangle” features satellite imagery that claims to show one of
the “alien bases” in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California.
another researcher featured in the program showed markings from the sea
bed that she claimed could have been roadways for aliens.
the mysteries of the ocean remain unsolved, researchers continue their
search, trying to unravel the mystery of what may be hiding in the
depths of the waters off the coast of Alaska.
Enormous City-Size Comet Racing Towards Earth Grows ‘Devil Horns’ After Massive Eruption
A volcanic comet the size of a mid-sized US city has
violently exploded for the second time in four months as it continues
racing toward the earth. And following the massive eruption, the cloud
of ice and gas sprouted what looked like a pair of gigantic devil horns.
The city-sized comet, named 12P/Pons-Brooks, is a cryovolcanic — or
cold volcano — comet. It has a solid nucleus, with an estimated diameter
of 18.6 miles, and is filled with a mix of ice, dust and gas known as
cryomagma. The nucleus is surrounded by a fuzzy cloud of gas called a
coma, which leaks out of the comet’s interior.
When solar radiation heats the comet’s insides, the pressure builds up
and the comet violently explodes, ejaculating its ice-cold innards into
space through seeping cracks in the nucleus’s shell.
Live Science report:
On Oct. 5, astronomers detected a large outburst from 12P, after the
comet became dozens of times brighter due to the extra light reflecting
from its expanded coma, according to the British Astronomical Association (BAA), which has been closely monitoring the comet
Over the next few days, the comet’s coma expanded further and developed its “peculiar horns,” Spaceweather.com
reported. Some experts joked that the irregular shape of the coma also
makes the comet look like a science fiction spaceship, such as the
Millennium Falcon from Star Wars.
The unusual shape of the comet’s coma is likely due to an irregularity in the shape of 12P’s nucleus, Richard Miles, a BAA astronomer, told Live Science after the comet’s previous eruption.
The outflowing gas is likely being partially obstructed by a notch
sticking out on the nucleus, Miles said. As the gas continues to expand
away from the comet, the irregularity in the coma’s shape becomes more
defined and noticeable, he added.
12P is currently hurtling toward the inner solar system, where it
will be slingshotted around the sun on its highly elliptical 71-year
orbit around our home star — similar to the green comet Nishimura, which
pulled off a near-identical maneuver on Sept. 17.
12P will reach its closest point to Earth on April 21, 2024, when it
may become visible to the naked eye before being catapulted back toward
the outer solar system. It will not return until 2095.
This is the second time 12P has sprouted its horns this year. On July
20, astronomers witnessed the comet blow its top for the first time in
69 years (mainly due to its outbursts being less frequent and harder to
spot during the rest of its orbit). On that occasion, 12P’s coma grew to
around 143,000 miles (230,000 km), which is around 7,000 times wider
than the comet’s nucleus.
It is unclear how large the coma grew during the most recent
eruption, but there are signs the outburst was “twice as intense” as the
previous one, the BAA noted. By now, the coma has likely shrunk back to
near its normal size.
As 12P continues to race toward the sun, there is a high probability
that we will witness several more major eruptions. It is possible that
those eruptions will be even bigger than the most recent one as the
comet soaks up more solar radiation, according to Spaceweather.com.
But 12P is not the only volcanic comet that astronomers are currently
monitoring: 29P/Schwassmann-Wachmann (29P) — the most volatile volcanic
comet in the solar system — has also had several noticeable eruptions
in the last year.
In December 2022, 29P experienced its largest eruption in around 12 years, which sprayed around 1 million tons of cryomagma into space. And in April this year, for the first time ever, scientists accurately predicted one of 29P’s eruptions before it actually happened, thanks to a slight increase in the comet’s brightness in the lead-up to the icy explosion.
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