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Life on the moon existed, the USSR spacecraft returned to Earth with evidence in 1970

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During the Cold War, the United States and the USSR were under enormous pressure to win the space race. The Soviet Union was the first to land its spacecraft on the moon and, of course, the first to launch a satellite into space. The Luna 2 spacecraft became the first unmanned vehicle to land on the Moon on September 13, 1959.

In 1966, the USSR carried out the first successful landings and took the first photographs of the lunar surface during the Luna-9 and Luna-13 flights. The United States followed with five successful uncrewed landings on the Surveyor.

Moreover, the Soviet space probe Luna-16 returned to Earth with lunar soil containing evidence of alien life, which allowed scientists to answer many questions about the origin and evolution of the solar system.

On September 24, 1970, for the first time, an unmanned spacecraft delivered a sample of the lunar “soil” to Earth. The Soviet Union’s Luna-16 spacecraft returned from the lunar Sea of ​​Fertility with 101 grams of lunar regolith in a hermetically sealed container.

In February 1972, just 120 kilometers from the Luna 16 landing site, Luna 20 used a drill with a 25 cm hollow bit to collect another regolith sample that was also hermetically sealed on the Moon.

In the USSR, hermetic containers obtained during the Luna flights were promptly delivered to the laboratory to study and photograph the contents.

But even after hundreds of images were published in an atlas in 1979, the biological nature of some of the particles went unnoticed.

Reference: “Luna-16” was created by the design group of NPO named after S.A. Lavochkin under the direction of Georgy Nikolaevich Babakin. On November 17, 1970, Soviet scientists prepared a report on the preliminary results of a study of the physical properties of the lunar soil.

On December 21, the order of the Minister of General Machine Building of the USSR was published, according to which bonuses were awarded to developers and manufacturers of ground-based space infrastructure facilities. (Documents relating to the USSR lunar program were made public in 2020)

Further study of the images was carried out by biologists from the Russian Academy of Sciences, Stanislav Zhmur, Institute of Lithosphere of the Marginal Seas, and Lyudmila Gerasimenko, Institute of Biology.

The scientists noted that some of the particles in the photographs were virtually identical to the fossils of known species on Earth. In particular, they noted some spherical particles of regolith, where the material brought back by Luna 20 was very similar to fossils of coccoid bacteria such as Siderococcus or Sulfolobus in scale, distribution, shape, and the distortion of the spheres that occurs during fossilization.

Organic fossils on the lunar surface

The regolith of Luna 16 contained a fossil whose striking morphology did not go unnoticed by the editors of the 1979 atlas. Because of its concentric round shape with strong spokes, they assumed it was a tiny meteorite crater.

But Zhmur and Gerasimenko saw an unmistakable similarity between the fossil and modern spiral filamentous microorganisms, such as Phormidium frigidum, found in growing stromatolites in Shark Bay, Australia, and with spiral filamentous microorganisms from the early Proterozoic shiungites of Karelia.

The results of their new analysis of these particles were published at the astrobiology conferences in Denver in 1994 and 1999.

At the same conference in Denver, Zhmur and Gerasimenko also announced the discovery of biological microfossils in several carbonaceous meteorites found far beyond the moon.

“We thought the fossils in the meteorites were their most interesting find.” Although no one disputed the biological nature of these microfossils, a negative stereotype for scientists was subsequently formed of the rejection of these facts by the scientific community.

In March 2000, at a conference on lunar and planetary sciences, held in Houston, it was announced that there were signs of contamination in all carbonaceous and Martian meteorites that were examined for its presence.

Because microorganisms on the ground and on human hands can easily colonize meteorites before they are examined, and because petrification can occur in as little as a few days, fossilized microorganisms in meteorites are now widely suspected as remnants of recent terrestrial contamination.

Microfossils from the Moon are different. Each sample from the Moon was encapsulated on the Moon and opened only in the laboratory, where they immediately began to study it.

These fossils are reliable evidence of the existence of ancient life in space, but for some reason, mainstream science refuses to admit it.

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Alien space debris stuck in Earth’s orbit, researchers say

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Recently, a group of experts from Harvard University, led by physics
professor Avi Loeb, announced the possible presence of alien space
debris in Earth’s orbit, reports the Daily Star.

Leading
space research expert Professor Loeb is confident that the discovery of
such “interstellar objects could help expand our knowledge of possible
alien civilizations and technologies. A team of scientists is conducting
research to confirm that some of the objects in our orbit may be
connected to other star systems.

During an interview with Live
Science, Professor Loeb explained that these objects could enter the
solar system from interstellar space, defying Jupiter’s gravitational
pull and occupying limited orbits around the sun.

Some of them may
have technological origins similar to the probes sent by mankind into
interstellar space, such as Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, Pioneer 10 and 11
and New Horizons.

However,
despite these interesting assumptions, Professor Loeb did not specify
what specific objects he was talking about. In his research report, he
notes that there could be “a significant number” of potentially
detectable objects in Earth’s orbit.

To confirm their assumptions,
the team of scientists uses computer simulations and the Vera Rubin
Observatory (Chile) with a high-resolution camera of 3.2 billion pixels.
This will allow for regular observations of the Southern sky and the
possibility of detecting several captured objects about the size of a
football field.

It is assumed that these interstellar objects passed through the
boundaries of the solar system and may carry unique information about
other civilizations and their technologies. If we could confirm the
origin of these objects, the mysteries that open before us, this would
be a real breakthrough in space exploration.

Professor Loeb
expresses hope that the new research will not only help expand our
knowledge of extraterrestrial technologies, but may also lead to the
discovery of new alien civilizations . Answers to such questions can be
of global significance and influence our understanding of the place of
mankind in the Universe.

And
while there are still many questions and assumptions, the study by
Professor Loeb and his team opens a new chapter in space exploration.
Each new discovery can be the key to deciphering the mysteries of the
cosmos and the possibility of encountering alien life forms.

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Space

Betelgeuse is acting strange again

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Betelgeuse, a red giant on the brink of death, continues to show
unusual behavior. After the Great Blackout, which occurred in late 2019
and early 2020, the star became unusually bright. It is now the seventh
brightest star in the sky, while it normally ranks tenth. This has led
to speculation that Betelgeuse is preparing to explode in a
spectacularly large supernova.

However, scientists believe it’s too early to tell, and it’s likely
that this behavior is due to ongoing fluctuations after the Great
Blackout of 2019, and the star will return to normal within a decade.

Betelgeuse is one of the most interesting stars in the sky. It is
about 700 light-years from Earth and is a red giant in the last stage of
its life. It is also an unusual star for a red giant because it was
previously a monster blue-white O-type star, the most massive class of
stars.

Betelgeuse has changed its spectral type because it has almost
exhausted its hydrogen reserves. It now burns helium into carbon and
oxygen and has expanded to a gigantic size: about 764 times the size of
the Sun and about 16.5 to 19 times its mass.

Eventually it will run out of fuel to burn, become a supernova, eject
its outer material, and its core will collapse into a neutron star.

Before the Great Blackout, Betelgeuse also had periodic fluctuations
in brightness. The longest of these cycles is about 5.9 years and the
other is 400 days. But it seems that the Great Blackout caused changes
in these oscillations.

A new paper by astrophysicist Morgan McLeod of the
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics has shown that the 400-day
cycle appears to have been halved. This pulsational cycle is probably
caused by expansion and contraction within the star. According to
simulations carried out by MacLeod and his colleagues, the convective
flow inside Betelgeuse may have risen and become material that separates
from the star.

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