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Roman settlement discovered on the Palomba-Catenanuova route



Archaeologists have discovered a Roman settlement and cemetery during works on the Palomba-Catenanuova route in Sicily.

The Palomba-Catenanuova route is a rail link currently under modernisation to connect northern and eastern Sicily with the interior via high speed trains.

Excavations conducted by the engineering firm, Italferr, have revealed a large Roman settlement dating to the mid-1st and the 3rd century AD, and an extensive Roman necropolis.

The settlement is located on the summit of a hill overlooking the Dittaino river and is centred on a large villa complex (villa rustica) associated with agricultural activity. Excavations have unearthed a central room with three ambulatories, indicated by traces of collapsed roof material.

To the west of the settlement lies a large necropolis, where archaeologists have identified at least 168 burials. These burials indicate a highly stratified society, featuring monumental tombs and pit burials set within tile-constructed tombs.

One of the notable tombs is a bastum (mound grave) which contained funerary offerings of five necklaces, two gold rings, and a cinerary urn made from Carrara marble.

Image Credit : Italferr

The urn has an inscription dedicated to the “Magnus Magister Pecoris,” an official responsible for overseeing sheep breeding, along with another inscription mentioning a “dispensator” who gave the urn to the deceased.

A survey to the east of the settlement has also found evidence of possible cult activity, indicated by traces of burnt animal bones in alternating layers of burnt and alluvial deposits. This is supported by the discovery of oscilla masks, which were hung as offerings to various deities in connection with festivals and ceremonies.

Header Image Credit : Italferr

Sources : Italferr

This content was originally published on – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Elite Petén style structures found near Kohunlich




Construction works for a road in Section 7 of the Mayan Train have uncovered elite Petén style structures near Kohunlich in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico.

Kohunlich is a large Maya polity that served as a regional centre along the trade routes through the southern Yucatán.

The site was first settled around 200 BC, with the majority of its monuments being built between AD 250 to AD 600 during the Early Classic Period.

The city features elevated platforms, plazas, pyramids, and citadels, all enclosed by palace platforms. The layout of Kohunlich was carefully arranged to direct drainage into a network of cisterns and a massive reservoir for rainwater collection.

Construction works for a road on the periphery of Kohunlich have resulted in the discovery of elite structures in the Petén style, a distinct type of Maya architecture and inscription style.

Archaeologists have identified seven structures in total, interpreted to be elite homesteads of a domestic nature that were used for agricultural activities.

Most of the structures have a rectangular plan and vaulted rooms adorned with decorative Petén style elements.

Given their archaeological importance, experts from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) have registered the monuments for protection.

Consequently, the planned route of the road has been redirected to preserve the structures in situ, where they will be preserved and open to the public in the near future.

Excavations also unearthed various archaeological materials, including ceramics, shells, fragments of human bone, and objects intentionally buried as offerings likely during the construction of the homesteads for protection.

Header Image Credit : Maya Train

Sources : National Institute of Anthropology and History

This content was originally published on – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Gold foils discovered in Ancient Egyptian tombs




Archaeologists from the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities have discovered rare gold foils during excavations at Tel El-Dir.

Tel El-Dir is a burial complex in the area of Egypt’s Damietta Governorate. The site contains various burials and tombs from the 26th Dynasty (664 BC to 525 BC), the last native dynasty of ancient Egypt before the Persian conquest in 525 BC.

Excavations of 63 mud brick tombs and pit burials have revealed a large collection of funerary offerings, including rare gold foils depicting Ancient Egyptian deities, and foils shaped like symbols associated with good fortune and protection.

The team also found foils in the shape of tongues, a tradition that enabled the deceased to speak before the court of Osiris in the afterlife.

Image Credit : Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

The discovery follows on from a previous haul in 2022, where archaeologists excavating at Tel El-Dir found gold foils depicting Isis, Bastet and Horus (in the form of a winged falcon), as well as foils in various shapes.

According to a press statement from the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, many of the tombs contained funeral pyres, imported and local ceramics, and Ushabti statues (figurines placed with the deceased to serve them in the afterlife).

The excavation has also yielded a large number of funerary offerings, such as protective amulets, figurines, coins, and a mirror.

Speaking on the finds, the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities explained that the objects confirm that Damietta was a centre of trade during ancient times, and provides new insights into the burial practices during the 26th Dynasty.

Header Image Credit : Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

Sources : Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

This content was originally published on – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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