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Ancient temple complex discovered at Los Paredones

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Archaeologists from the Ministry of Culture (Peru) have discovered an ancient temple complex at Los Paredones near the city of Nazca, Peru.

Los Paredones was an Inca administrative centre from the reign of Topa Inca Yupanqui, the tenth Sapa Inca (AD 1471–93) of the Inca Empire, fifth of the Hanan dynasty.

The Inca constructed the settlement a short distance from Cahuachi, the ceremonial centre of the Nazca civilisation, and the world-famous Nazca lines in the Nazca Desert.

Excavations have revealed the remains of a temple complex from the Preclassic Era (also known as the Formative Period), with preliminary dating placing the complex to 5,000-years-ago.

The temple is defined by walls constructed using mudbrick, which contains a central staircase leading to a raised plaza in the centre.

Inside the temple interior, archaeologists found friezes adorned with anthropomorphic images, notably one depicting a human body with a bird’s head and reptile claws.

In the upper part of the complex, there is a wall adorned with fine plaster and a pictorial design featuring white, blue, and red pigments.

In a second excavation area, the researchers also found traces of ceremonial architecture dating from the late Moche period between AD 600 to 700. The Moche culture were a group of autonomous polities that shared a common culture, rather than a territorial area that formed a kingdom or empire.

This excavation uncovered a sizable stepped platform with buttresses, along with the skeletal remains of an infant who died at the age of 5 or 6 years old.

According to the Ministry of Culture (Peru): “These investigations seek to examine the appearance, evolution, and development of the ceremonial centre and elite cemetery of La Otra Banda and Úcupe, which were built and consolidated regionally between the Formative and Moche periods, in association with several other emerging centres in the Jequetepeque Valley and Lambayeque.”

Header Image Credit : DDC Lambayeque

Sources : Ministry of Culture

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Elite Petén style structures found near Kohunlich

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Construction works for a road in Section 7 of the Mayan Train have uncovered elite Petén style structures near Kohunlich in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico.

Kohunlich is a large Maya polity that served as a regional centre along the trade routes through the southern Yucatán.

The site was first settled around 200 BC, with the majority of its monuments being built between AD 250 to AD 600 during the Early Classic Period.

The city features elevated platforms, plazas, pyramids, and citadels, all enclosed by palace platforms. The layout of Kohunlich was carefully arranged to direct drainage into a network of cisterns and a massive reservoir for rainwater collection.

Construction works for a road on the periphery of Kohunlich have resulted in the discovery of elite structures in the Petén style, a distinct type of Maya architecture and inscription style.

Archaeologists have identified seven structures in total, interpreted to be elite homesteads of a domestic nature that were used for agricultural activities.

Most of the structures have a rectangular plan and vaulted rooms adorned with decorative Petén style elements.

Given their archaeological importance, experts from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) have registered the monuments for protection.

Consequently, the planned route of the road has been redirected to preserve the structures in situ, where they will be preserved and open to the public in the near future.

Excavations also unearthed various archaeological materials, including ceramics, shells, fragments of human bone, and objects intentionally buried as offerings likely during the construction of the homesteads for protection.

Header Image Credit : Maya Train

Sources : National Institute of Anthropology and History

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Gold foils discovered in Ancient Egyptian tombs

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Archaeologists from the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities have discovered rare gold foils during excavations at Tel El-Dir.

Tel El-Dir is a burial complex in the area of Egypt’s Damietta Governorate. The site contains various burials and tombs from the 26th Dynasty (664 BC to 525 BC), the last native dynasty of ancient Egypt before the Persian conquest in 525 BC.

Excavations of 63 mud brick tombs and pit burials have revealed a large collection of funerary offerings, including rare gold foils depicting Ancient Egyptian deities, and foils shaped like symbols associated with good fortune and protection.

The team also found foils in the shape of tongues, a tradition that enabled the deceased to speak before the court of Osiris in the afterlife.

Image Credit : Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

The discovery follows on from a previous haul in 2022, where archaeologists excavating at Tel El-Dir found gold foils depicting Isis, Bastet and Horus (in the form of a winged falcon), as well as foils in various shapes.

According to a press statement from the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, many of the tombs contained funeral pyres, imported and local ceramics, and Ushabti statues (figurines placed with the deceased to serve them in the afterlife).

The excavation has also yielded a large number of funerary offerings, such as protective amulets, figurines, coins, and a mirror.

Speaking on the finds, the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities explained that the objects confirm that Damietta was a centre of trade during ancient times, and provides new insights into the burial practices during the 26th Dynasty.

Header Image Credit : Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

Sources : Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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