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Celtic ritual lake discovered in Poland

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Archaeologists from the University of Warsaw have discovered a ritual lake associated with the Celtic peoples.

The Celts are groupings of Indo-Europeans who shared a common language, religious beliefs, traditions, and culture.

The nature of the relationships between the various groups remains unclear, and the term is now generally used to refer to “speakers of Celtic languages” rather than a single ethnic group in current scholarship.

The first recorded use of the term dates to the early 6th century BC, when the Greek geographer, Hecataeus of Miletus, refers to the people living near Massilia (modern Marseille) as the Κελτοί (Keltoi) in Ancient Greek.

“Celt” is actually a modern English name, introduced in the 1707 writings by Edward Lhuyd, who argued that the Brythonic language from Gaul and the Goidelic language from the Iberian Peninsula were of “Celtic” origin.

Archaeologists from the University of Warsaw recently announced the discovery of a ritual lake associated with the Celtic peoples in north-central Poland.

The discovery of the ritual site was the result of a previously uncovered 3rd century sword kept in the collection of the Land Forces Museum in Bydgoszcz. Researchers from the University of Warsaw contacted the finder, leading archaeologists to a lake somewhere in the historic Kuyavia region.

Excavations have unearthed sickles, fragments of iron sword sheaths, and several chain belts, which were ritually deposited in the lake during the 3rd century BC.

Bartosz Kontny, dean of the faculty of archaeology at the University of Warsaw, explained that the discovery is the first example of a ritual lake associated with the Celtic peoples found in Poland

“No one expected the Celts this far north back in the third century BC. Until now, it had been thought that Celtic settlements in present-day Poland reached the Kuyavia region only in the first century BC,” added Kontny.

Due to the significance of the discovery, the exact location of the lake is being kept confidential to prevent disturbance and illegal looting.

Header Image Credit : Miron Bogacki

Sources : PAP

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Elite Petén style structures found near Kohunlich

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Construction works for a road in Section 7 of the Mayan Train have uncovered elite Petén style structures near Kohunlich in the state of Quintana Roo, Mexico.

Kohunlich is a large Maya polity that served as a regional centre along the trade routes through the southern Yucatán.

The site was first settled around 200 BC, with the majority of its monuments being built between AD 250 to AD 600 during the Early Classic Period.

The city features elevated platforms, plazas, pyramids, and citadels, all enclosed by palace platforms. The layout of Kohunlich was carefully arranged to direct drainage into a network of cisterns and a massive reservoir for rainwater collection.

Construction works for a road on the periphery of Kohunlich have resulted in the discovery of elite structures in the Petén style, a distinct type of Maya architecture and inscription style.

Archaeologists have identified seven structures in total, interpreted to be elite homesteads of a domestic nature that were used for agricultural activities.

Most of the structures have a rectangular plan and vaulted rooms adorned with decorative Petén style elements.

Given their archaeological importance, experts from the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH) have registered the monuments for protection.

Consequently, the planned route of the road has been redirected to preserve the structures in situ, where they will be preserved and open to the public in the near future.

Excavations also unearthed various archaeological materials, including ceramics, shells, fragments of human bone, and objects intentionally buried as offerings likely during the construction of the homesteads for protection.

Header Image Credit : Maya Train

Sources : National Institute of Anthropology and History

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Gold foils discovered in Ancient Egyptian tombs

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Archaeologists from the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities have discovered rare gold foils during excavations at Tel El-Dir.

Tel El-Dir is a burial complex in the area of Egypt’s Damietta Governorate. The site contains various burials and tombs from the 26th Dynasty (664 BC to 525 BC), the last native dynasty of ancient Egypt before the Persian conquest in 525 BC.

Excavations of 63 mud brick tombs and pit burials have revealed a large collection of funerary offerings, including rare gold foils depicting Ancient Egyptian deities, and foils shaped like symbols associated with good fortune and protection.

The team also found foils in the shape of tongues, a tradition that enabled the deceased to speak before the court of Osiris in the afterlife.

Image Credit : Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

The discovery follows on from a previous haul in 2022, where archaeologists excavating at Tel El-Dir found gold foils depicting Isis, Bastet and Horus (in the form of a winged falcon), as well as foils in various shapes.

According to a press statement from the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities, many of the tombs contained funeral pyres, imported and local ceramics, and Ushabti statues (figurines placed with the deceased to serve them in the afterlife).

The excavation has also yielded a large number of funerary offerings, such as protective amulets, figurines, coins, and a mirror.

Speaking on the finds, the Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities explained that the objects confirm that Damietta was a centre of trade during ancient times, and provides new insights into the burial practices during the 26th Dynasty.

Header Image Credit : Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

Sources : Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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