Connect with us

Archaeology

Late medieval helmet found off Sicilian coast

Published

on

Underwater archaeologists from the University of Naples have recovered a late medieval helmet in the waters around the island of Vendicari.

Vendicari is a small uninhabited island on the southeastern coast of Sicily. The sole remnants of the islands human activity consist of the ruins of a tuna factory, which was built by Baron Modica Munafò in the 19th century.

A recent study to find evidence of the islands submerged cultural heritage has led to the discovery of a helmet at a depth of 5 metres beneath the water level.

The object was recovered by professors, Enzo Morra and Leopoldo Repola, from the University of Naples, which has since been delivered to the Superintendency of the Sea by the honorary inspector for submerged cultural heritage.

According to the researchers, the helmet has been identified as a cabasset, a type of helmet worn by infantry and light cavalry from the mid-sixteenth century through to the seventeenth century.

Image Credit : Salvo Emma

Cabasset is thought to have its origins in the Spanish word “cabeza” (head), though some references suggest a connection to the Italian dialect word for “pear,” alluding to the stem-like extension of the helmet, reminiscent of the fruit.

Archaeologists plan to conduct further studies in the area to determine whether the helmet is an isolated discovery or possibly in relation to the presence of a wreck site yet to be discovered.

The coastline opposite the island mainly consists of a nature reserve, however, to the north are the ruins of the Torre Sveva, a defensive tower from the 15th century which was constructed to defend a small port and associated warehouses for trade.

Header Image Credit : Salvo Emma

Sources : Superintendency of the Sea

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Archaeology

Archaeologists discover traces of Roman circus at Iruña-Veleia

Published

on

By

Archaeologists from ARKIKUS have announced the discovery of a Roman circus at Iruña-Veleia, a former Roman town in Hispania, now located in the province of Álava, Basque Autonomous Community, Spain.

The town was an important transit centre on the Ab Asturica Burdigalam (Roman road), with a peak population of around 10,000 inhabitants.

In a recent study using aerial photography and light detection and ranging (LiDAR), archaeologists have found a Roman circus and previously unknown urban areas of Iruña-Veleia.

A Roman circus was a large open-air venue used mainly for chariot races, although sometimes serving other purposes. Chariot racing was the most popular of many subsidised public entertainments, and was an essential component in several religious festivals.

Image Credit : Shutterstock

Chariot racing declined in significance in the Western Roman Empire following the fall of Rome, with the last known race held at the Circus Maximus in AD 549, organised by the Ostrogothic king, Totila.

According to a press statement by ARKIKUS, the circus is an elongated enclosure that accommodated up to 5,000 spectators, and measures 280 metres long by 72 metres wide.

Until now, only a handful of Roman circus’s are known in the northern half of the Iberian Peninsula, emphasising the importance of Iruña-Veleia during the Roman period.

The study also revealed a Roman street system, evidence of buildings with porticoed areas, and a linear feature indicating the route of the Ab Asturica Burdigalam.

Header Image Credit : ARKIKUS

Sources : ARKIKUS

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Archaeology

Archaeologists make new discoveries at Bodbury Ring hillfort

Published

on

By

Bodbury Ring is a univallate hillfort, strategically located at the southern tip of Bodbury Hill in Shropshire, England.

Hillforts in Britain are known from the Bronze Age, but the main period of hillfort construction occurred during the Celtic Iron Age.

Hillfort fortifications follow the contours of a hill and consist of one or more lines of earthworks or stone ramparts, with stockades or defensive walls, and external ditches.

Archaeologists from Time Team and the Universities of Chester and York, recently conducted a study of Bodbury Ring using light detection and ranging (LiDAR).

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) is a remote sensing technique that employs pulsed laser light to measure distances to the Earth. By analysing variations in the return times and wavelengths of the laser pulses, this method can generate a detailed 3-D digital map of the landscape.

The study has revealed that Bodbury Ring is six times larger than previously thought and is part of a much larger hillfort which enclosed the entirety of the ridgetop on Bodbury Hill. This larger hillfort shares some characteristics with examples known to have originated in the Late Bronze Age.

Professor Ainsworth from Time Team said: “The earthworks of Bodbury Ring, it seems, were constructed to form a small, more easily defended fort at the southern tip of the original hillfort, possibly in the Middle Iron Age.”

“This prehistoric ‘downsizing’ may have resulted from increased tension in the region, reflecting possible changes in the geopolitical landscape of the times. Close by, on the northern side of Bodbury Hill, the remains of a probable Roman Iron Age enclosed settlement have also been identified for the first time,” added Professor Ainsworth.

Header Image Credit : University of Chester

Sources : University of Chester

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Trending

Generated by Feedzy