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Figurine funerary offerings found in child jar burials at Tenedos

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Archaeologists from the Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University’s Archaeology Department have uncovered figurines in a necropolis on the Turkish island of Tenedos.

During antiquity, Tenedos was an island polis first mentioned in Homer’s Iliad (written in the 8th century BC) and later in Virgil’s Aeneid (written in the 1st century BC).

The earliest occupation dates from the Early Bronze Age II, with traces of settlement by the Ancient Greeks due to its strategic location at the entrance of the Dardanelles.

Over the following centuries, the island fell under the control of various regional powers, such as the Persian Empire, the Delian League, Alexander the Great’s empire, the Attalid kingdom, the Roman Empire and its successor, the Byzantine Empire, before eventually passing to the Republic of Venice.

Recent excavations in the island’s Bozcaada district of Çanakkale have uncovered child burials placed in jar graves, a tradition likely influenced by pre-archaic adult jar burials from the island of Lesbos.

Accompanying the child burials are figurines and funerary offerings, with some displaying Dionysiac themes linked to the worship of Dionysus. Among them, two figurines portray dancers adorned with Phrygian headdresses, while one depicts a woman playing a lyre.

Excavations also found six terracotta figurines and a horse-foot-shaped bronze pin placed as funerary offerings for the dead.

Ömer Can Yıldırım, the deputy head of the excavations, told Hürriyet Daily News: “In the necropolis area, we identified an area previously unknown in the archaeological literature and limited as a children’s burial area. The structure we define as a Pithos grave, one of the graves found in this area, has the feature of a ‘pithos within a pithos,’ which was previously unknown in archaeological data.”

Header Image Credit: IHA

Sources : Hürriyet Daily News

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Archaeologists discover traces of Roman circus at Iruña-Veleia

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Archaeologists from ARKIKUS have announced the discovery of a Roman circus at Iruña-Veleia, a former Roman town in Hispania, now located in the province of Álava, Basque Autonomous Community, Spain.

The town was an important transit centre on the Ab Asturica Burdigalam (Roman road), with a peak population of around 10,000 inhabitants.

In a recent study using aerial photography and light detection and ranging (LiDAR), archaeologists have found a Roman circus and previously unknown urban areas of Iruña-Veleia.

A Roman circus was a large open-air venue used mainly for chariot races, although sometimes serving other purposes. Chariot racing was the most popular of many subsidised public entertainments, and was an essential component in several religious festivals.

Image Credit : Shutterstock

Chariot racing declined in significance in the Western Roman Empire following the fall of Rome, with the last known race held at the Circus Maximus in AD 549, organised by the Ostrogothic king, Totila.

According to a press statement by ARKIKUS, the circus is an elongated enclosure that accommodated up to 5,000 spectators, and measures 280 metres long by 72 metres wide.

Until now, only a handful of Roman circus’s are known in the northern half of the Iberian Peninsula, emphasising the importance of Iruña-Veleia during the Roman period.

The study also revealed a Roman street system, evidence of buildings with porticoed areas, and a linear feature indicating the route of the Ab Asturica Burdigalam.

Header Image Credit : ARKIKUS

Sources : ARKIKUS

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Archaeologists make new discoveries at Bodbury Ring hillfort

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Bodbury Ring is a univallate hillfort, strategically located at the southern tip of Bodbury Hill in Shropshire, England.

Hillforts in Britain are known from the Bronze Age, but the main period of hillfort construction occurred during the Celtic Iron Age.

Hillfort fortifications follow the contours of a hill and consist of one or more lines of earthworks or stone ramparts, with stockades or defensive walls, and external ditches.

Archaeologists from Time Team and the Universities of Chester and York, recently conducted a study of Bodbury Ring using light detection and ranging (LiDAR).

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) is a remote sensing technique that employs pulsed laser light to measure distances to the Earth. By analysing variations in the return times and wavelengths of the laser pulses, this method can generate a detailed 3-D digital map of the landscape.

The study has revealed that Bodbury Ring is six times larger than previously thought and is part of a much larger hillfort which enclosed the entirety of the ridgetop on Bodbury Hill. This larger hillfort shares some characteristics with examples known to have originated in the Late Bronze Age.

Professor Ainsworth from Time Team said: “The earthworks of Bodbury Ring, it seems, were constructed to form a small, more easily defended fort at the southern tip of the original hillfort, possibly in the Middle Iron Age.”

“This prehistoric ‘downsizing’ may have resulted from increased tension in the region, reflecting possible changes in the geopolitical landscape of the times. Close by, on the northern side of Bodbury Hill, the remains of a probable Roman Iron Age enclosed settlement have also been identified for the first time,” added Professor Ainsworth.

Header Image Credit : University of Chester

Sources : University of Chester

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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