Connect with us

Archaeology

Legionary fortress of the Legio VI Ferrata found in Israel

Published

on

Archaeologists from the Israel Antiquities Authority have announced the discovery of a military fortress garrisoned by the Legio VI Ferrata (“Sixth Ironclad Legion”), also known as the Fidelis Constans, meaning “loyal and steadfast”.

The Legio VI Ferrata was first raised by Julius Caesar during his campaign in Gaul, and would go on to accompany Caesar when he travelled to Alexandria to settle the dispute between Cleopatra and Ptolemy XIII.

Excavations at the foot of Tel Megiddo have revealed a 1,800-year-old fortress consisting of the Via Pretoria (main central road within a camp or fortress) and part of a monumental building with a semicircular-shaped podium and stone-paved areas.

Dr. Yotam from the IAA, said: “Two main roads intersected at the centre of the 550 m long and 350 m wide camp. It was from this base point that all the distances along the Roman Imperial roads to the main cities in the north of the country were measured and marked with milestones.”

According to the archaeologists, the fortress was the permanent military base for the the Legio VI Ferrata, housing over 5,000 Roman soldiers who were garrisoned from AD 117 to 300.

Image Credit: IAA

Roman military encampments are widely documented in Israel, however, they primarily consist of temporary siege camps or smaller encampments associated with auxiliary divisions. However, according to Dr. Tepper from the IAA, the discovery at Tel Megiddo is a complex legionary fortress, one of the first examples of its kind used for permanent occupation.

Excavations also uncovered a variety of artefacts, both military and domestic, including: coins, weapon fragments, pottery shards, glass fragments, and a large quantity of roof tiles.

“The roof tiles, some of which were stamped with the Legio VI Ferrata stamps, were used for roofing buildings, paving floors, and coating walls. The technology and building techniques, and the weapons that the Legion brought with them reflect the specific Roman Imperial military footprints,” added Dr Tepper.

Header Image Credit: IAA

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Archaeology

Study reveals new insights into life at “German Stonehenge”

Published

on

By

Excavations of the Ringheiligtum Pömmelte, nicknamed the “German Stonehenge”, has revealed new insights into domestic life from prehistory.

Ringheiligtum Pömmelte is a late Neolithic/Early Bronze Age henge from the late third millennium BC. The monument features seven concentric rings made of palisades, ditches, and raised banks, each containing a series of wooden posts.

The site was discovered in 1991 through aerial photography near the present-day village of Pömmelte in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.

From 2018 to 2022, archaeologists have excavated nearly 140 ancient dwellings dating from 2,800 BC to 2,200 BC. The older dwellings are linked to the Corded Ware and the Bell Beaker culture, while the more recent ones are associated with the Únětice Culture.

In a recent study conducted by the State Office for Monument Preservation and Archaeology (LDA) of Saxony-Anhalt, archaeologists are employing various scientific methods to offer new insights into the site’s ritual and settlement landscape.

The study has identified house locations of the Corded Ware culture (26th to 23rd century BC), and an associated settlement pit containing ceramic sherds, an axe head and flint blades. Until now, Corded Ware settlement could only be attributed to individual finds that had been relocated, and not to actual structures on the site.

Also associated with the Corded Ware culture is a storage area with 78 grain silo pits that held various types of gain, including wheat, barley, and spelt. Archaeologists already know that Corded Ware people lived on a balanced diet with animal products, further indicated by drinking vessels from burials at Ringheiligtum Pömmelte that contained traces of dairy products.

While the scientific analyses and the interpretation of the results with various specialists continue, excavations at Pömmelte will last until mid-July 2024.

Header Image Credit : Shutterstock

Sources : State Office for Monument Preservation and Archaeology Saxony-Anhalt

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Archaeology

3,400-year-old shipwreck found with cargo mostly intact

Published

on

By

Archaeologists from the Israel Antiquities Authority Marine Unit have discovered a 3,400-year-old shipwreck with the cargo mostly intact.

The site was first identified during an underwater survey by Energean, an energy company searching for natural gas deposits beneath the Mediterranean Sea Floor.

This led to the discovery of the shipwreck and its cargo at a depth of 1.8 kilometers, along with its cargo that consists of Late Bronze Age Canaanite storage vessels.

IAA archaeologists, in collaboration with Energean, have used the deep sea exploratory vessel, “Energean Star” to conduct a visual inspection of the wreck site. This has revealed hundreds of ceramic vessels on the seabed, and a muddy layer which likely conceals a second layer and the wooden beams of the ship.

Jacob Sharvit, Head of the Israel Antiquities Authority Marine Unit, explains, “The ship seems to have sunk in crisis, either due to a storm or to an attempted piracy attack – a well-known occurrence in the Late Bronze Age. This is both the first and the oldest ship found in the Eastern Mediterranean deep sea, ninety kilometres from the nearest shore.”

Image Credit : IAA

Only two other ships from this period have been found – the boat from Cape Gelidonya and the Uluburun boat; both found off the Turkish coast. Both ships were found near the shore, suggesting that shipping routes followed the coastline between ports. However, this new discovery changes the understanding of ancient marine trade, demonstrating that ancient shipping also extended into deep waters.

“The ship is preserved at such a great depth that time has frozen since the moment of disaster – its body and contexts have not been disturbed by human hand (divers, fishermen, etc.); nor affected by waves and currents which do impact shipwrecks in shallower waters,” added Sharvit.

Header Image Credit : IAA

Sources : Israel Antiquities Authority

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Trending

Generated by Feedzy