Connect with us

Archaeology

Avar warrior found buried with lamellar armour

Published

on

Archaeologists from the Déri Museum have announced the discovery of an Avar warrior buried with a complete set of lamellar armour.

The discovery was made near the village of Ebes, located in Hajdú-Bihar county, Hungary.

According to the researchers, the burial dates from the early 7th century AD and contains the skeletal remains of a Pannonian Avar warrior.

The Pannonian Avars were an alliance of several groups of Eurasian nomads that established the Avar Khaganate, spanning the Pannonian Basin and large areas of Central and Eastern Europe.

The Avars gained prominence primarily through their invasions and destructive campaigns in the Avar–Byzantine wars spanning from AD 568 to 626. Additionally, they played a significant role in influencing the Slavic migrations to Southeastern Europe.

Excavations also revealed a complete set of lamellar armour, a type of body armour made from small rectangular plates known as lamellae. The lamellae are punched and laced together to form horizontal overlapping rows or bands.

Image Credit : Déri Museum

The armour was found as a funerary deposit placed above the deceased warrior, along with a wooden quiver and arrows, a bow, and a sword. The warrior’s remains and the assemblage of objects were removed as a singular block to conduct micro-excavations.

The importance of the lamellar armor was emphasised by Déri Museum, suggesting that the funerary offerings indicate that the warrior held a considerable high status. The finding also represents the second only complete example of armour discovered in the country.

The burial site also included the remains of a horse, a customary Avar tradition that frequently involved the sacrificial placement of horses as they were considered to possess supernatural powers.

Header Image Credit : Déri Museum

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Archaeology

Researchers find that Żagań-Lutnia5 is an Iron Age stronghold

Published

on

By

Archaeologists have conducted a ground penetrating radar (GPR) survey of Żagań-Lutnia5, revealing that the monument is an Iron Age stronghold.

Żagań-Lutnia5 was first discovered in the 1960s near the town of Żagań in western Poland, with previous studies suggesting that the monument could be associated with the Białowieża group of the Lusatian urnfield culture.

The Lusatian culture existed in the later Bronze Age and early Iron Age (1300–500 BC) in most of what is now Poland. It formed part of the Urnfield systems found from eastern France, southern Germany and Austria to Hungary, and the Nordic Bronze Age in northwestern Germany and Scandinavia.

A recent study led by Dr. Arkadiusz Michalak on behalf of the Archaeological Museum of the Middle Oder River has revealed two parallel sequences of magnetic anomalies at Żagań-Lutnia5 that represent the remnants of earthen and wooden fortifications.

The course of the fortifications were recorded in the northern, western and southern parts of the study area, however, a study of the eastern section was limited due to a sewage collector built in the 1990’s.

Exploratory excavations found four cultural layers with remains of huts and hearths, in addition to a burnt layer from the last phase of occupation that suggests a period of conflict.

According to the researchers, the monument was likely built by the same people who constructed the stronghold in Wicin and a number of verified defensive settlements within the area of the Elbe, Nysa Łużycka and Odra.

As a result of the study, Żagań-Lutnia5 has been added to the catalogue of verified Early Iron Age strongholds located in today’s Lubusz Voivodeship.

Header Image Credit : Provincial Office for the Protection of Monuments

Sources : Provincial Office for the Protection of Monuments – Archaeological research at the site of Żagań-Lutnia5

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Archaeology

Rare copper dagger found in Polish forest

Published

on

By

A rare copper dagger from over 4,000-years-ago has been discovered in the forests near Korzenica, southeastern Poland.

Piotr Gorlach from the Historical and Exploration Association Grupa Jarosław made the discovery during a metal detector survey in Jarosław Forest.

Upon realising the significance of the find, Mr Gorlach contacted the Podkarpacie conservator of monuments in Przemyśl and the Orsetti House Museum.

The dagger dates from over 4,000 years ago, a period in which objects made from copper were extremely rare in the Central European Plain.

A preliminary study indicates that the dagger may originate from the Carpathian Basin or Ukrainian steppe, and predates the development of bronze metallurgy for the region.

This transition is traditionally known as the Copper Age and marked a gradual incorporation of copper while stone remained the primary resource utilised.

Dr. Elżbieta Sieradzka-Burghardt from the museum in Jarosław, said: “This is a period of enormous change in the main raw materials for the production of tools. Instead of flint tools commonly used in the Stone Age, more and more metal products appear heralding the transition to the next period – the Bronze Age.”

Daggers during this era were a universal attribute of warriors, however, being made from copper suggests that the owner held a high social status. This is further supported by its size measuring 10.5 cm in length, which for this period is actually very large when compared to other metal objects from the same era.

The dagger has already been added to the collection of the Orsetti House Museum in Jarosław.

Header Image Credit : Łukasz Śliwiński

Sources : PAP – A dagger from over 4,000 years ago found in the forest.

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Trending

Generated by Feedzy