Connect with us

Archaeology

“Barbarian” assemblage of weapons discovered in Hrubieszów State Forests

Published

on

The Lublin Provincial Monuments Conservator has announced the discovery of an assemblage of “Barbarian” weaponry in the State Forests in the Hrubieszów region of Poland.

According to the announcement, the assemblage dates to the Roman period and may be associated with the Przeworsk culture, an Iron Age people that emerged in the upper Oder and Vistula basins during the 3rd century BC, and continued to inhabit central and southern Poland until the 5th century AD.

The culture’s decline in the late 5th century coincides with the invasion of the Huns and the social crisis that occurred as a result of the collapse of the Roman world.

Most of the metal objects are made from corroded iron and were found at one discovery site in a shallow context. Archaeologists have so far identified two iron battle axes, two iron chisels, a dozen iron spear heads, and one blade axe likely used in carpentry.

Image Credit : Lubelski Wojewódzki Konserwator Zabytków

“The number of artefacts, their nature, method of deposit, and state of their preservation, exclude the possibility of a cemetery or a single burial, as no bones or fragments of pottery were found to indicate a grave pit”, said the Lublin Provincial Monuments Conservator on social media.

“We are most likely dealing with weapons used by barbaric tribes during the Roman period”, also noting that previous excavations in the vicinity have uncovered a Przeworsk warrior burial at Horodło.

Alternative hypotheses propose a potential connection of the assemblage with Gothic cultures or the Vandals. However, without a thorough investigation, the precise nature of the discovery and its chronological and cultural affiliation remains speculative at present.

Archaeologists plan to return to the discovery site in Spring to conduct a thorough archaeological inspection.

Header Image Credit : Lubelski Wojewódzki Konserwator Zabytków

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Archaeology

Researchers find that Żagań-Lutnia5 is an Iron Age stronghold

Published

on

By

Archaeologists have conducted a ground penetrating radar (GPR) survey of Żagań-Lutnia5, revealing that the monument is an Iron Age stronghold.

Żagań-Lutnia5 was first discovered in the 1960s near the town of Żagań in western Poland, with previous studies suggesting that the monument could be associated with the Białowieża group of the Lusatian urnfield culture.

The Lusatian culture existed in the later Bronze Age and early Iron Age (1300–500 BC) in most of what is now Poland. It formed part of the Urnfield systems found from eastern France, southern Germany and Austria to Hungary, and the Nordic Bronze Age in northwestern Germany and Scandinavia.

A recent study led by Dr. Arkadiusz Michalak on behalf of the Archaeological Museum of the Middle Oder River has revealed two parallel sequences of magnetic anomalies at Żagań-Lutnia5 that represent the remnants of earthen and wooden fortifications.

The course of the fortifications were recorded in the northern, western and southern parts of the study area, however, a study of the eastern section was limited due to a sewage collector built in the 1990’s.

Exploratory excavations found four cultural layers with remains of huts and hearths, in addition to a burnt layer from the last phase of occupation that suggests a period of conflict.

According to the researchers, the monument was likely built by the same people who constructed the stronghold in Wicin and a number of verified defensive settlements within the area of the Elbe, Nysa Łużycka and Odra.

As a result of the study, Żagań-Lutnia5 has been added to the catalogue of verified Early Iron Age strongholds located in today’s Lubusz Voivodeship.

Header Image Credit : Provincial Office for the Protection of Monuments

Sources : Provincial Office for the Protection of Monuments – Archaeological research at the site of Żagań-Lutnia5

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Archaeology

Rare copper dagger found in Polish forest

Published

on

By

A rare copper dagger from over 4,000-years-ago has been discovered in the forests near Korzenica, southeastern Poland.

Piotr Gorlach from the Historical and Exploration Association Grupa Jarosław made the discovery during a metal detector survey in Jarosław Forest.

Upon realising the significance of the find, Mr Gorlach contacted the Podkarpacie conservator of monuments in Przemyśl and the Orsetti House Museum.

The dagger dates from over 4,000 years ago, a period in which objects made from copper were extremely rare in the Central European Plain.

A preliminary study indicates that the dagger may originate from the Carpathian Basin or Ukrainian steppe, and predates the development of bronze metallurgy for the region.

This transition is traditionally known as the Copper Age and marked a gradual incorporation of copper while stone remained the primary resource utilised.

Dr. Elżbieta Sieradzka-Burghardt from the museum in Jarosław, said: “This is a period of enormous change in the main raw materials for the production of tools. Instead of flint tools commonly used in the Stone Age, more and more metal products appear heralding the transition to the next period – the Bronze Age.”

Daggers during this era were a universal attribute of warriors, however, being made from copper suggests that the owner held a high social status. This is further supported by its size measuring 10.5 cm in length, which for this period is actually very large when compared to other metal objects from the same era.

The dagger has already been added to the collection of the Orsetti House Museum in Jarosław.

Header Image Credit : Łukasz Śliwiński

Sources : PAP – A dagger from over 4,000 years ago found in the forest.

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Trending

Generated by Feedzy