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Cult complex from Western Göktürk period rewrites Kazakhstan history

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Archaeologists have announced the discovery of a Göktürk period cult complex in the Tarbagatay district of Kazakhstan’s Eastern Kazakhstan region.

The discovery was made in 2021, with the results of the excavation only now being announced to Kazakhstan media outlets.

The complex dates from the Western Göktürk period (6th to 8th century AD), when the region was inhabited by a nomadic confederation of Turkic peoples.

Professor Dr. Zainolla Samashev told TRT HABER: “After the United Göktürk Khaganate was divided into two, the state called the Great Turkic Khaganate was established in the area of Western Turkestan. In this political unification, not only the steppe tribes, but also the settled communities in the Sogdian and Khwarezm regions were included. In this sense, the Western Göktürk State was a very rich political country in terms of culture and socio-economics.”

According to the researchers, the site is the first example of a Turkic Khaganate cult complex discovered outside of Mongolia, offering new insights into pre-Islamic Turkic Art and the cultural practices of the Western Göktürk people.

The complex was likely built in dedication to one of the Western Göktürk khans and housed a large mausoleum, a temple, a ceremonial pathway, dozens of small and medium-sized kurgans, and further structures in the eastern zone of the excavation site.

Also uncovered is a statue made of granite depicting a Gokturk Khagan or Yabgu sitting cross-legged, and a belt buckle made of gold plate with an image of the Göktürk Khagan sitting on his throne and holding a crown and goblet.

Professor Dr. Samashev stressed the significance of the uncovered ornamentation as a literary legacy linked to Turkic peoples, emphasizing its importance in this context. The buckle indicates the reputed lineage to the Ashina clan, which rose to prominence in the mid-6th century AD when the leader, Bumin Qaghan, revolted against the Rouran Khaganate and formed the first First Turkic Khaganate.

Header Image Credit : TRT HABER

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Researchers find that Żagań-Lutnia5 is an Iron Age stronghold

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Archaeologists have conducted a ground penetrating radar (GPR) survey of Żagań-Lutnia5, revealing that the monument is an Iron Age stronghold.

Żagań-Lutnia5 was first discovered in the 1960s near the town of Żagań in western Poland, with previous studies suggesting that the monument could be associated with the Białowieża group of the Lusatian urnfield culture.

The Lusatian culture existed in the later Bronze Age and early Iron Age (1300–500 BC) in most of what is now Poland. It formed part of the Urnfield systems found from eastern France, southern Germany and Austria to Hungary, and the Nordic Bronze Age in northwestern Germany and Scandinavia.

A recent study led by Dr. Arkadiusz Michalak on behalf of the Archaeological Museum of the Middle Oder River has revealed two parallel sequences of magnetic anomalies at Żagań-Lutnia5 that represent the remnants of earthen and wooden fortifications.

The course of the fortifications were recorded in the northern, western and southern parts of the study area, however, a study of the eastern section was limited due to a sewage collector built in the 1990’s.

Exploratory excavations found four cultural layers with remains of huts and hearths, in addition to a burnt layer from the last phase of occupation that suggests a period of conflict.

According to the researchers, the monument was likely built by the same people who constructed the stronghold in Wicin and a number of verified defensive settlements within the area of the Elbe, Nysa Łużycka and Odra.

As a result of the study, Żagań-Lutnia5 has been added to the catalogue of verified Early Iron Age strongholds located in today’s Lubusz Voivodeship.

Header Image Credit : Provincial Office for the Protection of Monuments

Sources : Provincial Office for the Protection of Monuments – Archaeological research at the site of Żagań-Lutnia5

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Rare copper dagger found in Polish forest

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A rare copper dagger from over 4,000-years-ago has been discovered in the forests near Korzenica, southeastern Poland.

Piotr Gorlach from the Historical and Exploration Association Grupa Jarosław made the discovery during a metal detector survey in Jarosław Forest.

Upon realising the significance of the find, Mr Gorlach contacted the Podkarpacie conservator of monuments in Przemyśl and the Orsetti House Museum.

The dagger dates from over 4,000 years ago, a period in which objects made from copper were extremely rare in the Central European Plain.

A preliminary study indicates that the dagger may originate from the Carpathian Basin or Ukrainian steppe, and predates the development of bronze metallurgy for the region.

This transition is traditionally known as the Copper Age and marked a gradual incorporation of copper while stone remained the primary resource utilised.

Dr. Elżbieta Sieradzka-Burghardt from the museum in Jarosław, said: “This is a period of enormous change in the main raw materials for the production of tools. Instead of flint tools commonly used in the Stone Age, more and more metal products appear heralding the transition to the next period – the Bronze Age.”

Daggers during this era were a universal attribute of warriors, however, being made from copper suggests that the owner held a high social status. This is further supported by its size measuring 10.5 cm in length, which for this period is actually very large when compared to other metal objects from the same era.

The dagger has already been added to the collection of the Orsetti House Museum in Jarosław.

Header Image Credit : Łukasz Śliwiński

Sources : PAP – A dagger from over 4,000 years ago found in the forest.

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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