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Archaeologists discover feline and anthropomorphic geoglyphs in Ica

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A team of archaeologists from the San Luis Gonzaga National University of Ica (Unica) have discovered 29 geoglyphs in the Ica region of Southern Peru.

The discovery was made in the districts of El Ingenio and Changuillo, where the team identified 29 geoglyphs that depict feline and anthropomorphic figures.

According to the researchers, the geoglyphs date from between 300 BC to AD 100, corresponding with the late Paracas period and early Nasca period.

The Paracas was an Andean culture that merged around 800 BC. Many geoglyphs in the region have been associated with the Paracas, including the Palpa Geoglyphs in the area around the present-day town of Palpa, and the Paracas Candelabra found on the northern face of the Paracas Peninsula at Pisco Bay.

It is believed that the Paracas culture was the precursor to the Nasca culture that emerged around 100 BC. While many Nasca geoglyphs represent various living creatures, such as stylised hummingbirds, spiders, monkeys, fish, sharks, orcas, lizards, and plants etched onto the flat desert terrain, the Paracas Geoglyphs are comparatively more enigmatic. They feature motifs depictions reminiscent of Paracas petroglyphs, along with ambiguous human-like figures or warriors.

A recent study using drones in the Ica region has identified 10 geoglyphs in the El Ingenio District that feature feline figures measuring up to 17 metres long by 12 metres tall, while in the Changuillo District, the team found 8 geoglyphs depicting feline figures measuring up to 37 metres long by 13 metres tall.

The remainder of the geoglyphs identified show anthropomorphic figures, 10 of which were found in the El Ingenio District, while 1 anthropomorphic figure was found in the Changuillo District.

According to the researchers, the Paracas regarded felines as a water deity and linked them closely with concepts of fertility.

Header Image Credit : Genry Bautista

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Archaeologists discover traces of Roman circus at Iruña-Veleia

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Archaeologists from ARKIKUS have announced the discovery of a Roman circus at Iruña-Veleia, a former Roman town in Hispania, now located in the province of Álava, Basque Autonomous Community, Spain.

The town was an important transit centre on the Ab Asturica Burdigalam (Roman road), with a peak population of around 10,000 inhabitants.

In a recent study using aerial photography and light detection and ranging (LiDAR), archaeologists have found a Roman circus and previously unknown urban areas of Iruña-Veleia.

A Roman circus was a large open-air venue used mainly for chariot races, although sometimes serving other purposes. Chariot racing was the most popular of many subsidised public entertainments, and was an essential component in several religious festivals.

Image Credit : Shutterstock

Chariot racing declined in significance in the Western Roman Empire following the fall of Rome, with the last known race held at the Circus Maximus in AD 549, organised by the Ostrogothic king, Totila.

According to a press statement by ARKIKUS, the circus is an elongated enclosure that accommodated up to 5,000 spectators, and measures 280 metres long by 72 metres wide.

Until now, only a handful of Roman circus’s are known in the northern half of the Iberian Peninsula, emphasising the importance of Iruña-Veleia during the Roman period.

The study also revealed a Roman street system, evidence of buildings with porticoed areas, and a linear feature indicating the route of the Ab Asturica Burdigalam.

Header Image Credit : ARKIKUS

Sources : ARKIKUS

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Archaeologists make new discoveries at Bodbury Ring hillfort

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Bodbury Ring is a univallate hillfort, strategically located at the southern tip of Bodbury Hill in Shropshire, England.

Hillforts in Britain are known from the Bronze Age, but the main period of hillfort construction occurred during the Celtic Iron Age.

Hillfort fortifications follow the contours of a hill and consist of one or more lines of earthworks or stone ramparts, with stockades or defensive walls, and external ditches.

Archaeologists from Time Team and the Universities of Chester and York, recently conducted a study of Bodbury Ring using light detection and ranging (LiDAR).

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) is a remote sensing technique that employs pulsed laser light to measure distances to the Earth. By analysing variations in the return times and wavelengths of the laser pulses, this method can generate a detailed 3-D digital map of the landscape.

The study has revealed that Bodbury Ring is six times larger than previously thought and is part of a much larger hillfort which enclosed the entirety of the ridgetop on Bodbury Hill. This larger hillfort shares some characteristics with examples known to have originated in the Late Bronze Age.

Professor Ainsworth from Time Team said: “The earthworks of Bodbury Ring, it seems, were constructed to form a small, more easily defended fort at the southern tip of the original hillfort, possibly in the Middle Iron Age.”

“This prehistoric ‘downsizing’ may have resulted from increased tension in the region, reflecting possible changes in the geopolitical landscape of the times. Close by, on the northern side of Bodbury Hill, the remains of a probable Roman Iron Age enclosed settlement have also been identified for the first time,” added Professor Ainsworth.

Header Image Credit : University of Chester

Sources : University of Chester

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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