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Archaeologists find a Wari archaeological complex in Peru

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A team of archaeologists from the Autonomous University of Barcelona and the University of Almeria have uncovered a large complex from the Wari civilisation at El Trigal III in La Puntilla, Peru.

The Wari, also called the Huari, were a Middle Horizon civilisation that emerged around AD 500 in the south-central Andes and coastal region of Peru.

The Wari State was centred on the capital, also known as Wari, in the Ayacucho Region near the present-day town of Quinua.

Due to prolonged periods of drought, the Wari culture went into decline around AD 800, leading to the eventual abandonment of major populations centres by AD 1000 shortly before the Late Intermediate Period.

Recent excavations at the El Trigal III archaeological site on the northern slope of the La Puntilla mountain range has uncovered an architectural complex consisting of a two-story building with a courtyard and warehouses.

Preliminary dating suggests that the complex was constructed between the 7th and 10th century AD, which according to the researchers represents a previously unseen building type inhabited by elite members of society from the time of the Wari State.

The main structure spans 130 square metres, featuring substantial stone and adobe walls that provided support for a second floor. Adjacent is an extensive courtyard area with adjoining storage rooms, totaling more than 500 square metres in size.

According to the researchers: “This type of architectural complex has not been documented in previous excavations. However, knowledge existed of a ceramic model with this same configuration, found in a burial site in Ayacucho. The existence of a model indicates that the construction was previously planned.”

The excavation results have been published in the journal Informes y Trabajos, of the Spanish Cultural Heritage Institute.

Header Image Credit : UAB

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Trove of Roman objects linked to feasting found at Ostia antica

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Archaeologists have uncovered a trove of Roman objects linked to ritual feasting at Ostia antica.

Ostia Antica is an ancient harbour town located at the mouth of the Tiber River. The harbour served as the main port for Rome, transporting goods and people from the coast along the Via Ostiensis.

Archaeologists recently excavated the area of Regio I – Insula XV, a “sacred area” or precinct housing several temples and sanctuaries. At the centre is the temple of Hercules,  a 31 x 16 metre monument which dates from the Republican Era.

Excavations have revealed a substantial well situated at the base of the temple of Hercules. Upon draining the well, it was discovered to hold a significant collection of objects dating from the 1st to 2nd century AD.

Among the objects are various ceramics, miniatures, lamps, glass containers, fragments of marble, and burnt animal bones (pigs and cattle). According to the archaeologists, the trove corresponds with ritual feasting associated with cult at the temple.

In a press statement by the Ministry of Culture: “The discovery of burnt bones confirms that animal sacrifices were carried out in the sanctuary, while the common ceramics, also bearing traces of fire, indicate that the meat was cooked and consumed during banquets in honour of divinity. The remains of one or more ritual meals were thrown into the well, the last ones probably when their function had ceased.”

Header Image Credit : Ministry of Culture

Sources : Ministry of Culture

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Labyrinthine structure discovered from the Minoan civilisation

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Archaeologists have discovered a monumental labyrinthine structure on the summit of Papoura Hill in Crete.

The discovery was made during the installation of a radar system in preparation for the construction of a new airport in the area.

According to experts, the structure dates from between 2000 to 1700 BC shortly before or at the start of the palaeopalatial Minoan period.

The Minoan civilisation was a Bronze Age culture that emerged on the island of Crete around 3100 BC. The culture is known for the monumental architecture and energetic art, and is often regarded as the first civilisation in Europe.

Image Credit : Greek Ministry of Culture

The chronology of the Minoans is characterised into three distinct phases – Early Minoan (EM), Middle Minoan (MM), and Late Minoan (LM).

The palaeopalatial structure is part of the MMI – II grouping in the Middle Minoan, a period in which the first palaces were built and saw the development of the Minoan writing systems, Cretan hieroglyphic and Linear A.

The structure comprises of 8 concentric stone rings that converge on a central circular building. The entire diameter of the complex measures 48 metres and covers an area of approximately 1800 square metres.

Within the central structure are four designated zones in which radial walls intersect vertically and form a labyrinthine structure. Zones A and B appear to be have the main concentration of human activity, evidenced by the presence of large amounts of animals bones.

According to the experts, this residential area likely had a truncated cone or vaulted appearance and is the first monument of this type excavated in Crete. It can perhaps be paralleled with the elliptical MM building of the Chamezi Archaeological Site, as well as with the so-called circular proto-Hellenic cyclopean building of Tiryns.

The Minister of Culture, said: “This is a unique and highly significant find. Solutions are in place to ensure the completion of the archaeological research and the protection of the monument.”

Header Image Credit : Greek Ministry of Culture

Sources : Greek Ministry of Culture

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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