Connect with us

Archaeology

Major archaeological discoveries in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania

Published

on

In an announcement by the State Office for Culture and Monument Preservation (LAKD), archaeologists excavating in the German state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania have uncovered seven Bronze Age swords, 6,000 silver coins, and two Christian reliquary containers.

The swords were found in fragments near Mirow in the Mecklenburg Lake District, which were likely dispersed on the surface following dredgeing activities to excavate a trench.

According to the researchers, the swords were deposited as votive or sacrificial offerings during the Bronze Age around 3,000-years-ago.

“Although such deposits of valuable items are not unusual, so many Bronze Age swords have never been discovered in one place in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania,” said the researchers.

Image Credit : State Office for Culture and Monument Preservation (LAKD)

Also in the LAKD announcement is the discovery of a treasure hoard near Rügen, consisting of 6,000 silver coins from the 11th century. The hoard was deposited in a clay pot, with hundreds of coins dispersed over the surface as a result of agricultural activity.

An examination of the coins have identified that the majority originate from Western Germany and the Meißen-Upper Lusatia region, however, around 10% of the coins originate from England, Denmark, Bohemia, and Hungary.

“The find is the largest Slavic coin hoard of the post-war period to date. The coin discovery therefore allows conclusions to be drawn about possible trade relationships in the 11th century,” said the researchers.

Another remarkable discovery are two distinctive reliquary containers shaped as a captorge and a crucifix which were unearthed in the Mecklenburg Lake District. Alongside the reliquary containers, archaeologists also found 1,700 coins, rings, a pearl necklace, rock crystals, and carnelian beads.

According to the announcement: “These two reliquary containers stand out significantly, serving as rare evidence of the Christian faith in a region that was predominantly influenced by other beliefs during that era.”

Header Image Credit : State Office for Culture and Monument Preservation (LAKD)

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Archaeology

Archaeologists discover traces of Roman circus at Iruña-Veleia

Published

on

By

Archaeologists from ARKIKUS have announced the discovery of a Roman circus at Iruña-Veleia, a former Roman town in Hispania, now located in the province of Álava, Basque Autonomous Community, Spain.

The town was an important transit centre on the Ab Asturica Burdigalam (Roman road), with a peak population of around 10,000 inhabitants.

In a recent study using aerial photography and light detection and ranging (LiDAR), archaeologists have found a Roman circus and previously unknown urban areas of Iruña-Veleia.

A Roman circus was a large open-air venue used mainly for chariot races, although sometimes serving other purposes. Chariot racing was the most popular of many subsidised public entertainments, and was an essential component in several religious festivals.

Image Credit : Shutterstock

Chariot racing declined in significance in the Western Roman Empire following the fall of Rome, with the last known race held at the Circus Maximus in AD 549, organised by the Ostrogothic king, Totila.

According to a press statement by ARKIKUS, the circus is an elongated enclosure that accommodated up to 5,000 spectators, and measures 280 metres long by 72 metres wide.

Until now, only a handful of Roman circus’s are known in the northern half of the Iberian Peninsula, emphasising the importance of Iruña-Veleia during the Roman period.

The study also revealed a Roman street system, evidence of buildings with porticoed areas, and a linear feature indicating the route of the Ab Asturica Burdigalam.

Header Image Credit : ARKIKUS

Sources : ARKIKUS

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Archaeology

Archaeologists make new discoveries at Bodbury Ring hillfort

Published

on

By

Bodbury Ring is a univallate hillfort, strategically located at the southern tip of Bodbury Hill in Shropshire, England.

Hillforts in Britain are known from the Bronze Age, but the main period of hillfort construction occurred during the Celtic Iron Age.

Hillfort fortifications follow the contours of a hill and consist of one or more lines of earthworks or stone ramparts, with stockades or defensive walls, and external ditches.

Archaeologists from Time Team and the Universities of Chester and York, recently conducted a study of Bodbury Ring using light detection and ranging (LiDAR).

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) is a remote sensing technique that employs pulsed laser light to measure distances to the Earth. By analysing variations in the return times and wavelengths of the laser pulses, this method can generate a detailed 3-D digital map of the landscape.

The study has revealed that Bodbury Ring is six times larger than previously thought and is part of a much larger hillfort which enclosed the entirety of the ridgetop on Bodbury Hill. This larger hillfort shares some characteristics with examples known to have originated in the Late Bronze Age.

Professor Ainsworth from Time Team said: “The earthworks of Bodbury Ring, it seems, were constructed to form a small, more easily defended fort at the southern tip of the original hillfort, possibly in the Middle Iron Age.”

“This prehistoric ‘downsizing’ may have resulted from increased tension in the region, reflecting possible changes in the geopolitical landscape of the times. Close by, on the northern side of Bodbury Hill, the remains of a probable Roman Iron Age enclosed settlement have also been identified for the first time,” added Professor Ainsworth.

Header Image Credit : University of Chester

Sources : University of Chester

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Trending

Generated by Feedzy