Connect with us

Archaeology

Archaeologists excavate 9,000-year-old Mesolithic hunting camp

Published

on

Archaeologists from the Saxony-Anhalt State Office for Monument Preservation and Archeology have been excavating a 9,000-year-old Mesolithic hunting camp near the location of the “Shaman of Bad Dürrenberg.”

The “Shaman of Bad Dürrenberg” is the burial of a 30 to 40-year-old woman who died around 9,000-years-ago in Bad Dürrenberg, Germany.

She was found in a grave containing lavish grave goods interpreted as requisites of shamanistic practices. A headdress made of deer antlers and animal tooth pendants show the dead woman’s special position as a shaman, the spiritual leader of her group.

The hunting camp is located near Dehlitz (Burgenlandkreis), where over a five year period the researchers have unearthed more than 6,000 stone artefacts.

Recent excavations have found numerous artefacts in the plowing horizon, including stone implements, bone and antler remains, and a large number of microliths. Interestingly, very few examples of stone tools used for meat processing have been uncovered, suggesting that the camp was only in use several times temporarily.

According to the researchers: “Due to the spatial proximity to the grave in Bad Dürrenberg, the similarity of the raw material used to make the devices, and the similarity of the shapes of the devices, it is obvious that the hunting camp near Dehlitz is linked to the Shaman of Bad Dürrenberg”.

Through the ongoing research, archaeologists, geneticists, and anthropologists have been able to gain new insights into the living environment of the Mesolithic hunters and gatherers living in the region around Bad Dürrenberg.

idw

Header Image Credit: Oliver Dietrich

 

Continue Reading

Archaeology

Excavation of medieval shipbuilders reveals a Roman head of Mercury

Published

on

By

Excavations of a medieval shipbuilders has led to the discovery of a Roman settlement and a Roman head of Mercury.

The discovery was made at Smallhythe Place, a late 15th or early 16th century property managed by the National Trust near Tenterden in Kent, England.

Prior to the decline of the port and shipyard at Smallhythe during the 16th century, the local community played a crucial role in the shipbuilding industry, crafting vessels for notable figures, including members of royalty.

As part of a project funded by several UK institutions, over 60 volunteers from the National Trust participated in the excavation, along with professional archaeologists, students, and members of the Hastings Area Archaeological Research Group.

The excavation has revealed traces of a Roman settlement that was occupied between the 1st and 3rd centuries, including an incredibly rare figurine made of pipeclay that depicts the god, Mercury.

Mercury was a major god in the Roman pantheon and was associated with financial gain, commerce, eloquence, messages, communication (including divination), travellers, boundaries, luck, trickery, and thieves. He also served as the guide of souls to the underworld and was the messenger of the gods.

According to a press announcement by the National Trust: “This complete figurine probably would have depicted Mercury standing, either draped with a chlamys (a short cloak), or naked, holding a caduceus (a staff with two intertwined snakes).”

The team also unearthed thousands of artefacts, providing evidence of the evolution of Smallhythe Place from a Georgian farm to a midden dump, a shipbuilding site, and a brickworks.

The National Trust said: “To support our investigations, we received grants from the National Trust’s Inclusive Archaeology, Robert Kiln and the Roman Research Funds and from the Royal Archaeological Institute. During 2023, our project has received funding from the Society of Antiquaries and the William and Edith Oldham Charitable Trust.”

Header Image Credit : James Dobson

Sources : National Trust – Exploring Smallhythe Place: Archaeological Investigations by the River Rother

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Archaeology

Researchers find that Żagań-Lutnia5 is an Iron Age stronghold

Published

on

By

Archaeologists have conducted a ground penetrating radar (GPR) survey of Żagań-Lutnia5, revealing that the monument is an Iron Age stronghold.

Żagań-Lutnia5 was first discovered in the 1960s near the town of Żagań in western Poland, with previous studies suggesting that the monument could be associated with the Białowieża group of the Lusatian urnfield culture.

The Lusatian culture existed in the later Bronze Age and early Iron Age (1300–500 BC) in most of what is now Poland. It formed part of the Urnfield systems found from eastern France, southern Germany and Austria to Hungary, and the Nordic Bronze Age in northwestern Germany and Scandinavia.

A recent study led by Dr. Arkadiusz Michalak on behalf of the Archaeological Museum of the Middle Oder River has revealed two parallel sequences of magnetic anomalies at Żagań-Lutnia5 that represent the remnants of earthen and wooden fortifications.

The course of the fortifications were recorded in the northern, western and southern parts of the study area, however, a study of the eastern section was limited due to a sewage collector built in the 1990’s.

Exploratory excavations found four cultural layers with remains of huts and hearths, in addition to a burnt layer from the last phase of occupation that suggests a period of conflict.

According to the researchers, the monument was likely built by the same people who constructed the stronghold in Wicin and a number of verified defensive settlements within the area of the Elbe, Nysa Łużycka and Odra.

As a result of the study, Żagań-Lutnia5 has been added to the catalogue of verified Early Iron Age strongholds located in today’s Lubusz Voivodeship.

Header Image Credit : Provincial Office for the Protection of Monuments

Sources : Provincial Office for the Protection of Monuments – Archaeological research at the site of Żagań-Lutnia5

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

Continue Reading

Trending

Generated by Feedzy