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Tomb found on Great Pyramid at Huaca Pucllana

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In a press announcement by the Ministry of Culture of Peru, archaeologists have discovered a tomb on the Great Pyramid at Huaca Pucllana, located in the Miraflores district of central Lima, Peru.

Huaca Pucllana is an adobe and clay pyramid complex that served as an important ceremonial and administrative centre for the Lima Culture, a pre-Inca people that emerged in the Peruvian Central Coast between AD 200 to AD 700. The pyramid is built with seven staggered platforms, surrounded by a plaza or central square, and evidence of various small clay structures and huts made of adobe.

Archaeologists excavating the top platform have uncovered a pit-type tomb with a circular plan, containing the remains of a single individual buried in a flexed sitting position and facing south. A preliminary study suggests that the individual was an adult, however, the researchers are yet to perform an anthropological analysis to determine the sex and cause of death.

According to the press release, the tomb is a burial from the Ychsma Culture, also known as the Ichma Culture, a pre-Inca indigenous polity that emerged around AD 1100 following the collapse of the Wari Empire.

The tomb at Huaca Pucllana – Image Credit : Peruvian State

The Ychsma Culture was known for remodeling existing pyramids from other cultures, such as Huaca Mateo, Huaca San Borja, Huaca Csa Rosada, Huaca Huantinamarca, Huaca San Miguel, and Huaca Pucllana where the recent tomb discovery was made.

Excavations of the tomb have also discovered funerary offerings made of ceramic vessels, including a pot decorated with abstract and geometric zoomorphic motifs, and a pitcher decorated in a geometric tricolor style on a red base.

“Until 2015, the Ychsma presence was known through offerings made with human hair in mates or wrapped in achira leaves that they left in different areas of this esplanade, even in the cracks,” said Mirella Ganoza, discoverer of the tomb.

Ministry of Culture of Peru

Header Image – Huaca Pucllana – Image Credit : Shutterstock

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Archaeology

Trove of Roman objects linked to feasting found at Ostia antica

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Archaeologists have uncovered a trove of Roman objects linked to ritual feasting at Ostia antica.

Ostia Antica is an ancient harbour town located at the mouth of the Tiber River. The harbour served as the main port for Rome, transporting goods and people from the coast along the Via Ostiensis.

Archaeologists recently excavated the area of Regio I – Insula XV, a “sacred area” or precinct housing several temples and sanctuaries. At the centre is the temple of Hercules,  a 31 x 16 metre monument which dates from the Republican Era.

Excavations have revealed a substantial well situated at the base of the temple of Hercules. Upon draining the well, it was discovered to hold a significant collection of objects dating from the 1st to 2nd century AD.

Among the objects are various ceramics, miniatures, lamps, glass containers, fragments of marble, and burnt animal bones (pigs and cattle). According to the archaeologists, the trove corresponds with ritual feasting associated with cult at the temple.

In a press statement by the Ministry of Culture: “The discovery of burnt bones confirms that animal sacrifices were carried out in the sanctuary, while the common ceramics, also bearing traces of fire, indicate that the meat was cooked and consumed during banquets in honour of divinity. The remains of one or more ritual meals were thrown into the well, the last ones probably when their function had ceased.”

Header Image Credit : Ministry of Culture

Sources : Ministry of Culture

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Labyrinthine structure discovered from the Minoan civilisation

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Archaeologists have discovered a monumental labyrinthine structure on the summit of Papoura Hill in Crete.

The discovery was made during the installation of a radar system in preparation for the construction of a new airport in the area.

According to experts, the structure dates from between 2000 to 1700 BC shortly before or at the start of the palaeopalatial Minoan period.

The Minoan civilisation was a Bronze Age culture that emerged on the island of Crete around 3100 BC. The culture is known for the monumental architecture and energetic art, and is often regarded as the first civilisation in Europe.

Image Credit : Greek Ministry of Culture

The chronology of the Minoans is characterised into three distinct phases – Early Minoan (EM), Middle Minoan (MM), and Late Minoan (LM).

The palaeopalatial structure is part of the MMI – II grouping in the Middle Minoan, a period in which the first palaces were built and saw the development of the Minoan writing systems, Cretan hieroglyphic and Linear A.

The structure comprises of 8 concentric stone rings that converge on a central circular building. The entire diameter of the complex measures 48 metres and covers an area of approximately 1800 square metres.

Within the central structure are four designated zones in which radial walls intersect vertically and form a labyrinthine structure. Zones A and B appear to be have the main concentration of human activity, evidenced by the presence of large amounts of animals bones.

According to the experts, this residential area likely had a truncated cone or vaulted appearance and is the first monument of this type excavated in Crete. It can perhaps be paralleled with the elliptical MM building of the Chamezi Archaeological Site, as well as with the so-called circular proto-Hellenic cyclopean building of Tiryns.

The Minister of Culture, said: “This is a unique and highly significant find. Solutions are in place to ensure the completion of the archaeological research and the protection of the monument.”

Header Image Credit : Greek Ministry of Culture

Sources : Greek Ministry of Culture

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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