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Traces of cultural layers found at Asarcık Tepe

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Archaeologists from the Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University (MSKÜ) have participated in excavations at Asarcık Tepe, revealing traces of cultural layers from the Seljuk Period, the Hittite Civilisation, and the Middle Bronze Age.

Asarcık Tepe, also known as Asarcık Hill, is a multi-phase archaeological site located in the Kavaklıdere (Muğla) region of Turkey.

Excavations by MSKÜ have extended the cultural layer of occupation to the end of the 3rd millennium BC, with evidence of a Middle Bronze Age settlement and subsequent layers of destruction.

Dr Bekir Özer, said: “Traces of occupation were constantly destroyed in subsequent cultural periods. For this reason, the layers that form the cultural continuity of Asarcık Tepe have limited data except for the Middle Ages and Early Hellenistic Period.”

Excavations have also uncovered archaeological remains from the 2nd millennium BC, consisting of the foundations of structures built with stone and mudbrick, in addition to stone tools and spindle whorls that suggest traces of weaving.

Archaeologists have also found pottery originating from the Coastal Aegean and Central Western Anatolia regions, indicating evidence of trade and a cultural continuation from 1200 BC to 330-320 BC.

“The last cultural period is associated with the Middle Ages. It is supported by preserved towers that are 3.5 metres in height, surrounded by city walls 2.5 metres tall and 2 metres thick,” said Dr Özer.

According to the researchers, the last cultural period occurred in the first half of the 13th century AD, with a destruction layer suggesting that Asarcık Tepe was destroyed by fire. Dr Özer, said: “This data does not surprise us, and it should be seen as concrete archaeological evidence of the conquest of the region by Turkish raids coming through the Menderes Valley.”

Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University (MSKÜ)

Header Image Credit : Muğla Sıtkı Koçman University (MSKÜ)

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Archaeology

Trove of Roman objects linked to feasting found at Ostia antica

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Archaeologists have uncovered a trove of Roman objects linked to ritual feasting at Ostia antica.

Ostia Antica is an ancient harbour town located at the mouth of the Tiber River. The harbour served as the main port for Rome, transporting goods and people from the coast along the Via Ostiensis.

Archaeologists recently excavated the area of Regio I – Insula XV, a “sacred area” or precinct housing several temples and sanctuaries. At the centre is the temple of Hercules,  a 31 x 16 metre monument which dates from the Republican Era.

Excavations have revealed a substantial well situated at the base of the temple of Hercules. Upon draining the well, it was discovered to hold a significant collection of objects dating from the 1st to 2nd century AD.

Among the objects are various ceramics, miniatures, lamps, glass containers, fragments of marble, and burnt animal bones (pigs and cattle). According to the archaeologists, the trove corresponds with ritual feasting associated with cult at the temple.

In a press statement by the Ministry of Culture: “The discovery of burnt bones confirms that animal sacrifices were carried out in the sanctuary, while the common ceramics, also bearing traces of fire, indicate that the meat was cooked and consumed during banquets in honour of divinity. The remains of one or more ritual meals were thrown into the well, the last ones probably when their function had ceased.”

Header Image Credit : Ministry of Culture

Sources : Ministry of Culture

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Labyrinthine structure discovered from the Minoan civilisation

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Archaeologists have discovered a monumental labyrinthine structure on the summit of Papoura Hill in Crete.

The discovery was made during the installation of a radar system in preparation for the construction of a new airport in the area.

According to experts, the structure dates from between 2000 to 1700 BC shortly before or at the start of the palaeopalatial Minoan period.

The Minoan civilisation was a Bronze Age culture that emerged on the island of Crete around 3100 BC. The culture is known for the monumental architecture and energetic art, and is often regarded as the first civilisation in Europe.

Image Credit : Greek Ministry of Culture

The chronology of the Minoans is characterised into three distinct phases – Early Minoan (EM), Middle Minoan (MM), and Late Minoan (LM).

The palaeopalatial structure is part of the MMI – II grouping in the Middle Minoan, a period in which the first palaces were built and saw the development of the Minoan writing systems, Cretan hieroglyphic and Linear A.

The structure comprises of 8 concentric stone rings that converge on a central circular building. The entire diameter of the complex measures 48 metres and covers an area of approximately 1800 square metres.

Within the central structure are four designated zones in which radial walls intersect vertically and form a labyrinthine structure. Zones A and B appear to be have the main concentration of human activity, evidenced by the presence of large amounts of animals bones.

According to the experts, this residential area likely had a truncated cone or vaulted appearance and is the first monument of this type excavated in Crete. It can perhaps be paralleled with the elliptical MM building of the Chamezi Archaeological Site, as well as with the so-called circular proto-Hellenic cyclopean building of Tiryns.

The Minister of Culture, said: “This is a unique and highly significant find. Solutions are in place to ensure the completion of the archaeological research and the protection of the monument.”

Header Image Credit : Greek Ministry of Culture

Sources : Greek Ministry of Culture

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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