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Archaeologists find remains of a medieval tower in Lublin’s Old Town

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Archaeologists conducting excavations in Lublin’s Old Town have found the remains of a medieval tower which is apparent in works by Braun and Hogenberg, known as the “Theatrum praecipuarum totius mundi urbiurti”.

Evidence of the tower was identified on a fragment of the town’s defensive wall at the tenement house at ul. Jezuicka, located in Lublin’s Old Town, Poland. The tower has four sides and appears in the panorama of Lublin by Braun and Hogenberg, which was published in Cologne in 1618.

The panorama shows the tower near the Dung gate, close to the presbytery of the Jesuit monastery church, which today is the Lublin archcathedral of St. John the Baptist and St. John the Evangelist, consecrated in 1604.

Dariusz Kopciowski, the Lublin voivodeship conservator of monuments, said: “This tower was most likely mentioned in the privilege of Stefan Batory granted to the Jesuits in 1585. This privilege allowed the construction of a Jesuit complex outside the city walls from the south, along with permission to use several defensive works existing in this section – including the Jesuit Gate, the semi-circular tower, and the quadrilateral tower in question.”

Image Credit : Lublin Provincial Conservator of Monuments

Construction of the town’s fortifications were commissioned by Casimir III the Great (King of Poland from 1333 to 1370), who built a large stone castle in 1341 and encircled the city with defensive walls. However, by the 16th to 17th century, the city walls were mainly obsolete and most were demolished by the 19th century as the city expanded.

“Parallel to the archaeological works, architectural and conservation research is being carried out, during which further remains of the tower and the Lublin fortification system will be located,” added Kopciowski.

PAP

Header Image – Braun and Hogenberg’s “Theatrum praecipuarum totius mundi urbiurti”

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Archaeology

Archaeologists discover traces of Roman circus at Iruña-Veleia

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Archaeologists from ARKIKUS have announced the discovery of a Roman circus at Iruña-Veleia, a former Roman town in Hispania, now located in the province of Álava, Basque Autonomous Community, Spain.

The town was an important transit centre on the Ab Asturica Burdigalam (Roman road), with a peak population of around 10,000 inhabitants.

In a recent study using aerial photography and light detection and ranging (LiDAR), archaeologists have found a Roman circus and previously unknown urban areas of Iruña-Veleia.

A Roman circus was a large open-air venue used mainly for chariot races, although sometimes serving other purposes. Chariot racing was the most popular of many subsidised public entertainments, and was an essential component in several religious festivals.

Image Credit : Shutterstock

Chariot racing declined in significance in the Western Roman Empire following the fall of Rome, with the last known race held at the Circus Maximus in AD 549, organised by the Ostrogothic king, Totila.

According to a press statement by ARKIKUS, the circus is an elongated enclosure that accommodated up to 5,000 spectators, and measures 280 metres long by 72 metres wide.

Until now, only a handful of Roman circus’s are known in the northern half of the Iberian Peninsula, emphasising the importance of Iruña-Veleia during the Roman period.

The study also revealed a Roman street system, evidence of buildings with porticoed areas, and a linear feature indicating the route of the Ab Asturica Burdigalam.

Header Image Credit : ARKIKUS

Sources : ARKIKUS

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeologists make new discoveries at Bodbury Ring hillfort

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Bodbury Ring is a univallate hillfort, strategically located at the southern tip of Bodbury Hill in Shropshire, England.

Hillforts in Britain are known from the Bronze Age, but the main period of hillfort construction occurred during the Celtic Iron Age.

Hillfort fortifications follow the contours of a hill and consist of one or more lines of earthworks or stone ramparts, with stockades or defensive walls, and external ditches.

Archaeologists from Time Team and the Universities of Chester and York, recently conducted a study of Bodbury Ring using light detection and ranging (LiDAR).

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) is a remote sensing technique that employs pulsed laser light to measure distances to the Earth. By analysing variations in the return times and wavelengths of the laser pulses, this method can generate a detailed 3-D digital map of the landscape.

The study has revealed that Bodbury Ring is six times larger than previously thought and is part of a much larger hillfort which enclosed the entirety of the ridgetop on Bodbury Hill. This larger hillfort shares some characteristics with examples known to have originated in the Late Bronze Age.

Professor Ainsworth from Time Team said: “The earthworks of Bodbury Ring, it seems, were constructed to form a small, more easily defended fort at the southern tip of the original hillfort, possibly in the Middle Iron Age.”

“This prehistoric ‘downsizing’ may have resulted from increased tension in the region, reflecting possible changes in the geopolitical landscape of the times. Close by, on the northern side of Bodbury Hill, the remains of a probable Roman Iron Age enclosed settlement have also been identified for the first time,” added Professor Ainsworth.

Header Image Credit : University of Chester

Sources : University of Chester

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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