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Evidence of Roman marching camp found in Paderborn

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Archaeologists have found evidence of a Roman marching camp in Paderborn on the eastern North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Excavations have been conducted by the Regional Association of Westphalia-Lippe (LWL) prior to the construction of a new educational campus at the St. Johannisstift Hospital.

Archaeologists have found fragments of several different Roman wine amphorae, in additional to two field ovens from over 2,000-years-ago.

Paderborn was founded as a bishopric by Charlemagne in AD 795. According to the researchers, the discovery is the first sign of Roman military activity found in the Paderborn area.

The camp would have been constructed on a raised flat hill at the St. Johannisstift Hospital site, likely resembling other typical marching camps with of a polygonal area surrounded by an earth wall with a V-shaped ditch in front.

“Amphora finds like those found in Paderborn have so far only come to light in military camps such as Haltern am See or Bergkamen-Oberaden. The fact that amphorae have now been found in the city of Paderborn is outstanding,” says Prof. Dr. Michael M, Director of LWL Archaeology for Westphalia.

Image Credit : LWL

The field ovens were built by constructing a pit up to 60-80 cm’s deep in the shape of a figure of eight. Generally, field ovens were only building in temporary marching camps, used for baking bread in between marches during campaigns.

Various charcoal samples were taken from the ovens and sent to the University of Kiel for Carbon-14 dating. The results places the ovens during the time of the Augustan campaigns in Germania around 12 BC. The campaigns were a series of conflicts between the Germanic tribes and the Roman Empire over expanding territory.

LWL

Header Image Credit : EggensteinExca/ R. Sweet

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Archaeology

Archaeologists discover traces of Roman circus at Iruña-Veleia

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Archaeologists from ARKIKUS have announced the discovery of a Roman circus at Iruña-Veleia, a former Roman town in Hispania, now located in the province of Álava, Basque Autonomous Community, Spain.

The town was an important transit centre on the Ab Asturica Burdigalam (Roman road), with a peak population of around 10,000 inhabitants.

In a recent study using aerial photography and light detection and ranging (LiDAR), archaeologists have found a Roman circus and previously unknown urban areas of Iruña-Veleia.

A Roman circus was a large open-air venue used mainly for chariot races, although sometimes serving other purposes. Chariot racing was the most popular of many subsidised public entertainments, and was an essential component in several religious festivals.

Image Credit : Shutterstock

Chariot racing declined in significance in the Western Roman Empire following the fall of Rome, with the last known race held at the Circus Maximus in AD 549, organised by the Ostrogothic king, Totila.

According to a press statement by ARKIKUS, the circus is an elongated enclosure that accommodated up to 5,000 spectators, and measures 280 metres long by 72 metres wide.

Until now, only a handful of Roman circus’s are known in the northern half of the Iberian Peninsula, emphasising the importance of Iruña-Veleia during the Roman period.

The study also revealed a Roman street system, evidence of buildings with porticoed areas, and a linear feature indicating the route of the Ab Asturica Burdigalam.

Header Image Credit : ARKIKUS

Sources : ARKIKUS

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Archaeologists make new discoveries at Bodbury Ring hillfort

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Bodbury Ring is a univallate hillfort, strategically located at the southern tip of Bodbury Hill in Shropshire, England.

Hillforts in Britain are known from the Bronze Age, but the main period of hillfort construction occurred during the Celtic Iron Age.

Hillfort fortifications follow the contours of a hill and consist of one or more lines of earthworks or stone ramparts, with stockades or defensive walls, and external ditches.

Archaeologists from Time Team and the Universities of Chester and York, recently conducted a study of Bodbury Ring using light detection and ranging (LiDAR).

Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) is a remote sensing technique that employs pulsed laser light to measure distances to the Earth. By analysing variations in the return times and wavelengths of the laser pulses, this method can generate a detailed 3-D digital map of the landscape.

The study has revealed that Bodbury Ring is six times larger than previously thought and is part of a much larger hillfort which enclosed the entirety of the ridgetop on Bodbury Hill. This larger hillfort shares some characteristics with examples known to have originated in the Late Bronze Age.

Professor Ainsworth from Time Team said: “The earthworks of Bodbury Ring, it seems, were constructed to form a small, more easily defended fort at the southern tip of the original hillfort, possibly in the Middle Iron Age.”

“This prehistoric ‘downsizing’ may have resulted from increased tension in the region, reflecting possible changes in the geopolitical landscape of the times. Close by, on the northern side of Bodbury Hill, the remains of a probable Roman Iron Age enclosed settlement have also been identified for the first time,” added Professor Ainsworth.

Header Image Credit : University of Chester

Sources : University of Chester

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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