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Archaeology

Depiction of Viking ship found in Iceland

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Archaeologists have found a depiction of a Viking ship that may be the earliest image discovered in Iceland.

The discovery was made at the Stöð archaeological site near the village of Stöðvarfjörður, situated in the municipality of Fjarðabyggð on Iceland’s eastern coast.

Previous excavations have found two Viking-age longhouses, the older of which dates from before the main migration period, a date which is generally believed to have occurred in the second half of the 9th century AD.

The reasons for the migration are uncertain: later in the Middle Ages, Icelanders themselves tended to cite civil strife brought about by the ambitions of the Norwegian king, Harald I of Norway, but modern historians suggest factors such as a shortage of arable land in Scandinavia.

Archaeological studies indicate that the site was a seasonal camp for fishing and hunting, as well as for whaling and the production of fish oil. According to the chronicles, the area was settled by Þórhaddur ‘The Old’ from Trondheim, Norway, who lived there until his death.

Recent studies have found a carved sandstone that shows a depiction of a Viking ship. The depiction was found in an early dwelling that was an outpost for exploiting natural resources before the wider settlement was developed.

The structure measures around 31.4 metres in length and has been dated to around AD 800, predating the migration period by around 74 years.

The depiction shows an engraved image of a ship under sail at sea, measuring around 1 cm in width. Although such depictions are common in Nordic countries, the researchers suggest that the Stöð discovery is the first recorded depiction of a ship in Iceland and could be the earliest image ever discovered in the country to date.

Header Image Credit : Landnámsskáli í Stöð

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Archaeology

Trove of Roman objects linked to feasting found at Ostia antica

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Archaeologists have uncovered a trove of Roman objects linked to ritual feasting at Ostia antica.

Ostia Antica is an ancient harbour town located at the mouth of the Tiber River. The harbour served as the main port for Rome, transporting goods and people from the coast along the Via Ostiensis.

Archaeologists recently excavated the area of Regio I – Insula XV, a “sacred area” or precinct housing several temples and sanctuaries. At the centre is the temple of Hercules,  a 31 x 16 metre monument which dates from the Republican Era.

Excavations have revealed a substantial well situated at the base of the temple of Hercules. Upon draining the well, it was discovered to hold a significant collection of objects dating from the 1st to 2nd century AD.

Among the objects are various ceramics, miniatures, lamps, glass containers, fragments of marble, and burnt animal bones (pigs and cattle). According to the archaeologists, the trove corresponds with ritual feasting associated with cult at the temple.

In a press statement by the Ministry of Culture: “The discovery of burnt bones confirms that animal sacrifices were carried out in the sanctuary, while the common ceramics, also bearing traces of fire, indicate that the meat was cooked and consumed during banquets in honour of divinity. The remains of one or more ritual meals were thrown into the well, the last ones probably when their function had ceased.”

Header Image Credit : Ministry of Culture

Sources : Ministry of Culture

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Labyrinthine structure discovered from the Minoan civilisation

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Archaeologists have discovered a monumental labyrinthine structure on the summit of Papoura Hill in Crete.

The discovery was made during the installation of a radar system in preparation for the construction of a new airport in the area.

According to experts, the structure dates from between 2000 to 1700 BC shortly before or at the start of the palaeopalatial Minoan period.

The Minoan civilisation was a Bronze Age culture that emerged on the island of Crete around 3100 BC. The culture is known for the monumental architecture and energetic art, and is often regarded as the first civilisation in Europe.

Image Credit : Greek Ministry of Culture

The chronology of the Minoans is characterised into three distinct phases – Early Minoan (EM), Middle Minoan (MM), and Late Minoan (LM).

The palaeopalatial structure is part of the MMI – II grouping in the Middle Minoan, a period in which the first palaces were built and saw the development of the Minoan writing systems, Cretan hieroglyphic and Linear A.

The structure comprises of 8 concentric stone rings that converge on a central circular building. The entire diameter of the complex measures 48 metres and covers an area of approximately 1800 square metres.

Within the central structure are four designated zones in which radial walls intersect vertically and form a labyrinthine structure. Zones A and B appear to be have the main concentration of human activity, evidenced by the presence of large amounts of animals bones.

According to the experts, this residential area likely had a truncated cone or vaulted appearance and is the first monument of this type excavated in Crete. It can perhaps be paralleled with the elliptical MM building of the Chamezi Archaeological Site, as well as with the so-called circular proto-Hellenic cyclopean building of Tiryns.

The Minister of Culture, said: “This is a unique and highly significant find. Solutions are in place to ensure the completion of the archaeological research and the protection of the monument.”

Header Image Credit : Greek Ministry of Culture

Sources : Greek Ministry of Culture

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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