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2,500-year-old bronze artefacts found in eastern Poland

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A metal detectorist has uncovered a hoard of bronze artefacts during a survey in the village of Czernięcin Poduchowny, eastern Poland.

The discovery was made by Łukasz Jabłoński, a licensed detectorist who notified authorities at the Provincial Office for the Protection of Monuments in Lublin.

A total of 13 bronze artefacts dating from 2,500-years-ago have been located, including pins for clothing, shin guards, and bracelets which are associated with the Lusatian Culture.

The Lusatian Culture emerged during the Late Bronze Age and expanded their territories across most of present-day Poland, parts of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, eastern Germany and western Ukraine during the Early Iron Age.

The name of the culture refers to the Lusatia area in eastern Germany (Brandenburg and Saxony) and western Poland, where ‘Lusatian-type’ burials were first described by the German pathologist and archaeologist, Rudolf Virchow (1821–1902).

Excavations of the discovery site have found two pins, a torc, fragments of a small decorative phaler, four large bracelets decorated with incised herringbone and transverse lines, four smaller bracelets, and a decorative tubular pin.

Archaeologist, Wiesław Koman, said: “The find is all the more sensational, because ornaments of the Lusatian culture are very rare in the region and they are normally only single objects or fragments, and here we have a whole set of them.”

Koman added that the discovery provides “great cognitive, scientific and conservation importance for archaeologists, in the context of analysing the settlement of this culture in the area, as well as in the entire Lublin region.”

PAP

Header Image Credit : Provincial Office for the Protection of Monuments in Lublin

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Archaeology

Excavations uncover traces of Kraków Fortress

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A team of archaeologists conducting archaeological works at the S52 construction site have uncovered traces of the Kraków Fortress in the Polish city of Kraków.

S52 is a Polish highway being constructed in the Silesian and Lesser Poland voivodeships, which upon completion will connect the border of the Czech Republic in Cieszyn with Kraków.

Kraków Fortress refers to a series of Austro-Hungarian fortifications constructed during the 19th century. The fortress included the 18th century Kościuszko Insurrection fortifications, the medieval Wawel Castle, and the Kraków city walls. Of the over 50 post-Austrian forts in Krakow, 44 structures have been preserved in their entirety or with minor changes.

Excavations in the area of ​​the northern bypass of Krakow have revealed the remains of earthen structures related to the network of military units being established around the city, whose task was to turn Krakow into a modern border fortress.

The team also uncovered traces of earth embankments and moats, as well as the infrastructure for draining rainwater from the infantry entrenchment area and a wooden shelter from a dugout measuring 25 by 7.5 metres.

A press statement by the Republic of Poland, said: “During the research, objects related to the everyday life of soldiers were discovered. These include a tin enameled mug with a signature on the bottom depicting a double-headed imperial eagle with the inscription Austria and the initials H&C 1/2.”

“The preserved marking allowed us to determine that the mug is a product of the Haardt & Co. factory located in Knittelfeld, Austria. Enamellierwerke und Metallwarenfabriken AG. Founded in 1873 by Friedrich Wilhelm Haardt, the factory produced embossed enamelled dishes, including orders for the then Austrian army.”

Header Image Credit : Republic of Poland

Sources : Republic of Poland

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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Archaeology

Excavations at Sheffield Castle uncover city’s industrial heritage

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A team of archaeologists from Wessex Archaeology have uncovered the industrial heritage of Sheffield during excavations at Sheffield Castle.

Sheffield Castle was constructed following the Norman Conquest of England (1066) at the confluence of the River Sheaf and the River Don.

Throughout April and May of 2024, Wessex Archaeology is conducting a series of excavations to uncover and preserve the foundations of the circular towers of the castle’s gatehouse, and explore the destruction deposits from the razing of the original motte and bailey castle by John D’Eyvill in the 13th century.

The team will also be investigating areas never before excavated, finally reaching the remains of the 11th to 17th-century castle where Mary Queen of Scots was imprisoned.

Following the removal of the modern concrete foundations and backfill deposits, excavations have already uncovered traces of structures from the 19th century.

The team found remnants of a vaulted ceiling, which upon further inspection has been revealed to be a crucible furnace, a type of foundry furnace used for melting and casting metals such as steel, in addition to ‘rake out’ pits below the furnace.

A press statement by Wessex Archaeology, “This cellar would have been a hot, unpleasant place when the crucible furnaces above were working. Reaching temperatures of 1200 degrees centigrade, the firing process was hot and efficient, but it also produced lots of ash which needed to be cleared. The ash would fall into the ‘rake out’ pits below, where a worker, perhaps a young boy, had the back-breaking job of removing it.”

Throughout April and May 2024, the Sheffield community is invited to experience and discover the site’s archaeology firsthand, through open days and opportunities to participate in the excavation for a day. Attendance is FREE with booking required. For more information and to book, visit www.wessexarch.co.uk/events

Header Image Credit : Wessex Archaeology

Sources : Wessex Archaeology

This content was originally published on www.heritagedaily.com – © 2023 – HeritageDaily

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