Connect with us


A physicist has worked out the math that makes “paradox-free” time travel plausible



Though time travel has yet to be achieved to the best of our knowledge, scientists are fascinated by the idea that it is theoretically possible.

Moving through time poses many challenges to the fundamental laws of the universe, as depicted in movies like The Terminator, Donnie Darko, Back to the Future, and many others. 

For example, if you travel through time and prevent your parents from meeting, how can you exist to travel through time in the first place?

The “grandfather paradox” is a major puzzle, but last September, Germain Tobar, an Australian physics student, said he had figured out how to “square the numbers” to make time travel possible without the paradoxes.

According to classical dynamics, knowing the state of a system at a given moment can provide information about the system’s entire history, Tobar said in September 2020.

“However, Einstein’s theory of general relativity predicts the existence of time loops or time travel – where an event can be both in the past and future of itself – which theoretically turns the study of dynamics on its head.”

The calculations show the possibility of space-time self-adapting to avoid paradoxes.

Imagine a time traveler going back in time to prevent the spread of a disease. If the mission is successful, the time traveler will have no disease to fight in the future.

According to Tobar’s research, the paradox would be resolved if the disease still managed to find a way to spread via a new pathway or technique. No matter what the time traveler accomplished, the disease would still exist.

Tobar’s work is difficult for non-mathematicians to understand, but it examines how deterministic processes – without any randomness – affect any number of regions in the space-time continuum, and shows how closed time-like curves – as predicted by Einstein – can be consistent with both classical physics and the laws of free will.

“The math checks out – and the results are the stuff of science fiction,” said University of Queensland physicist Fabio Costa, who supervised the research.

The latest study clears up the issue with another theory that time travel is possible, but with restrictions to avoid paradoxes. In this hypothetical scenario, time travelers are free to do as they please, but paradoxes are impossible.

The time machines that scientists have created so far are so high concept that they currently exist only as equations on paper. Although the math may work, actually bending space and time to go back in time remains elusive.

Stephen Hawking believed it was possible, so we might get there someday. If we did, this new study says, we would be free to change the past any way we wanted because it would adjust itself accordingly.

“Try as you might to create a paradox, events will always adjust themselves to avoid any inconsistency,” Costa says. Our discovery of a variety of mathematical techniques shows that free will time travel is logically consistent with our reality and presents no paradoxes.

Research Paper

Continue Reading


Researcher discovered mysterious structures on the Moon




Renowned ufologist and virtual archaeologist Scott Waring is back in
the spotlight with his latest discovery: mysterious structures on the
surface of the Moon.

In photographs of the Moon obtained by the American space agency NASA, he discovered something that raises many questions.

discovery became the subject of discussion among lovers of the
mysteries of space. The ufologist said that the photograph was published
by NASA just a few days ago, and immediately after that he began a
detailed analysis of it.

According to Waring, the photograph shows
structures that could not have formed naturally. These unusual objects
could have been built by extraterrestrial civilizations, the researcher

the most surprising thing is that, according to Waring, NASA is not
even trying to hide this information. Skeptics argue that if evidence of
alien intervention was actually found on the Moon, the agency would try
to hide such facts.

However, Waring believes that the agency is
deliberately disclosing this information to generate public interest and
attention to aliens.

The researcher also calls on NASA to provide
more details about the origin of these mysterious structures and
conduct more research.

Continue Reading


The 1933 UFO Crash in Italy: The First and Forgotten Roswell?




When we think of UFO crashes, the first thing that comes to mind is
the famous Roswell incident of 1947, when a mysterious object crashed on
a ranch in New Mexico, sparking decades of speculation and controversy.

what if Roswell was not the first, nor the only, UFO crash on Earth?
What if there was an earlier and more obscure case that involved a
fascist dictator, a secret department, and a possible cover-up by the US

That is the intriguing story of the 1933 UFO crash in
Italy, which has recently resurfaced thanks to new allegations and
evidence from researchers and former intelligence officials.

According to these sources, a bell-shaped flying saucer crashed near Magenta, a town west of Milan, on June 13, 1933.

craft was reportedly recovered by the Italian authorities and taken to a
nearby airfield, where it was examined by a team of experts led by none
other than Guglielmo Marconi, the inventor of radio.

The documents include two June 1933 telegrams in Italian demanding ‘absolute silence’ over an ‘alleged landing on national soil of unknown aircraft’. Credit:

Little is
known about the first “UFO” case in Italy: the fascist regime
immediately secreted the story. It was Roberto Pinotti, founder and
secretary of the National UFO Center, who tried to dissolve the mist of
mystery that surrounds the case.

At the “Ufology” conference,
which was held near Lake Maggiore, in Arona, he explained that “the
remains of the UFO, which in the drawings is described as a cylindrical
aircraft, with a bottleneck at the end, with portholes on the side, from
which white and red lights came out, were taken to the Siai-Marchetti
warehouses in Vergiate, where they remained for 12 years.

bodies of the pilots, preserved in formalin, were studied for a long
time. It is known that they were 1.80 tall, had light hair, and
oriental-looking blue eyes.

Another document, dated June 13, threatens the ‘immediate arrest’ and ‘maximum penalties’ for any journalists reporting news of an ‘aircraft of unknown nature and origin’. Credit:

is therefore understandable why Mussolini thought they were German
pilots, despite the authoritative contrary opinion of Marconi himself.

hypothesis advanced by Pinotti could also redefine the history of the
pre-war period: “The Duce believed, perhaps, that it would be
appropriate to ally himself with a military power like that of Nazi
Germany, capable of producing an aircraft never seen before, rather than
having her as an enemy.”

The craft itself was said to be made of
an unknown metal that was resistant to heat and corrosion, and had a
complex propulsion system and electromagnetic fields.

The Italian
dictator Benito Mussolini, who was fascinated by the phenomenon, ordered
the creation of a secret department called “Gabinetto RS/33” (or RS/33
Cabinet) to study the saucer and its technology. The department was
headed by Marconi and included scientists, engineers, and military
officers. Their goal was to reverse-engineer the alien craft and use it
for military purposes.

their plans were thwarted by the end of World War II, when Italy was
invaded by the Allied forces. According to some accounts, the American
troops seized the saucer and its remains and shipped them to the US,
where they became part of a covert program that collected and studied
multiple “non-human” flying saucers.

This program was allegedly
overseen by the National Reconnaissance Office (NRO), a highly secretive
intelligence agency that operates spy satellites.

The existence
of this program was recently revealed by David Grusch, a former NRO
officer who claims to have firsthand knowledge of it. Grusch says that
he has seen documents and photos that prove that the US government has
obtained several alien crafts over the years, including the one from
Italy in 1933. He also says that he has spoken to other former
intelligence officers who were part of the program and confirmed his

The 1933 UFO crash in Italy may be one of the oldest and
most forgotten cases in UAP history, but it may also be one of the most
important ones. It may hold clues to the origin and purpose of these
mysterious visitors, as well as their impact on human history and

Continue Reading


Generated by Feedzy