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Ancient alien life under the surface of Mars, scientists say



The detection of volcanic activity on Mars means that a heat source beneath the Martian surface could provide exactly the right conditions for microbial life. The discovery is reported in the scientific publication Nature Astronomy.

Decades ago, scientists thought there might be life on Mars, but new research supports the idea that ancient aliens could have lived deep below the surface of Mars.

Beneath the northern plains of the Red Planet, scientists have discovered a gigantic 4,000-kilometer reservoir of molten rock that provides the exact conditions in which microbes are known to thrive on Earth.

The discovery of this volcanically heated environment has been the most encouraging news for researchers looking for life in the solar system.

The co-author of the new study, Professor Jeff Andrews-Hannah, said: “Microbes on Earth thrive in these conditions. This may be true on Mars as well.”

Colleague Dr. Adrian Broquet added: “Our study presents ample evidence pointing to the presence of a colossal active mantle plume on present-day Mars.”
Mars has long been considered a geologically “dead” planet, as it has not had an earthquake or volcanic activity in the last 3 billion years. A new study suggests that the fourth planet from the Sun is very much alive.
Professor Andrews-Hanna said: “We have strong evidence for mantle plume activity on Earth and Venus. But this is unexpected for a planet as cold as Mars.”
Now scientists have come to the conclusion that volcanic activity is still ongoing on Mars, which potentially creates favorable conditions for microbial life.

Dr. Broke said: “The tremendous volcanic activity at the beginning of the planet’s history led to the formation of the highest volcanoes in the solar system and covered much of the northern hemisphere with volcanic deposits.”

The Elysium Planitia region is close to the Red Planet’s equator. Unlike other volcanic regions on Mars, which have not shown significant activity for billions of years, major eruptions have occurred here over the past 200 million years.

Professor Andrews-Hanna said a team of researchers earlier found evidence of the youngest volcanic eruption known to scientists in the Elysium Planitia region.

“It was a small volcanic ash ejection about 53,000 years ago, which is essentially yesterday in geologic time,” she said.

Dr Broquet said: “We know that there is no plate tectonics on Mars, so we investigated whether the activity we are seeing in the Cerberus Fossae region could be the result of a mantle plume.”

The researchers obtained data from seismic data recorded by the InSight lander that landed on the Red Planet four years ago. It turned out that InSight landed right on top of an active mantle plume.

The discovery reported in Nature Astronomy.

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Alien space debris stuck in Earth’s orbit, researchers say




Recently, a group of experts from Harvard University, led by physics
professor Avi Loeb, announced the possible presence of alien space
debris in Earth’s orbit, reports the Daily Star.

space research expert Professor Loeb is confident that the discovery of
such “interstellar objects could help expand our knowledge of possible
alien civilizations and technologies. A team of scientists is conducting
research to confirm that some of the objects in our orbit may be
connected to other star systems.

During an interview with Live
Science, Professor Loeb explained that these objects could enter the
solar system from interstellar space, defying Jupiter’s gravitational
pull and occupying limited orbits around the sun.

Some of them may
have technological origins similar to the probes sent by mankind into
interstellar space, such as Voyager 1 and Voyager 2, Pioneer 10 and 11
and New Horizons.

despite these interesting assumptions, Professor Loeb did not specify
what specific objects he was talking about. In his research report, he
notes that there could be “a significant number” of potentially
detectable objects in Earth’s orbit.

To confirm their assumptions,
the team of scientists uses computer simulations and the Vera Rubin
Observatory (Chile) with a high-resolution camera of 3.2 billion pixels.
This will allow for regular observations of the Southern sky and the
possibility of detecting several captured objects about the size of a
football field.

It is assumed that these interstellar objects passed through the
boundaries of the solar system and may carry unique information about
other civilizations and their technologies. If we could confirm the
origin of these objects, the mysteries that open before us, this would
be a real breakthrough in space exploration.

Professor Loeb
expresses hope that the new research will not only help expand our
knowledge of extraterrestrial technologies, but may also lead to the
discovery of new alien civilizations . Answers to such questions can be
of global significance and influence our understanding of the place of
mankind in the Universe.

while there are still many questions and assumptions, the study by
Professor Loeb and his team opens a new chapter in space exploration.
Each new discovery can be the key to deciphering the mysteries of the
cosmos and the possibility of encountering alien life forms.

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Betelgeuse is acting strange again




Betelgeuse, a red giant on the brink of death, continues to show
unusual behavior. After the Great Blackout, which occurred in late 2019
and early 2020, the star became unusually bright. It is now the seventh
brightest star in the sky, while it normally ranks tenth. This has led
to speculation that Betelgeuse is preparing to explode in a
spectacularly large supernova.

However, scientists believe it’s too early to tell, and it’s likely
that this behavior is due to ongoing fluctuations after the Great
Blackout of 2019, and the star will return to normal within a decade.

Betelgeuse is one of the most interesting stars in the sky. It is
about 700 light-years from Earth and is a red giant in the last stage of
its life. It is also an unusual star for a red giant because it was
previously a monster blue-white O-type star, the most massive class of

Betelgeuse has changed its spectral type because it has almost
exhausted its hydrogen reserves. It now burns helium into carbon and
oxygen and has expanded to a gigantic size: about 764 times the size of
the Sun and about 16.5 to 19 times its mass.

Eventually it will run out of fuel to burn, become a supernova, eject
its outer material, and its core will collapse into a neutron star.

Before the Great Blackout, Betelgeuse also had periodic fluctuations
in brightness. The longest of these cycles is about 5.9 years and the
other is 400 days. But it seems that the Great Blackout caused changes
in these oscillations.

A new paper by astrophysicist Morgan McLeod of the
Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics has shown that the 400-day
cycle appears to have been halved. This pulsational cycle is probably
caused by expansion and contraction within the star. According to
simulations carried out by MacLeod and his colleagues, the convective
flow inside Betelgeuse may have risen and become material that separates
from the star.

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