Strange Extraterrestrial Life Might Be Hiding Inside Stars
Absolutely all programs for the search for extraterrestrial life are focused on the study of exoplanets, which are similar in many respects or were once similar to Earth in the distant past.
However, physicists Louis Anchordochi and Eugene Chudnovsky of the City University of New York consider this approach irrational, depriving us of a coherent picture of the world order.
Life, in their opinion, can have completely bizarre forms and even live, for example, in the bowels of stars.
The authors of the study do not claim that highly developed alien civilizations are hiding inside the stars, but they do not exclude the possibility that “something” can live there, leaving behind offspring before it is destroyed by heat and pressure.
Undoubtedly, the study is largely speculative, but it expands the search for extraterrestrial life.
If we really want to find “brothers in mind”, then we must consider various options and admit the impossible, which does not fit in our head.
It is quite possible that even inside our Sun there is also a life form completely unidentified for us.
Strange extraterrestrial life
According to the hypothesis of Anchordoka and Chudnovsky, life in the interiors of stars can be based not on DNA, like life on Earth, but, for example, on monopole particles – elementary particles with one magnetic pole, which are able to quickly form massive structures and reproduce themselves.
This may well provide something like genetic mutations without the participation of DNA, which will assign new traits to offspring, perhaps even before the appearance of intelligence.
“Compared to the lifetime of a star, its lifetime is an instantaneous spark of light in the dark. What is important is that such a spark manages to produce more sparks before it fades away, thus providing a long lifespan of the species,” the researchers write.
“The complexity evolving through mutations and natural selection increases with the number of generations passed. Consequently, if lifetimes of self-replicating nuclear species are as short as lifetimes of many unstable composite nuclear objects are, they can quickly evolve toward enormous complexity.”
Hypothetically speaking, it’s perhaps possible that such a life-form could develop intelligence, and maybe even serious smarts, Chudnovsky says.
The authors of the study believe that hypothetical guests of the interior of stars should be sought inside those luminaries that cool and dim abnormally quickly.
The strange behavior of the star can be explained by the unquenchable activity of bizarre life, “feeding” on the thermonuclear energy that surrounds it.
What such a species would look like is a feast for the imagination. But we don’t have to know what they look like to search for signs of their presence.
Because such organisms would use some of the energy of their host star to survive and propagate, stars that seem to cool faster than stellar models can account for could be hosts for what the researchers call “nuclear life”.
Several such stars have been observed, and their slightly accelerated cooling is still a mystery. Stars that dim erratically without explanation could be a good place to look, too – like EPIC 249706694.
The researchers are careful to note that to link these stars to nuclear life would be an extremely long bow to draw. But there are interesting anomalies out there. And interesting possibilities too.
“The universe may be saturated with life that is so different from life on Earth that we cannot even identify its existence,” the scientists added.
Extraterrestrial life may be hiding in “terminator zones”
In a study published in the Astrophysical Journal, astrophysicists set out to find out if exoplanets could support life.
Astronomers have come to the conclusion that on the surface of some exoplanets there is a strip that may contain water, necessary for the existence of biological life. The terminator zone is the dividing line between the day and night sides of an exoplanet.
Many exoplanets are planets outside the solar system held by gravity. This means that one side of the planet is always facing the star they orbit, while the other side is in constant darkness.
The water on the dark side will most likely be in a frozen state, while on the light side it will be so hot that the water should just evaporate.
The terminator zone would be a “friendly place” – neither too hot nor too cold – in which liquid water could support extraterrestrial life.
Dr. Ana Lobo of the University of California, said: “The day side can be scalding hot, much uninhabitable, while the night side will be icy, potentially covered in ice. You need a planet that’s the right temperature for liquid water.”
“We’re trying to draw attention to planets with more limited amounts of water that, despite not having widespread oceans, might have lakes or other smaller bodies of liquid water, and that climate could actually be very promising.”
“By exploring these exotic climate states, we are improving our chances of finding and correctly identifying a habitable planet in the near future.”
The researchers created a model of their climate by analyzing different temperatures, wind patterns and radiative forcing, and found the “correct” zone on exoplanets that could contain life-supporting liquid water.
Researchers who are looking for life on exoplanets will now take into account the fact that it can hide in certain areas.
Astronomers discover the strongest evidence for another Universe before the Big Bang
The notion of the Big Bang goes back nearly 100 years, when the first evidence for the expanding Universe appeared.
If the Universe is expanding and cooling today, that implies a past that was smaller, denser, and hotter. In our imaginations, we can extrapolate back to arbitrarily small sizes, high densities, and hot temperatures: all the way to a singularity, where all of the Universe’s matter and energy was condensed in a single point.
For many decades, these two notions of the Big Bang — of the hot dense state that describes the early Universe and the initial singularity — were inseparable.
But beginning in the 1970s, scientists started identifying some puzzles surrounding the Big Bang, noting several properties of the Universe that weren’t explainable within the context of these two notions simultaneously.
When cosmic inflation was first put forth and developed in the early 1980s, it separated the two definitions of the Big Bang, proposing that the early hot, dense state never achieved these singular conditions, but rather that a new, inflationary state preceded it.
There really was a Universe before the hot Big Bang, and some very strong evidence from the 21st century truly proves that it’s so.
Although we’re certain that we can describe the very early Universe as being hot, dense, rapidly expanding, and full of matter-and-radiation — i.e., by the hot Big Bang — the question of whether that was truly the beginning of the Universe or not is one that can be answered with evidence.
The differences between a Universe that began with a hot Big Bang and a Universe that had an inflationary phase that precedes and sets up the hot Big Bang are subtle, but tremendously important. After all, if we want to know what the very beginning of the Universe was, we need to look for evidence from the Universe itself.
Read the full article here.
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