Neanderthals and humans were engaged in brutal guerrilla-style warfare across the globe for over 100,000 years, evidence shows.
It is known that Neanderthals and modern humans descended from the same evolutionary branch. Our genome is 99.7% similar.
About 600 thousand years ago, our ancestors split into two parts. Those who later became known as Homo neanderthalensis set out to explore Eurasia. Homo sapiens remained in Africa for several hundred millennia.
However, then the sapiens, following their cousins, also went to another continent. Now archaeologists and anthropologists are investigating how these two species coexisted in the same territories, reports sciencealert.com.
Both Neanderthals and sapiens were skilled hunters, good fighters, and good organization skills. However, due to the structural features of the body, the ancestors of modern people were more prolific.
This was one of the reasons why they made an exodus from Africa – in search of resources for food.
However, by this time Neanderthals had occupied the richest territories of Eurasia, and this led to a long period of rivalry between the two species.
At the same time, due to the similarity between the genomes of humans and Neanderthals, scientists concluded that our relatives had the same instincts to protect and protect their territories as we do.
Nicolas Longrich, senior lecturer in evolutionary biology and paleontology at the University of Bath, believes that the struggle for dominance in Eurasia has gone on for more than 100,000 years.
“The best evidence that the Neanderthals not only fought but also succeeded in war is that they were not immediately defeated. Instead, for about 100,000 years, Neanderthals resisted the expansion of modern humans,” says the scientist.
He also notes that, based on everything that researchers know about the habits of modern people, one could hardly expect that, having met rivals in vast territories rich in prey, people would allow them to stay nearby.
One of the reasons why the sapiens sought to exterminate the Neanderthals could be a demographic factor.
“Population growth inevitably forces people to seize more land in order to provide enough territory for hunting and foraging for their offspring,” the paleontologist added.
However, the fact that the struggle lasted so long proves that the Neanderthals were no less dexterous, skillful and courageous warriors than our species. In armament, tactics, strategy, people and Neanderthals were approximately equal.
However, at some point there came a turning point in this war. What caused this is not known for certain. One of the likely factors, scientists believe the invention of long-range weapons.
“Perhaps the invention of ranged weapons – bows, spear throwers, throwing clubs allowed the more graceful Homo sapiens to defeat stocky Neanderthals from afar. Using hit and run tactics,” Nicholas Longrich reflects.
Another reason could be the ingenuity of sapiens, which allowed them to get more prey with less effort. And, therefore, it is better to feed your men, who have more strength for long fights.
In addition, more plentiful and satisfying food increased the survival rate of children, and, therefore, gave numerical superiority to sapiens.
The scientist also emphasizes that if the Neanderthals were pacifists, as some researchers tend to believe, the war would have ended much faster.
Probably, sapiens at some point were able to become more skilled warriors than their relatives. This was the reason that modern people conquered the planet.
Private Jets Headed To Global Warming Conference “Literally Frozen On Runway”
world leaders spoke at a ‘global warming’ conference in Dubai, located
in the heart of the Arabian Desert, discussing the usual: banning gas
stoves, cow farts, and petrol-powered vehicles, a powerful snowstorm
grounded all flights at Munich Airport in Germany.
in Munich on the way to Dubai global warming conference are literally
frozen on the runway, which has turned into a glacier,” said Ryan Maue, a
meteorologist and former NOAA chief scientist.
jets in Munich on the way to Dubai global warming conference are
literally frozen on the runway, which has turned into a glacier. https://t.co/Q2s9J5cLkE
— Ryan Maue (@RyanMaue) December 2, 2023
All flights have been canceled at Munich Airport.
Munich Airport traffic usually looks like on a Saturday afternoon
compared to today as the airport has closed due to heavy snowfall. MUC
is expected to reopen tomorrow at 0500 UTC.
Nearly 600 flights at MUC canceled today. pic.twitter.com/1sVaeqSiWr
— Flightradar24 (@flightradar24) December 2, 2023
If not in years, Munich might have received the most significant snowfall on record.
With 44 cm left on the ground this morning, Munich, Germany has officially experienced its biggest December snowstorm on record.
— Nahel Belgherze (@WxNB_) December 2, 2023
Another inconvenient truth…
Europe hasn’t seen a snow cover like this since 2010—60% is blanketed in white! ❄️ pic.twitter.com/zuDB1GfkxM
— Xavi Ruiz (@xruiztru) December 1, 2023
world leaders actually believed in global warming, they would’ve not
flown private jets to the desert. Furthermore, having a global warming
conference in an area where it snows is just bad optics for these
Gaza war worsening climate change threats, says Jordan’s king
Jordan’s king said Friday that war was making the threats from climate change even worse in the Gaza Strip, as hostilities resumed between Israel and Hamas after a week-long truce.
King Abdullah II told the UN’s COP28 climate talks in Dubai that “we
cannot talk about climate change in isolation from the humanitarian
tragedies unfolding around us”.
“In Gaza, over 1.7 million Palestinians have been displaced from
their homes. Tens of thousands have been injured or killed in a region
already on the front lines of climate change,” he told a gathering of
“The massive destruction of war makes the environmental threats of water scarcity and food insecurity even more severe.
“In Gaza our people are living with little clean water and the bare
minimum of food supplies, as climate threats magnify the devastation of
The Gaza war has been a major talking point at COP28, where
delegations from around the world will try to hammer out a fresh
agreement to tackle the climate crisis.
The conflict flared after Palestinian Hamas militants killed about
1,200 people, mostly civilians, and kidnapped about 240, according to
Israeli authorities, in an unprecedented attack on October 7.
In response, Israel vowed to eliminate Hamas and unleashed an air and
ground military campaign in Gaza that the Hamas government says killed
around 15,000 people, also mostly civilians.
Iran’s delegation walked out of the COP28 talks on Friday in protest
at Israel’s presence, which delegation chief Ali Akbar Mehrabian said
was “contrary to the goals and guidelines of the conference”, according
to the official IRNA news agency.
Israeli President Isaac Herzog is conducting talks on hostage
releases on the sidelines of the conference, while his Palestinian
counterpart Mahmoud Abbas cancelled a planned visit.
Agence France-Presse (AFP) is a French international news agency
headquartered in Paris, France. Founded in 1835 as Havas, it is the
world’s oldest news agency.
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