On The Moon Found Mystery Caves With A Temperature Suitable For Humans
Caves with temperatures suitable for human existence have been found on the Moon. These formations may be man-made, some theorists claim.
Most of you know that the moon has a very large range of temperature fluctuations. At least, a person can easily bake there during the day, and at night he will die from the cold.
On average, during the day on the sunny side, the heat can reach almost 130 degrees, and at night it can drop to -175. It turns out that for the existence of a person on an earthly satellite, special suits and modules are needed that can withstand such a sharp change in temperature.
However, not everything is as bad as it seems. Two caves have been discovered on the Moon that have amazed astronomers. The fact is that for some reason the temperature in their cavities is stable and ranges from 60 degrees to 70.
That is, quite comfortable conditions for human existence. Another important advantage is protection against meteorites. The caves are located near the crater and go one and a half hundred meters deep, thus forming a natural tunnel.
American researchers are seriously considering using this discovery to build a lunar scientific base there. For a more detailed examination of the find, a research apparatus will go to the caves in the next five years.
At the moment, using thermal imagers and a spectroscope, scientists have found out the temperature and depth of formation. The next step will be to study the caves from the inside in order to understand how they appeared on the moon.
Employees of the Ufological Society of the United States believe that the cave could have appeared naturally only if rivers once flowed there. Most likely, the reasons for the formation of caves are the development of lunar rocks. This means that contact with representatives of an unknown civilization, or at least the discovery of any artifacts, is quite possible.
About 15 years ago, Soviet and Russian astrophysicist Kirill Butusov said that he saw through a telescope how two triangular UFOs descended into the crater on the surface of the Moon and began to drill the ground.
Then almost no one listened to the words of the elderly researcher. Perhaps in vain.
By the way, many ufologists believe that aliens are still in these caves. From time to time, UFOs fly up to the Earth’s satellite and hide in its craters. Maybe they fly into these caves, which serve as entrances to the larger lunar cavities?
In this case, a constant comfortable temperature can be explained – special installations of aliens maintain the conditions for existence. But so far this is nothing more than a hypothesis, which has yet to be confirmed or refuted.
Extraterrestrial life may be hiding in “terminator zones”
In a study published in the Astrophysical Journal, astrophysicists set out to find out if exoplanets could support life.
Astronomers have come to the conclusion that on the surface of some exoplanets there is a strip that may contain water, necessary for the existence of biological life. The terminator zone is the dividing line between the day and night sides of an exoplanet.
Many exoplanets are planets outside the solar system held by gravity. This means that one side of the planet is always facing the star they orbit, while the other side is in constant darkness.
The water on the dark side will most likely be in a frozen state, while on the light side it will be so hot that the water should just evaporate.
The terminator zone would be a “friendly place” – neither too hot nor too cold – in which liquid water could support extraterrestrial life.
Dr. Ana Lobo of the University of California, said: “The day side can be scalding hot, much uninhabitable, while the night side will be icy, potentially covered in ice. You need a planet that’s the right temperature for liquid water.”
“We’re trying to draw attention to planets with more limited amounts of water that, despite not having widespread oceans, might have lakes or other smaller bodies of liquid water, and that climate could actually be very promising.”
“By exploring these exotic climate states, we are improving our chances of finding and correctly identifying a habitable planet in the near future.”
The researchers created a model of their climate by analyzing different temperatures, wind patterns and radiative forcing, and found the “correct” zone on exoplanets that could contain life-supporting liquid water.
Researchers who are looking for life on exoplanets will now take into account the fact that it can hide in certain areas.
Astronomers discover the strongest evidence for another Universe before the Big Bang
The notion of the Big Bang goes back nearly 100 years, when the first evidence for the expanding Universe appeared.
If the Universe is expanding and cooling today, that implies a past that was smaller, denser, and hotter. In our imaginations, we can extrapolate back to arbitrarily small sizes, high densities, and hot temperatures: all the way to a singularity, where all of the Universe’s matter and energy was condensed in a single point.
For many decades, these two notions of the Big Bang — of the hot dense state that describes the early Universe and the initial singularity — were inseparable.
But beginning in the 1970s, scientists started identifying some puzzles surrounding the Big Bang, noting several properties of the Universe that weren’t explainable within the context of these two notions simultaneously.
When cosmic inflation was first put forth and developed in the early 1980s, it separated the two definitions of the Big Bang, proposing that the early hot, dense state never achieved these singular conditions, but rather that a new, inflationary state preceded it.
There really was a Universe before the hot Big Bang, and some very strong evidence from the 21st century truly proves that it’s so.
Although we’re certain that we can describe the very early Universe as being hot, dense, rapidly expanding, and full of matter-and-radiation — i.e., by the hot Big Bang — the question of whether that was truly the beginning of the Universe or not is one that can be answered with evidence.
The differences between a Universe that began with a hot Big Bang and a Universe that had an inflationary phase that precedes and sets up the hot Big Bang are subtle, but tremendously important. After all, if we want to know what the very beginning of the Universe was, we need to look for evidence from the Universe itself.
Read the full article here.
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