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Astronomers Acknowledge The Sun’s Evil Twin Exists And Is Heading Our Way



Astronomers have been on the lookout for the Sun’s ‘evil’ twin ever since the 1980s, when a scientist named Richard Muller theorized about the massive extinction events occurring on earth roughly every 26 million years. Today, researchers seem closer then ever to unraveling this mystery.

Members of the scientific community are well aware of these events, and it’s widely accepted that they were caused by impacting comets and asteroids. These almost regular events, Muller proposed, were caused by none other than the Sun’s twin, dubbed Nemesis after the Greek goddess of divine retribution.
His idea became very controversial across the years, since astronomers have found no trace of the star after decades of sky surveys, that is until now. But, before going into details about the newly acquired evidence, let’s have a look at Muller’s theory.
According to him, there is another star orbiting our sun every 26 million years at a length of 1 to 3 light years from our sun. It may seem very far, but it’s not that much on a galactic scale where the closes known star – Proxima Centauri, is just 4.2 light years away from us.
When Nemesis approaches the sun on its irregular orbit, it disrupts the Ort Cloud – a conglomeration of comets, asteroids and meteors located approximately 1 light year away from the Sun, just at the edge of our solar system. As a result of the collision, these celestial bodies are sent hurtling towards the inner system.
Nemesis is described as a brown dwarf. In other words, it is a failed star, too tiny to sustain nuclear fusion, gassy, dark and hard to spot, but seemingly with an ardent desire to smack everything interfering with its path.
It’s no wonder Muller’s idea was subject to disbelief, since no one was able to spot this rogue star, nor find a similar star to orbit at such a great distance. However, a new mathematical model from UC Berkeley has unveiled just that. Even more, data suggest that almost every star is born with a companion, not excluding our sun.
The team of astronomers at Berkeley have scouted the Perseus Cloud – a stelar fabric approximately 600 light years away, to count the single and binary star systems. A total of 45 single-star systems and 19 binary-star systems were identified.
After analyzing various sets of data, they reached the conclusion that wide binary systems where two stars are further than 500 astronomical units (AU) apart, the stars were younger than 500,000 years. The rest of the stars between 5000,000 and 1 million years, all stood closer, at about 200 AU.
The Perseus cloud appears in the sky as a black spot, since it’s made up of dense gas and dust that blocks light from stars inside and behind it (Credit: FORS Team, 8.2-meter VLT Antu, ESO)
This survey is more than just a coincidence to researchers involved, and believe they have stumbled across a cosmic pattern.
“This has not been seen before or tested, and is super interesting,” notes Sarah Sadavoy, lead author of the study. “We don’t yet know quite what it means, but it isn’t random and must say something about the way wide binaries form.”
Craving for additional answers, the team underwent a series of computer simulations to outline several scenarios. Data showed that all stars with masses compared to that of the Sun come into existence as part of a wide binary system.
With the passing of time, around 60 percent of them break up and arrange into single-star systems, while the others approach and turn into tight binaries.
This being said, although no traces of Nemesis were found so far, the sun is likely to have a wandering evil twin that’s lurking beyond the solar system somewhere within the Milky Way.
“We are saying, yes, there probably was a Nemesis, a long time ago,” said Steven Stahler, co-author of the study.
“We ran a series of statistical models to see if we could account for the relative populations of young single stars and binaries of all separations in the Perseus molecular cloud, and the only model that could reproduce the data was one in which all stars form initially as wide binaries. These systems then either shrink or break apart within a million years.”
With the latest report from last year of disturbed objects hurtling towards the inner solar system, we can expect nemesis to arrive anytime soon, although probably not during our lifetime. But, i guess we’ll never know.
The study is available online, and will soon feature in the monthly notices of the royal astronomical society.
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Vatican Knows More About UFOs Than Intelligence Agencies




Are you still sure that intelligence agencies and scientists know more about extraterrestrial civilizations than anyone else? In fact, science centers, the CIA, and individuals like Elon Musk and Bill Gates know less about UFOs and alien visitations than the Pope. You may be surprised to learn that the Vatican has its own space exploration program.

The Vatican Observatory is an astronomical research and educational institution supported by the Holy See. Originally based in the Roman College of Rome, the Observatory is now headquartered in Castel Gandolfo, Italy, and operates a telescope at the Mount Graham International Observatory in the United States.

Indirect confirmation that the Vatican is “in the know” are the statements of Pope Francis and his predecessor about extraterrestrial life.

Cultists have repeatedly pointed out that people will soon get acquainted with extraterrestrial intelligence, learn more about extraterrestrial civilizations. And there is no doubt that the Vatican takes extraterrestrials more than seriously. For example, the possibility of converting them to Catholicism has been announced.

“Honestly, I wouldn’t know how to answer that,” the Pope replied, explaining that while scientific knowledge has so far ruled out the possibility of other thinking beings in the universe, “until America was discovered, we thought it didn’t exist, and instead it did,” Pope Francis said.

“But in any case, I think we should stick to what scientists tell us, still aware that the Creator is infinitely greater than our knowledge.”

Francis said the one thing he is sure of in the universe and the world we live in is that it is “not the result of chance or chaos,” but rather of divine intelligence.

Yes, the Vatican’s research power pales in comparison to NASA’s latest technological advances, but the facts speak for themselves.

Until the 19th century, this religious organization was known for opening astronomical observatories and scientific schools where young and able scientists were trained in the technique of observing space.

The Vatican Observatory, which still exists today, is one of the oldest and most authoritative on a planetary scale.

But that’s not all. It turns out that the Vatican also has a space program that, according to experts, is not much inferior to the program of the same NASA.

The Vatican has quite modern and powerful telescopes and other observation equipment. The largest telescope observes the universe in the infrared range and significantly exceeds the capabilities of analogues.

And another interesting fact to ponder. While the Vatican conducts space research, more and more people on Earth begin to believe in the reality of extraterrestrial life.

According to statistics, in 1990 this number was estimated at 27% of the world’s population. In 2000 it increased to 33%. Now it is approaching the 65% mark. Thus, the Vatican’s awareness of extraterrestrial life can be seen as a “fire of knowledge”.

Jesuit Father Jose Funes, director of the Vatican Observatory, said Christians should consider alien life as an “extraterrestrial brother” and part of God’s creation.

Father Funes said it is difficult to rule out the possibility that other intelligent life exists in the universe, and he noted that a field of astronomy is now actively searching for “biomarkers” in the spectral analysis of other stars and planets.

These potential forms of life could include those that do not require oxygen or hydrogen, he said. Just as God created multiple forms of life on Earth, he said, there may be multiple forms of life throughout the universe.

“This is not contrary to faith, because we cannot place limits on God’s creative freedom,” he said.

“To use the words of St. Francis, if we consider earthly creatures to be ‘brothers’ and ‘sisters,’ why can’t we also speak of an ‘extraterrestrial brother,'” he said.

According to some scientists, the goals and objectives of church officials have changed somewhat. Now they are clearly focused on preparing humanity for an encounter with extraterrestrials.

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Potential ‘portal’ discovered that could be a wormhole in our galaxy




Science has long been interested in the so-called wormholes. These are tunnels in space-time, giving, so far only theoretically, the possibility of instantaneous movement between galaxies.

Recently, for the first time, it turned out that in our Galaxy there is an object similar to a wormhole. It is located at a distance of 1566 light years from us, by space standards within easy reach.

Portals between universes or galaxies are theoretically possible, their existence does not contradict the laws of physics. Albert Einstein and Nathan Rosen stated this back in the 1930s.

Later, several theories appeared, in their own way explaining the likelihood of such travel using the so-called wormholes.

One such hypothesis compares a wormhole and a black hole. The entrances to them as a region of powerful gravity are very similar. Based on this analogy, scientists hope that tunnels in space-time can be detected, including using the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT), the main purpose of which is to observe black holes.

EHT is a complex of radio telescopes located in different parts of the world. With his help, several discoveries have already been made, last year he found a black hole in the center of our native galaxy

In general, there are supposedly millions of such black holes in the Milky Way, and most importantly, some of them are potentially the mouths of wormholes.

Astrophysicists in the United States and Germany recently discovered the first such object. This is Gaia BH1, an object ten times the size of the Sun, located 1566 light-years from Earth.

Gaia BH1 has a Sun-like star orbiting it. Usually, in such binary systems, the black hole is “fed” by the star, simultaneously emitting powerful X-rays. But this black hole does not attract matter to itself and does not radiate anything. Astronomers conventionally call such mysterious objects “sleeping” black holes. They have never before been found in our galaxy.

This is either a “sleeping” black hole, or a perfectly suitable candidate for the “role” of a wormhole. The discovery was made possible by the highly functional Gaia space telescope and the ground-based Gemini telescopes.

Traditionally, a classical wormhole is represented as a three-dimensional tube in a curved two-dimensional space. This does not contradict general relativity, but most scientists believe that such tunnels are only stable if they are filled with exotic matter of negative energy density, which creates a strong gravitational repulsion and prevents the cavity from collapsing.

However, there are also other opinions. For example, Pascal Koiran, professor of computer science at Ecole Normale Superieure of Lyon, published calculations according to which exotic matter is not needed to pass through the wormhole at the level of elementary particles.

Traveling through a wormhole could look like a surreal and disorienting experience. It may appear as if you are traveling through a tunnel of bright light and time is passing by quickly.

You may feel as if you are being transported from one place to another without actually moving. As you move through the wormhole, you could experience changes in gravity or shifts in the space-time continuum.

The inside of the tunnel may appear to be made out of strange and exotic particles, with colors and shapes that seem out of this world. In some cases, the tunnel may even be filled with a mysterious form of energy that seems to be alive.

Wormholes were and remain today the only chance for interstellar flights. So scientists will continue their research, no matter how fantastic they may seem.

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