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Wildmen Of The Himalayas: Encounters With Yeti

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Writings of British officials residing in the Himalayan region of the Indian subcontinent during the nineteenth century contain sporadic references to sightings and footprints of wildmen called Yeti.

The Yeti were first mentioned by B. H. Hodgson, who from 1820 to 1843 served as British resident at the Nepalese court. Hodgson reported that in the course of a journey through northern Nepal his bearers were frightened by the sight of a hairy, tailless, humanlike creature.
Many will suggest, on hearing a report like this (and hundreds have been recorded since Hodgson’s time), that the Nepalese mistook an ordinary animal for a Yeti.
The usual candidates for mistaken identity are bears and the langur monkey. But it is hard to imagine that lifelong residents of the Himalayas, intimately familiar with the wildlife, would have made such mistakes. Myra Shackley observed that Yeti are found in Nepalese and Tibetan religious paintings depicting hierarchies of living beings.
“Here,” said Shackley, “bears, apes, and langurs are depicted separate from the wildman, suggesting there is no confusion (at least in the minds of the artists) between these forms.”
During the nineteenth century, at least one European reported personally seeing a captured animal that resembled a Yeti. A South African man told anthropologist Myra Shackley:
“Many years ago in India, my late wife’s mother told me how her mother had actually seen what might have been one of these creatures at Mussorie, in the Himalayan foothills. This semi-human was walking upright, but was obviously more animal than human with hair covering its whole body. It was reportedly caught up in the snows… his captors had it in chains.”
During the twentieth century, sightings by Europeans of wildmen and their footprints continued, increasing during the Himalayan mountain-climbing expeditions.
In November of 1951, Eric Shipton, while reconnoitering the approaches to Mt. Everest, found footprints on the Menlung glacier, near the border between Tibet and Nepal, at an elevation of 18,000 feet. Shipton followed the trail for a mile.
A close-up photograph of one of the prints has proved convincing to many. The footprints were quite large. John R. Napier considered and rejected the possibility that the particular size and shape of the best Shipton footprint could have been caused by melting of the snow.
In the end, Napier suggested that the Shipton footprint was the result of superimposed human feet, one shod and the other unshod.
In general, Napier, who was fully convinced of the existence of the North American Sasquatch, was highly skeptical of the evidence for the Yeti. But, as we shall see later in this section, new evidence would cause Napier to become more inclined to accept the Himalayan wildmen.
In the course of his expeditions to the Himalaya Mountains in the 1950s and 1960s, Sir Edmund Hillary gave attention to evidence for the Yeti, including footprints in snow.
He concluded that in every case the large footprints attributed to the Yeti had been produced by the merging of smaller tracks of known animals. To this Napier, himself a skeptic, replied:
“No one with any experience would confuse a melted footprint with a fresh one. Not all the prints seen over the years by reputable observers can be explained away in these terms; there must be other explanations for footprints, including, of course, the possibility that they were made by an animal unknown to science.”
In addition to Westerners, native informants also gave a continuous stream of reports on the Yeti. For example, in 1958 Tibetan villagers from Tharbaleh, near the Rongbuk glacier, came upon a drowned Yeti, said Myra Shackley in her book on wildmen. The villagers described the creature as being like a small man with a pointed head and covered with reddish-brown fur.
Some Buddhist monasteries claim to have physical remains of the Yeti. One category of such relics is Yeti scalps, but the ones studied by Western scientists are thought to have been made from the skins of known animals.
In 1960, Sir Edmund Hillary mounted an expedition to collect and evaluate evidence for the Yeti and sent a Yeti scalp from the Khumjung monastery to the West for testing. The results indicated that the scalp had been manufactured from the skin of the serow, a goat-like Himalayan antelope.
But some disagreed with this analysis. Shackley said they,
“pointed out that hairs from the scalp look distinctly monkey-like, and that it contains parasitic mites of a species different from that recovered from the serow.”
In the 1950s, explorers sponsored by American businessman Tom Slick obtained samples from a mummified Yeti hand kept at Pangboche, Tibet. Laboratory tests were inconclusive, but Shackley said the hand “has some curiously anthropoid features.”
In May of 1957, the Kathmandu Commoner carried a story about a Yeti head that had been kept for 25 years in the village of Chilunka, about 50 miles northeast of Kathmandu, Nepal.
In March of 1986, Anthony B. Wooldridge was making a solo run through the Himalayas of northernmost India on behalf of a small third world development organization. While proceeding along a forested snow-covered slope near Hemkund, he noticed fresh tracks and took photographs of them, including a close-up of a single print that resembled the one photographed by Eric Shipton in 1951.
Pressing onward, Wooldridge came to a recent avalanche and saw a shallow furrow, apparently caused by a large object sliding across the snow. At the end of the furrow, he saw more tracks, which led to a distant shrub, behind which stood “a large, erect shape perhaps up to 2 meters [about 6 feet] tall.”
Wooldridge, realizing it might be a Yeti, moved to within 150 meters (about 500 feet) and took photos.
“It was standing with its legs apart,” he stated, “apparently looking down the slope, with its right shoulder turned towards me. The head was large and squarish, and the whole body appeared to be covered with dark hair.”

In Wooldridge’s opinion, the creature was definitely not a monkey, bear, or ordinary human being.

Wooldridge observed the creature for 45 minutes but had to leave when the weather worsened. On the way back to his base, he took more photographs of the footprints, but by this time they had become distorted by melting.
On his return to England, Wooldridge showed his photographic evidence to scientists interested in the wildman question, including John Napier. At a distance of 150 meters, the creature appeared quite small on the 35 mm film, but enlargements did show something humanlike.
Describing the reactions of those who saw his photos, Wooldridge stated:
“John Napier, a primatologist and author of the 1973 book Bigfoot: The Yeti and Sasquatch in Myth and Reality, has reversed the skeptical position he had previously expressed, and now describes himself as a Yeti devotee.
Myra Shackley, an archaeologist and author of the 1983 book Wildmen: Yeti, Sasquatch and the Neanderthal Enigma, has seen the full sequence of photographs, and believes that the whole experience is very consistent with other reports of Yeti sightings. Lord Hunt, leader of the successful 1953 Mount Everest Expedition, who has twice seen Yeti tracks himself, is similarly convinced.”
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Eric Shipton Discovers Possible yeti Footprints on Mount Everest

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In the fall of 1951, English mountain climbers Eric Shipton and Dr. Michael Ward were exploring routes to climb Mount Everest from Nepal. While on this mission Shipton discovered some huge footprints in the snow, possibly belonging to the fabled Yeti.

The strange footprints discovered on Mount Everest by Eric Shipton, Photo: Wikimedia Commons.

Eric Shipton’s Everest Expedition

Eric Shipton’s expedition team including Edmund Hillary who later became the first man to reach the summit of Everest. Photo: Curious Archive

In 1951, when Mount Everest wasn’t a busy tourist spot, two English mountain climbers, Eric Shipton and Dr. Michael Ward, joined a trip to figure out how to reach Everest’s summit from Nepal. Shipton led the expedition, and their discoveries helped plan the successful climb by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953. This expedition not only mapped the way up the tallest mountain but also marked a return to climbing after a pause during World War II.

The Yeti Footprints

At an altitude of around 15-16,000 feet, Shipton and Ward came across an unusual sight – a set of strange footprints in the snow in the Menlung Basin. Because they didn’t have proper tools to measure the footprints, they improvised using an ice pick, a backpack, and Michael Ward’s left boot. Shipton took photos as they closely examined what they found.

In one photo, comparing the boot to a footprint(below), it was evident that the print was much wider than a normal human foot, almost twice as wide, as Ward estimated. The footprint’s toes looked strange, with the big toe being lower and larger than expected for a human. It raised questions about how someone could walk in the snow without foot protection in freezing temperatures, even if it was a human print.

The photo of the Yeti footprint with Shipton’s Boot on Everest

Perplexed, Shipton and Ward tracked the mysterious footprints down the glacier for about a mile until they set up camp for the night. A few days later, their teammates W. H. Murray and Tom Bourdillon joined them and examined the peculiar footprints. Bourdillon noted in his diary that the prints had become somewhat distorted by the sun by the time he reached them, but he still found them surprising and unexplained.

After the photos were published, several expeditions took place in the Himalayas and Central Asia to determine if the creature in Shipton’s photographs actually existed. However, no evidence was found to prove the existence of the Yeti. Some accused Shipton of staging a hoax, but others who had seen the footprints vouched for the authenticity of Shipton’s photographs.

Possible Explanations for the Footprints

Deformed Humans

While the footprints could be evidence of Yeti living in the Himalayas there are a number of other theories about where these footprints could have come from.

Dr. Michael Ward, a medical doctor who was a part of Shipton’s expedition had an interesting theory about the footprints. He believed that the footprints could have been made by a local Tibetan with differently-shaped feet. In communities without easy access to medical help, foot abnormalities from birth might remain.

Dr Ward had seen Tibetans with deformed feet and some who walked with bare feet in the snow.

One case occurred during the Silver Hut Expedition in 1960-1961, which stayed at 19,000ft in the Everest region during the winter. A 35-year-old Nepalese pilgrim named Man Bahadur, who usually lived at 6000ft, visited. He spent 14 days at 15,300ft and above, not wearing shoes or gloves throughout. He walked in the snow and on rocks with bare feet without getting frostbite. He had minimal clothing and no sleeping bag or protective gear except a woolen coat.

He was monitored for four days without shelter between 16,500ft and 17,500ft, with temperatures as low as -13°C to -15°C at night and below freezing during the day. Eventually, he developed cracks in his toe skin, which became infected, and he went to lower levels for treatment. If any European members of the group had followed the same routine, they would likely have suffered severe frostbite and hypothermia.

Bears

Yeti researcher Daniel C. Taylor believes he has convincingly proven that Yeti prints are made by Asiatic Black bears standing on their hind legs. He has recreated the footprints in the snow using casts from a black bear and believes them to be very similar.

Taylor believes that the long footprints in the snow from 1951 were made by the Asiatic black bear, known as Ursus thibetanus. When the bear put its front paw down, it didn’t press too hard into the snow, so the claws on the front paw didn’t leave clear marks. After that, the hind paw landed on the back part of the print, stretching it to about twelve inches in length.

The Nepalese Legend of the Yeti

Certain local Sherpas think that the Himalayas are home to unusual beings, and they view the Yeti (also commonly called the “abominable snowman”) as a guardian. On the other hand, some believe it to be a threat.

“There is a kind of mysterious creature that lives in the Himalayas,” explained Ang Tshering Sherpa, leader of the Nepal Mountaineering Association in Katmandu, who is from the Khumbu region.

Bob Gymlan discuses why he believes the footprints found by Eric Shipton are evidence of the existence of Yeti

Do you think there are Yeti in the Himalayas? Tell us your theories in the comments!

If you enjoyed this article you might also be interested in a child lost in the woods that was protected by a bigfoot or a bigfoot that was hit by a train.

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NASA Zone F: Has NASA discovered strange creatures under the sea?

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What is the connection between NASA, Zone F and the Megalodon?

A massive shark is caught on camera prowling near a research vessel off the Massachusetts coast, creating a buzz on social media. What is the link between NASA Zone F and this elusive megalodon?

What is a Megalodon?

The megalodon, from Nasa Zone F, compared with normal sized sharks and a human

The megalodon is an incredible creature from the past that once roamed the depths of our ancient oceans. It is often referred to as the largest shark that ever lived. Despite being extinct for millions of years, the sheer size and power of the megalodon continue to captivate our imaginations.

The megalodon was a massive shark, far larger than any shark we see in our oceans today. It is believed to have reached lengths of around 50 to 60 feet, which is like having three school buses parked end to end! Just thinking about it makes you realize how enormous this creature truly was. Its mouth alone was wide enough to swallow a human whole, with teeth that could grow up to 7 inches in length.

As a top predator, the megalodon had an insatiable appetite. It primarily fed on marine mammals, such as whales and seals, as well as large fish. With its powerful jaws and rows of sharp, triangular teeth, the megalodon would bite its prey with incredible force, incapacitating them instantly. Its strong body allowed it to swim swiftly, sneaking up on its unsuspecting victims, making it a true ocean hunter.

The megalodon was believed to inhabit oceans around the world during the Miocene and Pliocene epochs, which were about 2 to 20 million years ago. Its fossilized teeth have been found in various parts of the world, indicating its broad range. However, it suddenly disappeared from the Earth’s oceans, and scientists are still trying to determine the exact cause of its extinction. Some theories suggest that changes in climate and the decline in its prey population played significant roles.

What is NASA Zone F?

NASA Zone F has been employed for capturing satellite images of the Earth’s oceans, playing a crucial role in the identification and monitoring of oceanic phenomena. Leveraging cutting-edge technology, NASA holds the capability to unveil mysteries concealed beneath the ocean depths, potentially revealing the existence of the megalodon.

NASA scientists, in collaboration with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, are exploring the Earth’s hadal zone, the deepest parts of the oceans, to gain insights into extreme environments and develop technology for space exploration.

The hadal zone was once thought to be inhospitable, but discoveries of vibrant ecosystems around hydrothermal vents challenged that notion. Scientists are using autonomous underwater vehicles like Orpheus to map and study these depths, drawing parallels to environments on other planets, such as Jupiter’s moon Europa.

The challenges faced in exploring the hadal zone, with its extreme pressure and temperature conditions, provide valuable lessons for designing robotic missions in outer space.

Near the boundary between the inner and outer core of the Earth, there might be a decrease in how fast things are moving (negative velocity gradient). This could happen because there are elements in that area that produce heat. From a chemical standpoint, it’s expected that between one-third to more than half of all the Earth’s heat-producing elements are present below the upper mantle. This matches what we see in terms of heat coming out from the Earth’s surface.

When scientists conduct experiments at high pressure, they find that these heat-producing elements likely exist in the form of dioxides. These dioxides don’t mix well with the main rocks in the mantle under the temperature and pressure conditions found in the lower mantle. These heat-producing dioxides are very dense, possibly even denser than the liquid iron-nickel core of the Earth, so they might be moved to the boundary between the inner and outer core, known as the F zone.

it is possible that “Zone F” could represent a particular region in the Earth’s ocean where unique conditions exist, that allow the megalodon, to survive. It may have found a habitat in this specific zone due to favorable environmental conditions or the presence of certain prey species. This could mean that the megalodon still exists deep down in the ocean where they can hide away from human eyes.

The viral TikTok video of the Megalodon

Are these clips evidence that the megalodon still exists?

A huge shark was spotted from a research ship off the coast of Massachusetts in 2021, and a video of it has gone viral on social media.

The video was taken from the SSV Corwith Cramer, a research ship from the Sea Education Association. They were on a mission in the open ocean when they noticed the shark swimming next to the ship. A team member, Alex Albrecht, recorded the moment and shared it on TikTok, where it became viral. In the video, you can see the huge shark, some people think it might be a megalodon because of its size and shape, swimming slowly near the ship. Students on the ship can be heard shouting as the shark disappears into the water.

The sighting of the shark raised concerns, and NASA was contacted to check it out. Fortunately, it turned out that the shark wasn’t a threat. Satellite footage revealed that the mysterious shadow in the water was actually a group of harmless microbes. Even though the shark wasn’t dangerous, the video created a lot of excitement and got people interested in the idea that megalodons might still be living in our oceans.

Do you think megalodons still exist under the deep ocean? Tell us your theories in the comments.

if you enjoyed this article you might also be interested in a sea monster that attacked four teens off the coast of Florida or the Hook Island Sea Monster.

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