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The Patterson-Gimlin Film Of Bigfoot: What Skeptics Still Struggle To Explain

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The most famous of all alleged “Bigfootage” ever produced, the Patterson-Gimlin film remains an iconic artifact of the unknown.

Shot nearly five decades ago on Bluff Creek in California near the Oregon border, the minute-long scene recorded onto 16mm film by Roger Patterson accompanied by Bob Gimlin depicts a subject covered in brown hair walking upright away from the camera.
Frame # 352 captures the subject in its most memorable and revealing pose relative to the camera, an image which has since become the face of Sasquatch-related pop culture around the world.
Above: Frame 352 from the Patterson-Gimlin film of Bigfoot
In the 40+ years since the release of this alleged Bigfoot documentation dozens of brains have picked over its every detail. Some such as the late Dr. Dmitri D. Donskoy, a leading expert on human biomechanics, believed the subject to be nonhuman.
Others outright deemed it an easy-to-spot fraud, including the late “father of cryptozoology” zoologist Bernard Heuvelmans. Countless TV specials have aired the footage for the public to decide for themselves – oftentimes showing highly deteriorated copies of copies of copies.
Numerous people have come forward over the years claiming to have either manufactured a suit for the film or having been a performer in a suit in the film, providing little evidence beyond their own word and the testimony of friends and family.
Most folks with memories of the Patterson-Gimlin film recall a shaky, blurry, faded image with a brief glimpse of a hairy biped walking in the distance.
To refresh readers memories here’s a stabilized version of the Patterson-Gimlin film originally put together by amateur researcher M.K. Davis and modified by a member of the Reddit online community.
Unlike the original shaky footage captured by Patterson on foot, this clip lets viewers see the film as if it were shot on a tripod. For the first time viewers get a clear, steady glimpse of the subject walking and turning its head back toward the camera.
So what of it? Scientists think it’s fake and hoax confessions have been made, right? Yes, but the former isn’t as ubiquitous as one would think, and the latter overlap and lack any substantial proof to back them up.
The unsettling truth is that almost 50 years later, several key facts about the Patterson-Gimlin film still raise the possibility that the subject shown is not an actor in a suit, but an unidentified hominid of the American northwest.
Matching footprints were found at the site starting seven years prior to the film
Photographs and plaster casts of large footprints on or around Bluff Creek were being documented starting in 1960 and leading up to the alleged Patterson-Gimlin encounter seven years later.
Professor D. Jeffrey Meldrum of Idaho State University, an expert in primate locomotion, foot morphology, and one of the few academics willing to analyze alleged Sasquatch evidence at-length, concludes each of these footprints found near Bluff Creek match the same individual source.
Hoax theories thereby must conclude that Roger Patterson and Bob Gimlin were part of a coordinated effort involving several groups of unassociated people over seven years to create a specific Bigfoot identity for the sake of backing up a brief, shaky, film.
Not impossible nor improbable, but there are holes in this theory. For one, Patterson didn’t visit Bluff Creek for the first time until 1962, two years after the first of these matching footprints were documented.
Secondly, it’s a corroborating part of the narrative neither Patterson nor anyone else involved ever mentioned when trying to persuade others of the film’s authenticity. The link between the Bluff Creek prints was first noted by Meldrum decades later. Why go to all the trouble of building up alleged evidence over years only to omit it from your story?
Several respected anatomists, anthropologists, forensics examiners, and primatologists have analyzed the Patterson-Gimlin film throughout the decades. Many, including Meldrum, firmly believe in the film’s authenticity for a number of reasons including seemingly nonhuman dimensions and gait.
Others including the aforementioned Heuvelmans have been less favorable, pointing to hairy breasts and the subject’s seemingly too-casual demeanor as signs of fraud. However, of the six so-called unfavorable analyses of the footage, five couldn’t definitively say one way or the other.
Heuvelmans was the only one to say it was absolutely fake. Most of these unfavorable findings, such as the one reached by anatomist D.W. Grieve of the Royal Free Hospital School of Medicine in London, include opinions that the film is convincing enough to bring the researchers involved to the brink of believing in its authenticity.
The overwhelming majority of alleged Sasquatch footage is blurry and shaky to the point where discerning limbs is difficult enough, let alone further details about anatomy, behavior, and locomotion.
The Patterson-Gimlin film, however, offers enough of a look at the subject that only one of two conclusions can be made: it’s a human in a suit, or an unidentified hominid.
Despite being reduced to only these two options, over 80 percent of unfavorable scientific analysis of the Patterson-Gimlin film refuses to determine one way or the other, citing many convincing characteristics. If it’s fake, it’s so good it practically fools experts in every avenue of relevant science.
World-renowned makeup artists and costume designers believe if it was a suit, it’s a masterpiece.
Similar to the scientific response to the Patterson-Gimlin film, the opinions of Hollywood’s leading effects masters are divided as to whether the creature is real, but nearly unified by uncomfortable notions of legitimacy.
With that said, two major effects artists considered the creature to be fake. One was the late Academy award-winning Stan Winston of Aliens, Jurassic Park, Predator, and Terminator fame, who felt the suit looked unimpressive but whose work depicting primates and other hairy creatures ranks among his least revered or remembered.
The other is Rick Baker, creator of the Harry and the Hendersons creature costume, whose anecdotal dismissal, citing detailed knowledge of a suit being sold to prank Patterson, was later retracted by his studio.

The majority of professional makeup artists and costume designers familiar with the Patterson-Gimlin film consider the creature a work of unprecedented art if not the real deal.

The most notable was the late John Chambers, Academy award-winning creator of the costumes used in The Planet of the Apes released one year after the alleged Patterson-Gimlin encounter. Chambers stated that if the creature were fake it was achieved with skills surpassing his own.
Top brass at Disney believed their technicians wouldn’t be able to replicate the film either, and the technicians themselves refused to believe it was something accomplished artificially.
Not exactly smoking guns proving authenticity, but arguments counting on Roger Patterson’s ability to acquire such a suit must contend with the fact the cowboy and amateur Bigfoot hunter was connectionless, poor, and uneducated despite his self-taught skillsets.
Despite a well-funded attempt, no one has ever been able to duplicate the footage successfully.
Strictly speaking the burden is not on skeptics to prove the Patterson-Gimlin film is fake. However, that hasn’t stopped people from trying. The most famous and well-funded attempt to recreate the Patterson-Gimlin film to-date was conducted in 1998 by the British Broadcasting Corporation for inclusion in a program entitled X-Creatures.
Viewers were told the Patterson-Gimlin film was to be finally debunked through identical recreation. The program promised to prove it was possible to make a suit matching the subject seen in the footage.
Over 30 years after the alleged Bigfoot encounter on Bluff Creek, this was the supposedly similarly-looking suit revealed as proof the original creature could be faked by clever costume designers.
As of 2015 no one has successfully produced a duplicated version of the Patterson-Gimlin film. That doesn’t mean it can’t be done – it just hasn’t been done in nearly half a century despite a highly-publicized effort to do so.
Roger Patterson died of cancer in 1972, vowing to the very end that what he saw on Bluff Creek was a Bigfoot.
Bob Gimlin avoided the spotlight until the turn of the 21st century, when he began appearing at Bigfoot believers’ conferences, as adamant as ever that what he saw that fall day in 1967 was something nonhuman.
By Taylor Leonard, source: theghostdiaries.com
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Eric Shipton Discovers Possible yeti Footprints on Mount Everest

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In the fall of 1951, English mountain climbers Eric Shipton and Dr. Michael Ward were exploring routes to climb Mount Everest from Nepal. While on this mission Shipton discovered some huge footprints in the snow, possibly belonging to the fabled Yeti.

The strange footprints discovered on Mount Everest by Eric Shipton, Photo: Wikimedia Commons.

Eric Shipton’s Everest Expedition

Eric Shipton’s expedition team including Edmund Hillary who later became the first man to reach the summit of Everest. Photo: Curious Archive

In 1951, when Mount Everest wasn’t a busy tourist spot, two English mountain climbers, Eric Shipton and Dr. Michael Ward, joined a trip to figure out how to reach Everest’s summit from Nepal. Shipton led the expedition, and their discoveries helped plan the successful climb by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay in 1953. This expedition not only mapped the way up the tallest mountain but also marked a return to climbing after a pause during World War II.

The Yeti Footprints

At an altitude of around 15-16,000 feet, Shipton and Ward came across an unusual sight – a set of strange footprints in the snow in the Menlung Basin. Because they didn’t have proper tools to measure the footprints, they improvised using an ice pick, a backpack, and Michael Ward’s left boot. Shipton took photos as they closely examined what they found.

In one photo, comparing the boot to a footprint(below), it was evident that the print was much wider than a normal human foot, almost twice as wide, as Ward estimated. The footprint’s toes looked strange, with the big toe being lower and larger than expected for a human. It raised questions about how someone could walk in the snow without foot protection in freezing temperatures, even if it was a human print.

The photo of the Yeti footprint with Shipton’s Boot on Everest

Perplexed, Shipton and Ward tracked the mysterious footprints down the glacier for about a mile until they set up camp for the night. A few days later, their teammates W. H. Murray and Tom Bourdillon joined them and examined the peculiar footprints. Bourdillon noted in his diary that the prints had become somewhat distorted by the sun by the time he reached them, but he still found them surprising and unexplained.

After the photos were published, several expeditions took place in the Himalayas and Central Asia to determine if the creature in Shipton’s photographs actually existed. However, no evidence was found to prove the existence of the Yeti. Some accused Shipton of staging a hoax, but others who had seen the footprints vouched for the authenticity of Shipton’s photographs.

Possible Explanations for the Footprints

Deformed Humans

While the footprints could be evidence of Yeti living in the Himalayas there are a number of other theories about where these footprints could have come from.

Dr. Michael Ward, a medical doctor who was a part of Shipton’s expedition had an interesting theory about the footprints. He believed that the footprints could have been made by a local Tibetan with differently-shaped feet. In communities without easy access to medical help, foot abnormalities from birth might remain.

Dr Ward had seen Tibetans with deformed feet and some who walked with bare feet in the snow.

One case occurred during the Silver Hut Expedition in 1960-1961, which stayed at 19,000ft in the Everest region during the winter. A 35-year-old Nepalese pilgrim named Man Bahadur, who usually lived at 6000ft, visited. He spent 14 days at 15,300ft and above, not wearing shoes or gloves throughout. He walked in the snow and on rocks with bare feet without getting frostbite. He had minimal clothing and no sleeping bag or protective gear except a woolen coat.

He was monitored for four days without shelter between 16,500ft and 17,500ft, with temperatures as low as -13°C to -15°C at night and below freezing during the day. Eventually, he developed cracks in his toe skin, which became infected, and he went to lower levels for treatment. If any European members of the group had followed the same routine, they would likely have suffered severe frostbite and hypothermia.

Bears

Yeti researcher Daniel C. Taylor believes he has convincingly proven that Yeti prints are made by Asiatic Black bears standing on their hind legs. He has recreated the footprints in the snow using casts from a black bear and believes them to be very similar.

Taylor believes that the long footprints in the snow from 1951 were made by the Asiatic black bear, known as Ursus thibetanus. When the bear put its front paw down, it didn’t press too hard into the snow, so the claws on the front paw didn’t leave clear marks. After that, the hind paw landed on the back part of the print, stretching it to about twelve inches in length.

The Nepalese Legend of the Yeti

Certain local Sherpas think that the Himalayas are home to unusual beings, and they view the Yeti (also commonly called the “abominable snowman”) as a guardian. On the other hand, some believe it to be a threat.

“There is a kind of mysterious creature that lives in the Himalayas,” explained Ang Tshering Sherpa, leader of the Nepal Mountaineering Association in Katmandu, who is from the Khumbu region.

Bob Gymlan discuses why he believes the footprints found by Eric Shipton are evidence of the existence of Yeti

Do you think there are Yeti in the Himalayas? Tell us your theories in the comments!

If you enjoyed this article you might also be interested in a child lost in the woods that was protected by a bigfoot or a bigfoot that was hit by a train.

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NASA Zone F: Has NASA discovered strange creatures under the sea?

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What is the connection between NASA, Zone F and the Megalodon?

A massive shark is caught on camera prowling near a research vessel off the Massachusetts coast, creating a buzz on social media. What is the link between NASA Zone F and this elusive megalodon?

What is a Megalodon?

The megalodon, from Nasa Zone F, compared with normal sized sharks and a human

The megalodon is an incredible creature from the past that once roamed the depths of our ancient oceans. It is often referred to as the largest shark that ever lived. Despite being extinct for millions of years, the sheer size and power of the megalodon continue to captivate our imaginations.

The megalodon was a massive shark, far larger than any shark we see in our oceans today. It is believed to have reached lengths of around 50 to 60 feet, which is like having three school buses parked end to end! Just thinking about it makes you realize how enormous this creature truly was. Its mouth alone was wide enough to swallow a human whole, with teeth that could grow up to 7 inches in length.

As a top predator, the megalodon had an insatiable appetite. It primarily fed on marine mammals, such as whales and seals, as well as large fish. With its powerful jaws and rows of sharp, triangular teeth, the megalodon would bite its prey with incredible force, incapacitating them instantly. Its strong body allowed it to swim swiftly, sneaking up on its unsuspecting victims, making it a true ocean hunter.

The megalodon was believed to inhabit oceans around the world during the Miocene and Pliocene epochs, which were about 2 to 20 million years ago. Its fossilized teeth have been found in various parts of the world, indicating its broad range. However, it suddenly disappeared from the Earth’s oceans, and scientists are still trying to determine the exact cause of its extinction. Some theories suggest that changes in climate and the decline in its prey population played significant roles.

What is NASA Zone F?

NASA Zone F has been employed for capturing satellite images of the Earth’s oceans, playing a crucial role in the identification and monitoring of oceanic phenomena. Leveraging cutting-edge technology, NASA holds the capability to unveil mysteries concealed beneath the ocean depths, potentially revealing the existence of the megalodon.

NASA scientists, in collaboration with the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, are exploring the Earth’s hadal zone, the deepest parts of the oceans, to gain insights into extreme environments and develop technology for space exploration.

The hadal zone was once thought to be inhospitable, but discoveries of vibrant ecosystems around hydrothermal vents challenged that notion. Scientists are using autonomous underwater vehicles like Orpheus to map and study these depths, drawing parallels to environments on other planets, such as Jupiter’s moon Europa.

The challenges faced in exploring the hadal zone, with its extreme pressure and temperature conditions, provide valuable lessons for designing robotic missions in outer space.

Near the boundary between the inner and outer core of the Earth, there might be a decrease in how fast things are moving (negative velocity gradient). This could happen because there are elements in that area that produce heat. From a chemical standpoint, it’s expected that between one-third to more than half of all the Earth’s heat-producing elements are present below the upper mantle. This matches what we see in terms of heat coming out from the Earth’s surface.

When scientists conduct experiments at high pressure, they find that these heat-producing elements likely exist in the form of dioxides. These dioxides don’t mix well with the main rocks in the mantle under the temperature and pressure conditions found in the lower mantle. These heat-producing dioxides are very dense, possibly even denser than the liquid iron-nickel core of the Earth, so they might be moved to the boundary between the inner and outer core, known as the F zone.

it is possible that “Zone F” could represent a particular region in the Earth’s ocean where unique conditions exist, that allow the megalodon, to survive. It may have found a habitat in this specific zone due to favorable environmental conditions or the presence of certain prey species. This could mean that the megalodon still exists deep down in the ocean where they can hide away from human eyes.

The viral TikTok video of the Megalodon

Are these clips evidence that the megalodon still exists?

A huge shark was spotted from a research ship off the coast of Massachusetts in 2021, and a video of it has gone viral on social media.

The video was taken from the SSV Corwith Cramer, a research ship from the Sea Education Association. They were on a mission in the open ocean when they noticed the shark swimming next to the ship. A team member, Alex Albrecht, recorded the moment and shared it on TikTok, where it became viral. In the video, you can see the huge shark, some people think it might be a megalodon because of its size and shape, swimming slowly near the ship. Students on the ship can be heard shouting as the shark disappears into the water.

The sighting of the shark raised concerns, and NASA was contacted to check it out. Fortunately, it turned out that the shark wasn’t a threat. Satellite footage revealed that the mysterious shadow in the water was actually a group of harmless microbes. Even though the shark wasn’t dangerous, the video created a lot of excitement and got people interested in the idea that megalodons might still be living in our oceans.

Do you think megalodons still exist under the deep ocean? Tell us your theories in the comments.

if you enjoyed this article you might also be interested in a sea monster that attacked four teens off the coast of Florida or the Hook Island Sea Monster.

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