(Article by Franz Walker republished from NaturalNews.com)
Launched back in 1977, Voyager 1 is currently the most distant man-made object ever. Its 44-year journey has taken it past the edge of the solar system into the interstellar medium.
Now, instruments aboard Voyager 1 that have attempted to analyze that interstellar medium have discovered a constant humming, which appears to be the “noise” of the universe beyond our solar system. This drone appears to be emitted by interstellar gas or plasma waves found in the mostly empty space between star systems.
“It’s very faint and monotone, because it is in a narrow frequency bandwidth,” said Stella Koch Ocker, a doctoral student in astronomy at Cornell University, who found the noise. “We’re detecting the faint, persistent hum of interstellar gas.”
The findings, published in the journal Nature Astronomy, suggest that there is more going on in interstellar gas than scientists may have previously thought.
Hum hints at the true nature of interstellar plasma
When Voyager 1 went beyond the heliopause – the border between the solar system and interstellar space – it detected perturbations in the interstellar gas. But, in between those perturbations, which are caused by our own roiling sun, the researchers also uncovered a steady, persistent signature produced by the near-vacuum of space.
“The interstellar medium is like a quiet or gentle rain,” said senior author James Cordes, the George Feldstein Professor of Astronomy at Cornell. “In the case of a solar outburst, it’s like detecting a lightning burst in a thunderstorm and then it’s back to a gentle rain.”
Ocker, on the other hand, believes that the steady signature indicates that there is more low-level activity in the interstellar gas than previously thought. This then could allow researchers like her to track the spatial distribution of plasma when it’s not being perturbed by solar flares.
Another Cornell scientist on the team, Shami Chatterjee, explained that the discovery was important as it shows that researchers can measure the density of interstellar plasma on its own, without relying on activity from the sun.
“We’ve never had a chance to evaluate it. Now we know we don’t need a fortuitous event related to the sun to measure interstellar plasma,” Chatterjee said. “Regardless of what the sun is doing, Voyager is sending back detail. The craft is saying, ‘Here’s the density I’m swimming through right now. And here it is now. And here it is now. And here it is now.’ Voyager is quite distant and will be doing this continuously.”
Voyager 1 to reach end of life soon
The findings demonstrate how, 44-years on, Voyager 1 is still making important discoveries despite having already left the solar system. That said, the probe’s distance from the earth and its age mean that it won’t be able to do so for very long.
At 14 billion miles from the Earth, and getting further all the time, Voyager 1 can only send back very limited amounts of data. NASA scientists can only receive about 160 bits each second from the probe. This is much less than the already limited 21 kilobits it could send when it was launched and pales in comparison to the amount of data modern systems can transmit.
More importantly, Voyager 1’s power supply is going to run out soon. It’s expected that by 2025, the radioisotope thermoelectric generators that power the probe will no longer be able to supply enough electricity to power Voyager 1’s instruments.
Voyager 1’s eventual shutdown means that scientists will have to look towards other spacecraft on a solar exit trajectory to study the space beyond the solar system. The New Horizons probe, launched in 2006, could fulfill this role once it reaches the ends of the solar system in a decade or so.
Beyond that, future interstellar probes, launched with upcoming heavy-lift rockets from NASA and SpaceX could reach interstellar space much faster than previous probes.
Follow Space.news for more on how NASA is planning to study interstellar space.
Vatican Knows More About UFOs Than Intelligence Agencies
Are you still sure that intelligence agencies and scientists know more about extraterrestrial civilizations than anyone else? In fact, science centers, the CIA, and individuals like Elon Musk and Bill Gates know less about UFOs and alien visitations than the Pope. You may be surprised to learn that the Vatican has its own space exploration program.
The Vatican Observatory is an astronomical research and educational institution supported by the Holy See. Originally based in the Roman College of Rome, the Observatory is now headquartered in Castel Gandolfo, Italy, and operates a telescope at the Mount Graham International Observatory in the United States.
Indirect confirmation that the Vatican is “in the know” are the statements of Pope Francis and his predecessor about extraterrestrial life.
Cultists have repeatedly pointed out that people will soon get acquainted with extraterrestrial intelligence, learn more about extraterrestrial civilizations. And there is no doubt that the Vatican takes extraterrestrials more than seriously. For example, the possibility of converting them to Catholicism has been announced.
“Honestly, I wouldn’t know how to answer that,” the Pope replied, explaining that while scientific knowledge has so far ruled out the possibility of other thinking beings in the universe, “until America was discovered, we thought it didn’t exist, and instead it did,” Pope Francis said.
“But in any case, I think we should stick to what scientists tell us, still aware that the Creator is infinitely greater than our knowledge.”
Francis said the one thing he is sure of in the universe and the world we live in is that it is “not the result of chance or chaos,” but rather of divine intelligence.
Yes, the Vatican’s research power pales in comparison to NASA’s latest technological advances, but the facts speak for themselves.
Until the 19th century, this religious organization was known for opening astronomical observatories and scientific schools where young and able scientists were trained in the technique of observing space.
The Vatican Observatory, which still exists today, is one of the oldest and most authoritative on a planetary scale.
But that’s not all. It turns out that the Vatican also has a space program that, according to experts, is not much inferior to the program of the same NASA.
The Vatican has quite modern and powerful telescopes and other observation equipment. The largest telescope observes the universe in the infrared range and significantly exceeds the capabilities of analogues.
And another interesting fact to ponder. While the Vatican conducts space research, more and more people on Earth begin to believe in the reality of extraterrestrial life.
According to statistics, in 1990 this number was estimated at 27% of the world’s population. In 2000 it increased to 33%. Now it is approaching the 65% mark. Thus, the Vatican’s awareness of extraterrestrial life can be seen as a “fire of knowledge”.
Jesuit Father Jose Funes, director of the Vatican Observatory, said Christians should consider alien life as an “extraterrestrial brother” and part of God’s creation.
Father Funes said it is difficult to rule out the possibility that other intelligent life exists in the universe, and he noted that a field of astronomy is now actively searching for “biomarkers” in the spectral analysis of other stars and planets.
These potential forms of life could include those that do not require oxygen or hydrogen, he said. Just as God created multiple forms of life on Earth, he said, there may be multiple forms of life throughout the universe.
“This is not contrary to faith, because we cannot place limits on God’s creative freedom,” he said.
“To use the words of St. Francis, if we consider earthly creatures to be ‘brothers’ and ‘sisters,’ why can’t we also speak of an ‘extraterrestrial brother,'” he said.
According to some scientists, the goals and objectives of church officials have changed somewhat. Now they are clearly focused on preparing humanity for an encounter with extraterrestrials.
Potential ‘portal’ discovered that could be a wormhole in our galaxy
Science has long been interested in the so-called wormholes. These are tunnels in space-time, giving, so far only theoretically, the possibility of instantaneous movement between galaxies.
Recently, for the first time, it turned out that in our Galaxy there is an object similar to a wormhole. It is located at a distance of 1566 light years from us, by space standards within easy reach.
Portals between universes or galaxies are theoretically possible, their existence does not contradict the laws of physics. Albert Einstein and Nathan Rosen stated this back in the 1930s.
Later, several theories appeared, in their own way explaining the likelihood of such travel using the so-called wormholes.
One such hypothesis compares a wormhole and a black hole. The entrances to them as a region of powerful gravity are very similar. Based on this analogy, scientists hope that tunnels in space-time can be detected, including using the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT), the main purpose of which is to observe black holes.
EHT is a complex of radio telescopes located in different parts of the world. With his help, several discoveries have already been made, last year he found a black hole in the center of our native galaxy
In general, there are supposedly millions of such black holes in the Milky Way, and most importantly, some of them are potentially the mouths of wormholes.
Astrophysicists in the United States and Germany recently discovered the first such object. This is Gaia BH1, an object ten times the size of the Sun, located 1566 light-years from Earth.
Gaia BH1 has a Sun-like star orbiting it. Usually, in such binary systems, the black hole is “fed” by the star, simultaneously emitting powerful X-rays. But this black hole does not attract matter to itself and does not radiate anything. Astronomers conventionally call such mysterious objects “sleeping” black holes. They have never before been found in our galaxy.
This is either a “sleeping” black hole, or a perfectly suitable candidate for the “role” of a wormhole. The discovery was made possible by the highly functional Gaia space telescope and the ground-based Gemini telescopes.
Traditionally, a classical wormhole is represented as a three-dimensional tube in a curved two-dimensional space. This does not contradict general relativity, but most scientists believe that such tunnels are only stable if they are filled with exotic matter of negative energy density, which creates a strong gravitational repulsion and prevents the cavity from collapsing.
However, there are also other opinions. For example, Pascal Koiran, professor of computer science at Ecole Normale Superieure of Lyon, published calculations according to which exotic matter is not needed to pass through the wormhole at the level of elementary particles.
Traveling through a wormhole could look like a surreal and disorienting experience. It may appear as if you are traveling through a tunnel of bright light and time is passing by quickly.
You may feel as if you are being transported from one place to another without actually moving. As you move through the wormhole, you could experience changes in gravity or shifts in the space-time continuum.
The inside of the tunnel may appear to be made out of strange and exotic particles, with colors and shapes that seem out of this world. In some cases, the tunnel may even be filled with a mysterious form of energy that seems to be alive.
Wormholes were and remain today the only chance for interstellar flights. So scientists will continue their research, no matter how fantastic they may seem.
UAP4 days ago
The Falkville Metal Man
Space2 years ago
Chinese rocket could shower New York with debris when it crashes back to Earth on Saturday
General1 year ago
The Cursed Dresser That Killed 18 People
Ghosts7 months ago
Ghosts of the London Underground
General8 months ago
Woman bought a lottery ticket on the advice of a stranger and won millions of dollars