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Scientists discover another unexplained ring-shaped radio structure in space



Scientists have discovered another bizarre, gigantic and unexplained circle-shaped radio structure in outer space, a discovery that contributes to “exciting times in astronomy,” according to a new study.

The bubble is the latest example of the Strange Radio Circle (DRC), a name for a type of spectral ring that debuted in a 2020 paper led by University of Western Sydney astrophysicist Ray Norris. Norris and his colleagues discovered four such huge circles, eerily glowing in faint radio waves far beyond our galaxy.

Now scientists led by Berbel Koribalski, a researcher at Australia’s CSIRO National Telescope Center, have discovered a fifth ORC, which appears to extend to about a million light years away.

The structure, called ORC J0102-2450, also looks like it has an elliptical galaxy at its center, a feature it shares with the two ORCs detected by Norris’ group. Koribalski and co-authors, including Norris, said the presence of the galaxies is “hardly a coincidence” and could help explain the origin of these ghost rings, according to their forthcoming study in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society Letters, available on the arXiv preprints server.

For decades, ORCs have gone undetected because they are very dim, but new and modern radio telescopes such as Australia’s Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder (ASKAP) are sensitive enough to spot the huge bubbles.

“Because ASKAP can observe an area of 30 square degrees — a very large area — it is an excellent survey instrument, and the data collected will lead to many new discoveries,” Koribalski said in an e-mail. “We usually observe one area of 30 square degrees for ~10 hours (if possible), then repeat these observations several times to increase the sensitivity of the field. The higher the sensitivity, the more radio sources we detect.”

Koribalski and her colleagues combined eight ASKAP observations from August 2019 to December 2020 to see the newest member of the ORC family.

Because ORCs are so faint, it is difficult to determine exactly how far away they are from Earth, making it difficult to estimate their size. However, the pattern of galaxies appearing at the center of the ORC, now observed in three of five cases, may provide a measure of distance. For example, the galaxy at the center of the recently discovered ORC is about three billion light-years away, suggesting that the circle spans a space of about 980,000 light-years.

This distant galaxy could also be the source of a giant bubble, the study says. Some galaxies are surrounded by long radio-bright lobes formed by jets from their galactic nuclei that eject energetic gas tens of thousands of light-years into intergalactic space. Koribalski and her colleagues suggest that ORC J0102-2450 may be one of these petals when viewed from Earth, as it dims rapidly after the jets turn off.

The team also suggests that a “giant blast wave in the central galaxy” that creates a “spherical shell of radio emission” could be the ORC’s progenitor, the study says. One possible trigger for such a large-scale spherical shock wave could be the merger of two supermassive black holes during a galactic collision.

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Vatican Knows More About UFOs Than Intelligence Agencies




Are you still sure that intelligence agencies and scientists know more about extraterrestrial civilizations than anyone else? In fact, science centers, the CIA, and individuals like Elon Musk and Bill Gates know less about UFOs and alien visitations than the Pope. You may be surprised to learn that the Vatican has its own space exploration program.

The Vatican Observatory is an astronomical research and educational institution supported by the Holy See. Originally based in the Roman College of Rome, the Observatory is now headquartered in Castel Gandolfo, Italy, and operates a telescope at the Mount Graham International Observatory in the United States.

Indirect confirmation that the Vatican is “in the know” are the statements of Pope Francis and his predecessor about extraterrestrial life.

Cultists have repeatedly pointed out that people will soon get acquainted with extraterrestrial intelligence, learn more about extraterrestrial civilizations. And there is no doubt that the Vatican takes extraterrestrials more than seriously. For example, the possibility of converting them to Catholicism has been announced.

“Honestly, I wouldn’t know how to answer that,” the Pope replied, explaining that while scientific knowledge has so far ruled out the possibility of other thinking beings in the universe, “until America was discovered, we thought it didn’t exist, and instead it did,” Pope Francis said.

“But in any case, I think we should stick to what scientists tell us, still aware that the Creator is infinitely greater than our knowledge.”

Francis said the one thing he is sure of in the universe and the world we live in is that it is “not the result of chance or chaos,” but rather of divine intelligence.

Yes, the Vatican’s research power pales in comparison to NASA’s latest technological advances, but the facts speak for themselves.

Until the 19th century, this religious organization was known for opening astronomical observatories and scientific schools where young and able scientists were trained in the technique of observing space.

The Vatican Observatory, which still exists today, is one of the oldest and most authoritative on a planetary scale.

But that’s not all. It turns out that the Vatican also has a space program that, according to experts, is not much inferior to the program of the same NASA.

The Vatican has quite modern and powerful telescopes and other observation equipment. The largest telescope observes the universe in the infrared range and significantly exceeds the capabilities of analogues.

And another interesting fact to ponder. While the Vatican conducts space research, more and more people on Earth begin to believe in the reality of extraterrestrial life.

According to statistics, in 1990 this number was estimated at 27% of the world’s population. In 2000 it increased to 33%. Now it is approaching the 65% mark. Thus, the Vatican’s awareness of extraterrestrial life can be seen as a “fire of knowledge”.

Jesuit Father Jose Funes, director of the Vatican Observatory, said Christians should consider alien life as an “extraterrestrial brother” and part of God’s creation.

Father Funes said it is difficult to rule out the possibility that other intelligent life exists in the universe, and he noted that a field of astronomy is now actively searching for “biomarkers” in the spectral analysis of other stars and planets.

These potential forms of life could include those that do not require oxygen or hydrogen, he said. Just as God created multiple forms of life on Earth, he said, there may be multiple forms of life throughout the universe.

“This is not contrary to faith, because we cannot place limits on God’s creative freedom,” he said.

“To use the words of St. Francis, if we consider earthly creatures to be ‘brothers’ and ‘sisters,’ why can’t we also speak of an ‘extraterrestrial brother,'” he said.

According to some scientists, the goals and objectives of church officials have changed somewhat. Now they are clearly focused on preparing humanity for an encounter with extraterrestrials.

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Potential ‘portal’ discovered that could be a wormhole in our galaxy




Science has long been interested in the so-called wormholes. These are tunnels in space-time, giving, so far only theoretically, the possibility of instantaneous movement between galaxies.

Recently, for the first time, it turned out that in our Galaxy there is an object similar to a wormhole. It is located at a distance of 1566 light years from us, by space standards within easy reach.

Portals between universes or galaxies are theoretically possible, their existence does not contradict the laws of physics. Albert Einstein and Nathan Rosen stated this back in the 1930s.

Later, several theories appeared, in their own way explaining the likelihood of such travel using the so-called wormholes.

One such hypothesis compares a wormhole and a black hole. The entrances to them as a region of powerful gravity are very similar. Based on this analogy, scientists hope that tunnels in space-time can be detected, including using the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT), the main purpose of which is to observe black holes.

EHT is a complex of radio telescopes located in different parts of the world. With his help, several discoveries have already been made, last year he found a black hole in the center of our native galaxy

In general, there are supposedly millions of such black holes in the Milky Way, and most importantly, some of them are potentially the mouths of wormholes.

Astrophysicists in the United States and Germany recently discovered the first such object. This is Gaia BH1, an object ten times the size of the Sun, located 1566 light-years from Earth.

Gaia BH1 has a Sun-like star orbiting it. Usually, in such binary systems, the black hole is “fed” by the star, simultaneously emitting powerful X-rays. But this black hole does not attract matter to itself and does not radiate anything. Astronomers conventionally call such mysterious objects “sleeping” black holes. They have never before been found in our galaxy.

This is either a “sleeping” black hole, or a perfectly suitable candidate for the “role” of a wormhole. The discovery was made possible by the highly functional Gaia space telescope and the ground-based Gemini telescopes.

Traditionally, a classical wormhole is represented as a three-dimensional tube in a curved two-dimensional space. This does not contradict general relativity, but most scientists believe that such tunnels are only stable if they are filled with exotic matter of negative energy density, which creates a strong gravitational repulsion and prevents the cavity from collapsing.

However, there are also other opinions. For example, Pascal Koiran, professor of computer science at Ecole Normale Superieure of Lyon, published calculations according to which exotic matter is not needed to pass through the wormhole at the level of elementary particles.

Traveling through a wormhole could look like a surreal and disorienting experience. It may appear as if you are traveling through a tunnel of bright light and time is passing by quickly.

You may feel as if you are being transported from one place to another without actually moving. As you move through the wormhole, you could experience changes in gravity or shifts in the space-time continuum.

The inside of the tunnel may appear to be made out of strange and exotic particles, with colors and shapes that seem out of this world. In some cases, the tunnel may even be filled with a mysterious form of energy that seems to be alive.

Wormholes were and remain today the only chance for interstellar flights. So scientists will continue their research, no matter how fantastic they may seem.

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